NCERT Textbook - Resources Class 8 Notes | EduRev

Geography (Prelims) by Valor Academy

Created by: C K Academy

UPSC : NCERT Textbook - Resources Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Mona and Raju were helping Amma to clean their house. 
“Look at all these things…. clothes, utensils, foodgrains, 
combs, this bottle of honey, books…..Each of these has a 
use,” said Mona. “That is why they are important,” said 
Amma. “These are resources…..”. “What is a resource?” 
was Raju’s question to Amma. “Anything that can be used 
to satisfy a need is a resource”, replied amma. “Look around 
you and observe, you will be able to identify many types of 
resources. The water you drink when you are thirsty, the 
electricity you use in your house, the rickshaw you use to 
get home from school, the textbook you use to study are all 
resources. Your father has prepared a tasty snack for you. 
The fresh vegetables he has used are also a resource”.
Water, electricity, rickshaw, vegetable and textbook 
have something in common. They have all been used by 
you, so they have utility. Utility or usability is what makes 
an object or substance a resource.
“How does something become a resource?” Raju now 
wanted to know. Amma told the children that things become 
resources only when they have a value. “Its use or utility gives 
it a value. All resources have some value.” said Amma.      
Value means worth. Some resources have economic 
value, some do not. For example, metals may have an 
economic value, a beautiful landscape may not. But both 
are important and satisfy human needs.
Some resources can become economically valuable 
with time. Your grandmother’s home remedies have no 
commercial value today. But if they are patented and sold by 
a medical firm tomorrow, they could become economically 
valuable.
Resources
Glossary
Patent: It means 
the exclusive right 
over any idea or 
invention.
Let’s do
List out five 
resources you use 
in your home and 
five you use in 
your classroom.
Page 2


Mona and Raju were helping Amma to clean their house. 
“Look at all these things…. clothes, utensils, foodgrains, 
combs, this bottle of honey, books…..Each of these has a 
use,” said Mona. “That is why they are important,” said 
Amma. “These are resources…..”. “What is a resource?” 
was Raju’s question to Amma. “Anything that can be used 
to satisfy a need is a resource”, replied amma. “Look around 
you and observe, you will be able to identify many types of 
resources. The water you drink when you are thirsty, the 
electricity you use in your house, the rickshaw you use to 
get home from school, the textbook you use to study are all 
resources. Your father has prepared a tasty snack for you. 
The fresh vegetables he has used are also a resource”.
Water, electricity, rickshaw, vegetable and textbook 
have something in common. They have all been used by 
you, so they have utility. Utility or usability is what makes 
an object or substance a resource.
“How does something become a resource?” Raju now 
wanted to know. Amma told the children that things become 
resources only when they have a value. “Its use or utility gives 
it a value. All resources have some value.” said Amma.      
Value means worth. Some resources have economic 
value, some do not. For example, metals may have an 
economic value, a beautiful landscape may not. But both 
are important and satisfy human needs.
Some resources can become economically valuable 
with time. Your grandmother’s home remedies have no 
commercial value today. But if they are patented and sold by 
a medical firm tomorrow, they could become economically 
valuable.
Resources
Glossary
Patent: It means 
the exclusive right 
over any idea or 
invention.
Let’s do
List out five 
resources you use 
in your home and 
five you use in 
your classroom.
2RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT
Time and technology are two important factors that 
can change substances into resources. Both are related 
to the needs of the people. People themselves are the 
most important resource. It is their ideas, knowledge, 
inventions and discoveries that lead to the creation of 
more resources. Each discovery or invention leads to many 
others. The discovery of fire led to the practice of cooking 
and other processes while the invention of the wheel 
ultimately resulted in development of 
newer modes of transport. The technology 
to create hydroelectricity 
has turned energy in fast 
flowing water into an 
important resource.
TYPES OF RESOURCES
Resources are generally classified into 
natural, human made and human.
Natural Resources
Resources that are drawn from Nature and used without 
much modification are called natural resources. The 
air we breathe, the water in our rivers and lakes, the 
soils, minerals are all natural resources. Many of these 
resources are free gifts of nature and can be used 
directly. In some cases tools and technology may be 
needed to use a natural resource in the best possible 
way.
Natural resources are classified into different groups 
depending upon their level of development and use;
origin; stock and distribution.
On the basis of their development and use resources 
can be classified into two groups, actual resources and 
potential resources.
