NCERT Textbook - Role of Government in Health Class 7 Notes | EduRev

NCERT Textbooks (Class 6 to Class 12)

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Class 7 : NCERT Textbook - Role of Government in Health Class 7 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


In a democracy people expect the
government to work for their welfare. This
could be through the provision of
education, health, employment, housing
or the development of roads, electricity
etc. In this chapter we shall examine the
meanings and problems related to health.
Look at the sub-headings of this chapter.
In what ways do you think this topic is
related to the work of government?
2
CHAPTER
Role of the Role of the Role of the Role of the Role of the
Government Government Government Government Government
in Health in Health in Health in Health in Health
2015-16 (12-01-15)
Page 2


In a democracy people expect the
government to work for their welfare. This
could be through the provision of
education, health, employment, housing
or the development of roads, electricity
etc. In this chapter we shall examine the
meanings and problems related to health.
Look at the sub-headings of this chapter.
In what ways do you think this topic is
related to the work of government?
2
CHAPTER
Role of the Role of the Role of the Role of the Role of the
Government Government Government Government Government
in Health in Health in Health in Health in Health
2015-16 (12-01-15)
What is health?
We can think of health in many ways. Health means
our ability to remain free of illness and injuries. But
health isn’t only about disease. You may have
associated only some of the situations in the above
collage with health. What we often ignore is the fact
that each of the above situations is related to health.
Apart from disease, we need to think of other factors
that affect our health. For example, if people get clean
drinking water or a pollution free environment they
are likely to be healthy. On the other hand, if people
do not get adequate food to eat or have to live in
cramped conditions, they will be prone to illness.
All of us would like to be active and in good spirits
in whatever we may be doing. It isn’t healthy to be
dull, inactive, anxious or scared for long stretches of
time. We all need to be without mental strain. All of
these various aspects of our lives are a part of health.
Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above
collage that are not related to collage that are not related to collage that are not related to collage that are not related to collage that are not related to
illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on
how they are related to health. how they are related to health. how they are related to health. how they are related to health. how they are related to health.
Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of
these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In
what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups.
19
Chapter 2: Role of the Government in Health
2015-16 (12-01-15)
Page 3


In a democracy people expect the
government to work for their welfare. This
could be through the provision of
education, health, employment, housing
or the development of roads, electricity
etc. In this chapter we shall examine the
meanings and problems related to health.
Look at the sub-headings of this chapter.
In what ways do you think this topic is
related to the work of government?
2
CHAPTER
Role of the Role of the Role of the Role of the Role of the
Government Government Government Government Government
in Health in Health in Health in Health in Health
2015-16 (12-01-15)
What is health?
We can think of health in many ways. Health means
our ability to remain free of illness and injuries. But
health isn’t only about disease. You may have
associated only some of the situations in the above
collage with health. What we often ignore is the fact
that each of the above situations is related to health.
Apart from disease, we need to think of other factors
that affect our health. For example, if people get clean
drinking water or a pollution free environment they
are likely to be healthy. On the other hand, if people
do not get adequate food to eat or have to live in
cramped conditions, they will be prone to illness.
All of us would like to be active and in good spirits
in whatever we may be doing. It isn’t healthy to be
dull, inactive, anxious or scared for long stretches of
time. We all need to be without mental strain. All of
these various aspects of our lives are a part of health.
Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above
collage that are not related to collage that are not related to collage that are not related to collage that are not related to collage that are not related to
illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on
how they are related to health. how they are related to health. how they are related to health. how they are related to health. how they are related to health.
Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of
these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In
what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups.
19
Chapter 2: Role of the Government in Health
2015-16 (12-01-15)
20 Social and Political Life
In India, it is often said that we In India, it is often said that we In India, it is often said that we In India, it is often said that we In India, it is often said that we
are unable to provide health are unable to provide health are unable to provide health are unable to provide health are unable to provide health
services for all because the services for all because the services for all because the services for all because the services for all because the
government does not have enough government does not have enough government does not have enough government does not have enough government does not have enough
money and facilities. After reading money and facilities. After reading money and facilities. After reading money and facilities. After reading money and facilities. After reading
the above left hand column, do the above left hand column, do the above left hand column, do the above left hand column, do the above left hand column, do
you think this is true? Discuss. you think this is true? Discuss. you think this is true? Discuss. you think this is true? Discuss. you think this is true? Discuss.
Can you provide a title to these Can you provide a title to these Can you provide a title to these Can you provide a title to these Can you provide a title to these
columns? columns? columns? columns? columns?
India has the largest number of medical Most doctors settle in urban areas.
colleges in the world and is among the People in rural areas have to travel long
largest producers of doctors. distances to reach a doctor .  The number
Approximately15,000 new doctors qualify of doctors with respect to the population is
every year. much less in rural areas.
Healthcare facilities have grown About five lakh people die from tuberculosis
substantially over the years. In 1950, every year.  This number is almost
there were only 2,717 hospitals in India. unchanged since Independence!
In 1991, there were 11,174 hospitals. In Almost two million cases of malaria are
2000, the number grew to 18,218. reported every year and this number isn’t
decreasing.
India gets a large number of medical We are not able to provide clean drinking
tourists from many countries. They come water to all. 21per cent of all
for treatment in some of the hospitals in communicable diseases are water borne.
India that compare with the best in the world. For example, diarrhoea, worms, hepatitis, etc.
India is the fourth largest producer of Half of all children  in India do not
medicines in the world and is also a large get  adequate food to eat and are
exporter of medicines. undernourished.
Healthcare in India
Let us examine some of the aspects of healthcare in
India. Compare and contrast the situation expressed
in the first and second columns.
 In order to prevent and treat illnesses we need
appropriate healthcare facilities such as health
centres, hospitals, laboratories for testing,
ambulance services, blood banks, etc., that can
provide the required care and services that patients
need. In order to run such facilities we need health
workers, nurses, qualified doctors and other health
professionals who can advice, diagnose and treat
illnesses. We also need the medicines and equipment
that are necessary for treating patients. These
facilities are required to take care of us.
2015-16 (12-01-15)
Page 4