Actual resources are those resources whose quantity 
is known. These resources are being used in the present. 
The rich deposits of coal in Ruhr region of Germany and 
petroleum in the West Asia, the dark soils of the Deccan 
plateau in Maharashtra are all actual resources.
Potential resources are those whose entire quantity 
may not be known and these are not being used at 
  “So I am a 
  resource too!”
“A very 
valuable one!”
Amma’s List
Cotton cloth
Iron ore
Intelligence
Medicinal plants
Medical knowledge
Coal deposits
Agricultural land
Clean environment
Old folk songs
Good weather
Resourcefulness
A good singing voice
Grandmother’s
home remedies
Affection from
friends and family
Beautiful scenery
Activity
Circle those 
resources from 
Amma’s list that 
have no commercial 
value as yet.
Glossary
Technology: It is 
the application of 
latest knowledge 
and skill in doing 
or making things.
Page 3


Mona and Raju were helping Amma to clean their house. 
“Look at all these things…. clothes, utensils, foodgrains, 
combs, this bottle of honey, books…..Each of these has a 
use,” said Mona. “That is why they are important,” said 
Amma. “These are resources…..”. “What is a resource?” 
was Raju’s question to Amma. “Anything that can be used 
to satisfy a need is a resource”, replied amma. “Look around 
you and observe, you will be able to identify many types of 
resources. The water you drink when you are thirsty, the 
electricity you use in your house, the rickshaw you use to 
get home from school, the textbook you use to study are all 
resources. Your father has prepared a tasty snack for you. 
The fresh vegetables he has used are also a resource”.
Water, electricity, rickshaw, vegetable and textbook 
have something in common. They have all been used by 
you, so they have utility. Utility or usability is what makes 
an object or substance a resource.
“How does something become a resource?” Raju now 
wanted to know. Amma told the children that things become 
resources only when they have a value. “Its use or utility gives 
it a value. All resources have some value.” said Amma.      
Value means worth. Some resources have economic 
value, some do not. For example, metals may have an 
economic value, a beautiful landscape may not. But both 
are important and satisfy human needs.
Some resources can become economically valuable 
with time. Your grandmother’s home remedies have no 
commercial value today. But if they are patented and sold by 
a medical firm tomorrow, they could become economically 
valuable.
Resources
Glossary
Patent: It means 
the exclusive right 
over any idea or 
invention.
Let’s do
List out five 
resources you use 
in your home and 
five you use in 
your classroom.
2RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT
Time and technology are two important factors that 
can change substances into resources. Both are related 
to the needs of the people. People themselves are the 
most important resource. It is their ideas, knowledge, 
inventions and discoveries that lead to the creation of 
more resources. Each discovery or invention leads to many 
others. The discovery of fire led to the practice of cooking 
and other processes while the invention of the wheel 
ultimately resulted in development of 
newer modes of transport. The technology 
to create hydroelectricity 
has turned energy in fast 
flowing water into an 
important resource.
TYPES OF RESOURCES
Resources are generally classified into 
natural, human made and human.
Natural Resources
Resources that are drawn from Nature and used without 
much modification are called natural resources. The 
air we breathe, the water in our rivers and lakes, the 
soils, minerals are all natural resources. Many of these 
resources are free gifts of nature and can be used 
directly. In some cases tools and technology may be 
needed to use a natural resource in the best possible 
way.
Natural resources are classified into different groups 
depending upon their level of development and use;
origin; stock and distribution.
On the basis of their development and use resources 
can be classified into two groups, actual resources and 
potential resources.
Actual resources are those resources whose quantity 
is known. These resources are being used in the present. 
The rich deposits of coal in Ruhr region of Germany and 
petroleum in the West Asia, the dark soils of the Deccan 
plateau in Maharashtra are all actual resources.
Potential resources are those whose entire quantity 
may not be known and these are not being used at 
  “So I am a 
  resource too!”
“A very 
valuable one!”
Amma’s List
Cotton cloth
Iron ore
Intelligence
Medicinal plants
Medical knowledge
Coal deposits
Agricultural land
Clean environment
Old folk songs
Good weather
Resourcefulness
A good singing voice
Grandmother’s
home remedies
Affection from
friends and family
Beautiful scenery
Activity
Circle those 
resources from 
Amma’s list that 
have no commercial 
value as yet.
Glossary
Technology: It is 
the application of 
latest knowledge 
and skill in doing 
or making things.
RESOURCES 3
present. These resources could be used in the future. 
The level of technology we have at present may not be 
advanced enough to easily utilise these resources. The 
uranium found in Ladakh is an example of potential 
resource that could be used in the future. High speed 
winds were a potential resource two hundred 
years ago. Today they are an actual resource and 
wind farms generate energy using windmills like 
in Netherlands. You will find some in Nagercoil in 
Tamil Nadu and on the Gujarat coast.
Based on their origin, resources can be 
abiotic or biotic. Abiotic resources are non-living 
while biotic resources are living. Soils, rocks and 
minerals are abiotic but plants and animals are 
biotic resources.
Natural resources can be broadly categorised into 
renewable and non-renewable resources.
Renewable resources are those which get renewed or 
replenished quickly. Some of these are unlimited and are 
not affected by human activities, such as solar and wind 
energy. Yet careless use of certain renewable resources 
like water, soil and forest can affect their stock. Water 
seems to be an unlimited renewable resource. But 
shortage and drying up of natural water sources is a 
major problem in many parts of the world today.
Non-renewable resources are those which have a 
limited stock. Once the stocks are exhausted it may 
take thousands of years to be renewed or replenished. 
Since this period is much more than human life spans, 
such resources are considered non-renewable. Coal, 
petroleum and natural gas are some examples.
On the basis of their distribution resources can be 
ubiquitous or localised.  Resources that are found 
everywhere like the air we breathe, are ubiquitous. 
But those which are found only in certain places are 
localised, like copper and iron ore.
The distribution of natural resources depends 
upon number of physical factors like terrain, climate 
and altitude. The distribution of resources is unequal 
because these factors differ so much over the earth.             
Fig. 1.1: Windmills
Glossary
Stock of Resource
It is the amount of 
resources available 
for use.
Let’s do
Think of a few 
renewable resources 
and mention how 
their stock may get 
affected by overuse.
Page 4


Mona and Raju were helping Amma to clean their house. 
“Look at all these things…. clothes, utensils, foodgrains, 
combs, this bottle of honey, books…..Each of these has a 
use,” said Mona. “That is why they are important,” said 
Amma. “These are resources…..”. “What is a resource?” 
was Raju’s question to Amma. “Anything that can be used 
to satisfy a need is a resource”, replied amma. “Look around 
you and observe, you will be able to identify many types of 
resources. The water you drink when you are thirsty, the 
electricity you use in your house, the rickshaw you use to 
get home from school, the textbook you use to study are all 
resources. Your father has prepared a tasty snack for you. 
The fresh vegetables he has used are also a resource”.
Water, electricity, rickshaw, vegetable and textbook 
have something in common. They have all been used by 
you, so they have utility. Utility or usability is what makes 
an object or substance a resource.
“How does something become a resource?” Raju now 
wanted to know. Amma told the children that things become 
resources only when they have a value. “Its use or utility gives 
it a value. All resources have some value.” said Amma.      
Value means worth. Some resources have economic 
value, some do not. For example, metals may have an 
economic value, a beautiful landscape may not. But both 
are important and satisfy human needs.
Some resources can become economically valuable 
with time. Your grandmother’s home remedies have no 
commercial value today. But if they are patented and sold by 
a medical firm tomorrow, they could become economically 
valuable.
Resources
Glossary
Patent: It means 
the exclusive right 
over any idea or 
invention.
Let’s do
List out five 
resources you use 
in your home and 
five you use in 
your classroom.
2RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT
Time and technology are two important factors that 
can change substances into resources. Both are related 
to the needs of the people. People themselves are the 
most important resource. It is their ideas, knowledge, 
inventions and discoveries that lead to the creation of 
more resources. Each discovery or invention leads to many 
others. The discovery of fire led to the practice of cooking 
and other processes while the invention of the wheel 
ultimately resulted in development of 
newer modes of transport. The technology 
to create hydroelectricity 
has turned energy in fast 
flowing water into an 
important resource.
TYPES OF RESOURCES
Resources are generally classified into 
natural, human made and human.
Natural Resources
Resources that are drawn from Nature and used without 
much modification are called natural resources. The 
air we breathe, the water in our rivers and lakes, the 
soils, minerals are all natural resources. Many of these 
resources are free gifts of nature and can be used 
directly. In some cases tools and technology may be 
needed to use a natural resource in the best possible 
way.