In a democracy people expect the
government to work for their welfare. This
could be through the provision of
education, health, employment, housing
or the development of roads, electricity
etc. In this chapter we shall examine the
meanings and problems related to health.
Look at the sub-headings of this chapter.
In what ways do you think this topic is
related to the work of government?
2
CHAPTER
Role of the Role of the Role of the Role of the Role of the
Government Government Government Government Government
in Health in Health in Health in Health in Health
2015-16 (12-01-15)
What is health?
We can think of health in many ways. Health means
our ability to remain free of illness and injuries. But
health isn’t only about disease. You may have
associated only some of the situations in the above
collage with health. What we often ignore is the fact
that each of the above situations is related to health.
Apart from disease, we need to think of other factors
that affect our health. For example, if people get clean
drinking water or a pollution free environment they
are likely to be healthy. On the other hand, if people
do not get adequate food to eat or have to live in
cramped conditions, they will be prone to illness.
All of us would like to be active and in good spirits
in whatever we may be doing. It isn’t healthy to be
dull, inactive, anxious or scared for long stretches of
time. We all need to be without mental strain. All of
these various aspects of our lives are a part of health.
Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above
collage that are not related to collage that are not related to collage that are not related to collage that are not related to collage that are not related to
illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on
how they are related to health. how they are related to health. how they are related to health. how they are related to health. how they are related to health.
Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of
these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In
what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups.
19
Chapter 2: Role of the Government in Health
2015-16 (12-01-15)
20 Social and Political Life
In India, it is often said that we In India, it is often said that we In India, it is often said that we In India, it is often said that we In India, it is often said that we
are unable to provide health are unable to provide health are unable to provide health are unable to provide health are unable to provide health
services for all because the services for all because the services for all because the services for all because the services for all because the
government does not have enough government does not have enough government does not have enough government does not have enough government does not have enough
money and facilities. After reading money and facilities. After reading money and facilities. After reading money and facilities. After reading money and facilities. After reading
the above left hand column, do the above left hand column, do the above left hand column, do the above left hand column, do the above left hand column, do
you think this is true? Discuss. you think this is true? Discuss. you think this is true? Discuss. you think this is true? Discuss. you think this is true? Discuss.
Can you provide a title to these Can you provide a title to these Can you provide a title to these Can you provide a title to these Can you provide a title to these
columns? columns? columns? columns? columns?
India has the largest number of medical Most doctors settle in urban areas.
colleges in the world and is among the People in rural areas have to travel long
largest producers of doctors. distances to reach a doctor .  The number
Approximately15,000 new doctors qualify of doctors with respect to the population is
every year. much less in rural areas.
Healthcare facilities have grown About five lakh people die from tuberculosis
substantially over the years. In 1950, every year.  This number is almost
there were only 2,717 hospitals in India. unchanged since Independence!
In 1991, there were 11,174 hospitals. In Almost two million cases of malaria are
2000, the number grew to 18,218. reported every year and this number isn’t
decreasing.
India gets a large number of medical We are not able to provide clean drinking
tourists from many countries. They come water to all. 21per cent of all
for treatment in some of the hospitals in communicable diseases are water borne.
India that compare with the best in the world. For example, diarrhoea, worms, hepatitis, etc.
India is the fourth largest producer of Half of all children  in India do not
medicines in the world and is also a large get  adequate food to eat and are
exporter of medicines. undernourished.
Healthcare in India
Let us examine some of the aspects of healthcare in
India. Compare and contrast the situation expressed
in the first and second columns.
 In order to prevent and treat illnesses we need
appropriate healthcare facilities such as health
centres, hospitals, laboratories for testing,
ambulance services, blood banks, etc., that can
provide the required care and services that patients
need. In order to run such facilities we need health
workers, nurses, qualified doctors and other health
professionals who can advice, diagnose and treat
illnesses. We also need the medicines and equipment
that are necessary for treating patients. These
facilities are required to take care of us.
2015-16 (12-01-15)
21
Hakim Sheik was a member of the Paschim Banga Khet Mazdoor Samity (PBKMS), an organisation
of agricultural labourers in West Bengal. One evening in 1992, he accidentally fell off a running
train and suffered head injuries. He was in a very serious condition and needed immediate
treatment.
He was taken to a government hospital in Kolkata but they refused to admit him because they
did not have a spare bed. Another hospital did not have the facility or the specialised doctors
necessary for his treatment. In this way he spent 14 hours in a critical state and was taken to
eight different government hospitals, but none of them admitted him.
Finally, he was admitted in a private hospital, where he received treatment. He spent a lot of
money on his treatment. Angry and upset over the indifferent attitude of all the hospitals that
refused to admit him, Hakim Sheik and PBKMS filed a case in the court.
The story of Hakim Sheik
Read the story given above. Then Read the story given above. Then Read the story given above. Then Read the story given above. Then Read the story given above. Then
imagine that you are a Judge in imagine that you are a Judge in imagine that you are a Judge in imagine that you are a Judge in imagine that you are a Judge in
the court. What would you say to the court. What would you say to the court. What would you say to the court. What would you say to the court. What would you say to
Hakim Sheik? Hakim Sheik? Hakim Sheik? Hakim Sheik? Hakim Sheik?
Patients usually have to wait in long
queues in public hospitals, like this one.
India has a large number of doctors, clinics and
hospitals. The country also has considerable
experience and knowledge in running a public
healthcare system. This is a system of hospitals and
health centres run by the government. It has the
ability to look after the health of a large section of its
population scattered over hundreds of thousands of
villages. We will go into more detail on this later.
Moreover, there has been a phenomenal
advancement in medical sciences whereby many new
technologies and treatment procedures are available
in the country.
However, the second column points out how poor
the health situation in our country is. With all the
above positive developments we are not able to
provide proper healthcare facilities to people. This is
the paradox – something that is contrary to what we
would expect. Our country has the money, knowledge
and people with experience but cannot make the
necessary healthcare available to all. In this chapter,
we will look at some of the reasons for this.
Chapter 2: Role of the Government in Health
2015-16 (12-01-15)
Page 5