Natural resources are classified into different groups 
depending upon their level of development and use;
origin; stock and distribution.
On the basis of their development and use resources 
can be classified into two groups, actual resources and 
potential resources.
Actual resources are those resources whose quantity 
is known. These resources are being used in the present. 
The rich deposits of coal in Ruhr region of Germany and 
petroleum in the West Asia, the dark soils of the Deccan 
plateau in Maharashtra are all actual resources.
Potential resources are those whose entire quantity 
may not be known and these are not being used at 
  “So I am a 
  resource too!”
“A very 
valuable one!”
Amma’s List
Cotton cloth
Iron ore
Intelligence
Medicinal plants
Medical knowledge
Coal deposits
Agricultural land
Clean environment
Old folk songs
Good weather
Resourcefulness
A good singing voice
Grandmother’s
home remedies
Affection from
friends and family
Beautiful scenery
Activity
Circle those 
resources from 
Amma’s list that 
have no commercial 
value as yet.
Glossary
Technology: It is 
the application of 
latest knowledge 
and skill in doing 
or making things.
RESOURCES 3
present. These resources could be used in the future. 
The level of technology we have at present may not be 
advanced enough to easily utilise these resources. The 
uranium found in Ladakh is an example of potential 
resource that could be used in the future. High speed 
winds were a potential resource two hundred 
years ago. Today they are an actual resource and 
wind farms generate energy using windmills like 
in Netherlands. You will find some in Nagercoil in 
Tamil Nadu and on the Gujarat coast.
Based on their origin, resources can be 
abiotic or biotic. Abiotic resources are non-living 
while biotic resources are living. Soils, rocks and 
minerals are abiotic but plants and animals are 
biotic resources.
Natural resources can be broadly categorised into 
renewable and non-renewable resources.
Renewable resources are those which get renewed or 
replenished quickly. Some of these are unlimited and are 
not affected by human activities, such as solar and wind 
energy. Yet careless use of certain renewable resources 
like water, soil and forest can affect their stock. Water 
seems to be an unlimited renewable resource. But 
shortage and drying up of natural water sources is a 
major problem in many parts of the world today.
Non-renewable resources are those which have a 
limited stock. Once the stocks are exhausted it may 
take thousands of years to be renewed or replenished. 
Since this period is much more than human life spans, 
such resources are considered non-renewable. Coal, 
petroleum and natural gas are some examples.
On the basis of their distribution resources can be 
ubiquitous or localised.  Resources that are found 
everywhere like the air we breathe, are ubiquitous. 
But those which are found only in certain places are 
localised, like copper and iron ore.
The distribution of natural resources depends 
upon number of physical factors like terrain, climate 
and altitude. The distribution of resources is unequal 
because these factors differ so much over the earth.             
Fig. 1.1: Windmills
Glossary
Stock of Resource
It is the amount of 
resources available 
for use.
Let’s do
Think of a few 
renewable resources 
and mention how 
their stock may get 
affected by overuse.
4RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT
Human Made Resources 
Sometimes, natural substances become resources only 
when their original form has been changed. Iron ore 
was not a resource until people learnt to extract iron 
from it. People use natural resources to make buildings, 
bridges, roads, machinery and vehicles, which are 
known as human made resources. Technology is also 
a human made resource.
“So people like us use natural resources to make human 
made resources,” said Mona nodding in understanding. 
“Yes,” said Raju.
Human Resources
People can make the best use of nature to create more 
resources when they have the knowledge, skill and 
the technology to do so. That is why human beings 
are a special resource. People are human resources.
Education and health help in making people a valuable 
resource. Improving the quality of people’s skills so 
that they are able to create more resources is known as 
human resource development.
“…its all thanks 
to the knowledge, 
education and 
skill… we could find 
a solution… 
that’s it!
“Crops ruined
due to 
drought”.
“Can I find
a solution?”. 
Let’s do
Make a list of 
five human made 
resources that you 
can observe around 
you.
Do you know? 
Human Resource 
refer to the number 
(quantity) and 
abilities (mental 
and physical) 
of the people. 
Though, there are 
differing views 
regarding treatment 
of humans as 
a resource, one 
cannot deny the 
fact that it is 
the abilities of 
human that help 
in transfering the 
physical material 
into valuable 
resource.
Read and Ponder: Humans are interdependent on 
each other. Farmers provide food grains for every one. 
Scientists suggest various means to combat problems
related to agriculture and improve farm production. 
Page 5


Mona and Raju were helping Amma to clean their house. 
“Look at all these things…. clothes, utensils, foodgrains, 
combs, this bottle of honey, books…..Each of these has a 
use,” said Mona. “That is why they are important,” said 
Amma. “These are resources…..”. “What is a resource?” 
was Raju’s question to Amma. “Anything that can be used 
to satisfy a need is a resource”, replied amma. “Look around 
you and observe, you will be able to identify many types of 
resources. The water you drink when you are thirsty, the 
electricity you use in your house, the rickshaw you use to 
get home from school, the textbook you use to study are all 
resources. Your father has prepared a tasty snack for you. 
The fresh vegetables he has used are also a resource”.
Water, electricity, rickshaw, vegetable and textbook 
have something in common. They have all been used by 
you, so they have utility. Utility or usability is what makes 
an object or substance a resource.
“How does something become a resource?” Raju now 
wanted to know. Amma told the children that things become 
resources only when they have a value. “Its use or utility gives 
it a value. All resources have some value.” said Amma.      
Value means worth. Some resources have economic 
value, some do not. For example, metals may have an 
economic value, a beautiful landscape may not. But both 
are important and satisfy human needs.
Some resources can become economically valuable 
with time. Your grandmother’s home remedies have no 
commercial value today. But if they are patented and sold by 
a medical firm tomorrow, they could become economically 
valuable.
Resources
Glossary
Patent: It means 
the exclusive right 
over any idea or 
invention.
Let’s do
List out five 
resources you use 
in your home and 
five you use in 
your classroom.
2RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT
Time and technology are two important factors that 
can change substances into resources. Both are related 
to the needs of the people. People themselves are the 
most important resource. It is their ideas, knowledge, 
inventions and discoveries that lead to the creation of 
more resources. Each discovery or invention leads to many 
others. The discovery of fire led to the practice of cooking 
and other processes while the invention of the wheel 
ultimately resulted in development of 
newer modes of transport. The technology 
to create hydroelectricity 
has turned energy in fast 
flowing water into an 
important resource.
TYPES OF RESOURCES
Resources are generally classified into 
natural, human made and human.
Natural Resources
Resources that are drawn from Nature and used without 
much modification are called natural resources. The 
air we breathe, the water in our rivers and lakes, the 
soils, minerals are all natural resources. Many of these 
resources are free gifts of nature and can be used 
directly. In some cases tools and technology may be 
needed to use a natural resource in the best possible 
way.
Natural resources are classified into different groups 
depending upon their level of development and use;
origin; stock and distribution.
On the basis of their development and use resources 
can be classified into two groups, actual resources and 
potential resources.
Actual resources are those resources whose quantity 
is known. These resources are being used in the present. 
The rich deposits of coal in Ruhr region of Germany and 
petroleum in the West Asia, the dark soils of the Deccan 
plateau in Maharashtra are all actual resources.
Potential resources are those whose entire quantity 
may not be known and these are not being used at 
  “So I am a 
  resource too!”
“A very 
valuable one!”
Amma’s List
Cotton cloth
Iron ore
Intelligence
Medicinal plants
Medical knowledge
Coal deposits
Agricultural land
Clean environment
Old folk songs
Good weather
Resourcefulness
A good singing voice
Grandmother’s
home remedies
Affection from
friends and family
Beautiful scenery
Activity
Circle those 
resources from 
Amma’s list that 
have no commercial 
value as yet.
Glossary
Technology: It is 
the application of 
latest knowledge 
and skill in doing 
or making things.
RESOURCES 3
present. These resources could be used in the future. 
The level of technology we have at present may not be 
advanced enough to easily utilise these resources. The 
uranium found in Ladakh is an example of potential 
resource that could be used in the future. High speed 
winds were a potential resource two hundred 
years ago. Today they are an actual resource and 
wind farms generate energy using windmills like 
in Netherlands. You will find some in Nagercoil in 
Tamil Nadu and on the Gujarat coast.
Based on their origin, resources can be 
abiotic or biotic. Abiotic resources are non-living 
while biotic resources are living. Soils, rocks and 
minerals are abiotic but plants and animals are 
biotic resources.
Natural resources can be broadly categorised into 
renewable and non-renewable resources.
Renewable resources are those which get renewed or 
replenished quickly. Some of these are unlimited and are 
not affected by human activities, such as solar and wind 
energy. Yet careless use of certain renewable resources 
like water, soil and forest can affect their stock. Water 
seems to be an unlimited renewable resource. But 
shortage and drying up of natural water sources is a 
major problem in many parts of the world today.
Non-renewable resources are those which have a 
limited stock. Once the stocks are exhausted it may 
take thousands of years to be renewed or replenished. 
Since this period is much more than human life spans, 
such resources are considered non-renewable. Coal, 
petroleum and natural gas are some examples.
On the basis of their distribution resources can be 
ubiquitous or localised.  Resources that are found 
everywhere like the air we breathe, are ubiquitous. 
But those which are found only in certain places are 
localised, like copper and iron ore.
The distribution of natural resources depends 
upon number of physical factors like terrain, climate 
and altitude. The distribution of resources is unequal 
because these factors differ so much over the earth.             
Fig. 1.1: Windmills
Glossary
Stock of Resource
It is the amount of 
resources available 
for use.
Let’s do
Think of a few 
renewable resources 
and mention how 
their stock may get 
affected by overuse.
4RESOURCES AND DEVELOPMENT
Human Made Resources 
Sometimes, natural substances become resources only 
when their original form has been changed. Iron ore 
was not a resource until people learnt to extract iron 
from it. People use natural resources to make buildings, 
bridges, roads, machinery and vehicles, which are 
known as human made resources. Technology is also 
a human made resource.
“So people like us use natural resources to make human 
made resources,” said Mona nodding in understanding. 
“Yes,” said Raju.
Human Resources
People can make the best use of nature to create more 
resources when they have the knowledge, skill and 
the technology to do so. That is why human beings 
are a special resource. People are human resources.
Education and health help in making people a valuable 
resource. Improving the quality of people’s skills so 
that they are able to create more resources is known as 
human resource development.
“…its all thanks 
to the knowledge, 
education and 
skill… we could find 
a solution… 
that’s it!
“Crops ruined
due to 
drought”.
“Can I find
a solution?”. 
Let’s do
Make a list of 
five human made 
resources that you 
can observe around 
you.
Do you know? 
Human Resource 
refer to the number 
(quantity) and 
abilities (mental 
and physical) 
of the people. 
Though, there are 
differing views 
regarding treatment 
of humans as 
a resource, one 
cannot deny the 
fact that it is 
the abilities of 
human that help 
in transfering the 
physical material 
into valuable 
resource.
Read and Ponder: Humans are interdependent on 
each other. Farmers provide food grains for every one. 
Scientists suggest various means to combat problems
related to agriculture and improve farm production. 
RESOURCES 5
CONSERVING RESOURCES
Mona had a nightmare. She 
dreamt that all the water on 
the earth had dried up and all 
the trees cut down. There was 
no shade and nothing to eat or 
drink. People were suffering and 
roaming around desperately 
looking for food and shade. 
She told her mother about 
the dream. “Amma can this really 
happen?” she asked.
“Yes,” Amma replied. “If we 
are not careful then even renewable 
resources can become very scarce and the
non- renewable ones can definitely get exhausted”. “What 
can we do about it,” Raju asked. “Lots,” replied Amma. 
Using resources carefully and giving them time to 
get renewed is called resource conservation. Balancing 
the need to use resources and also conserve them for 
the future is called sustainable development. There 
are many ways of conserving resources. Each person 
can contribute by reducing consumption, recycling and 
reusing thing. Ultimately it makes a difference because 
all our lives are linked. 
That evening the children and their friends made 
packets and shopping bags out of old 
newspapers, discarded clothes and baskets 
from bamboo sticks. “We will give a few to every 
family we know,” said Mona. “After all it is for 
a very good cause,” said Mustafa, “To save our 
resources and to keep our earth alive”. 
“I am going to be very careful not to waste 
paper,” said Jessy. “Many trees are cut down 
to make paper,” she explained.
“I will see that electricity is not wasted in 
my house,” shouted Mustafa. “Electricity comes 
from water and coal.”
Glossary
Sustainable
Development
Carefully utilising 
resources so that 
besides meeting 
the requirements 
of the present, also 
takes care of future 
generations.
Read More
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study material

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