In a democracy people expect the
government to work for their welfare. This
could be through the provision of
education, health, employment, housing
or the development of roads, electricity
etc. In this chapter we shall examine the
meanings and problems related to health.
Look at the sub-headings of this chapter.
In what ways do you think this topic is
related to the work of government?
2
CHAPTER
Role of the Role of the Role of the Role of the Role of the
Government Government Government Government Government
in Health in Health in Health in Health in Health
2015-16 (12-01-15)
What is health?
We can think of health in many ways. Health means
our ability to remain free of illness and injuries. But
health isn’t only about disease. You may have
associated only some of the situations in the above
collage with health. What we often ignore is the fact
that each of the above situations is related to health.
Apart from disease, we need to think of other factors
that affect our health. For example, if people get clean
drinking water or a pollution free environment they
are likely to be healthy. On the other hand, if people
do not get adequate food to eat or have to live in
cramped conditions, they will be prone to illness.
All of us would like to be active and in good spirits
in whatever we may be doing. It isn’t healthy to be
dull, inactive, anxious or scared for long stretches of
time. We all need to be without mental strain. All of
these various aspects of our lives are a part of health.
Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above Pick two situations from the above
collage that are not related to collage that are not related to collage that are not related to collage that are not related to collage that are not related to
illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on illness and write two sentences on
how they are related to health. how they are related to health. how they are related to health. how they are related to health. how they are related to health.
Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of Would you associate all or some of
these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In these pictures with ‘health’ ? In
what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups. what ways? Discuss in groups.
19
Chapter 2: Role of the Government in Health
2015-16 (12-01-15)
20 Social and Political Life
In India, it is often said that we In India, it is often said that we In India, it is often said that we In India, it is often said that we In India, it is often said that we
are unable to provide health are unable to provide health are unable to provide health are unable to provide health are unable to provide health
services for all because the services for all because the services for all because the services for all because the services for all because the
government does not have enough government does not have enough government does not have enough government does not have enough government does not have enough
money and facilities. After reading money and facilities. After reading money and facilities. After reading money and facilities. After reading money and facilities. After reading
the above left hand column, do the above left hand column, do the above left hand column, do the above left hand column, do the above left hand column, do
you think this is true? Discuss. you think this is true? Discuss. you think this is true? Discuss. you think this is true? Discuss. you think this is true? Discuss.
Can you provide a title to these Can you provide a title to these Can you provide a title to these Can you provide a title to these Can you provide a title to these
columns? columns? columns? columns? columns?
India has the largest number of medical Most doctors settle in urban areas.
colleges in the world and is among the People in rural areas have to travel long
largest producers of doctors. distances to reach a doctor .  The number
Approximately15,000 new doctors qualify of doctors with respect to the population is
every year. much less in rural areas.
Healthcare facilities have grown About five lakh people die from tuberculosis
substantially over the years. In 1950, every year.  This number is almost
there were only 2,717 hospitals in India. unchanged since Independence!
In 1991, there were 11,174 hospitals. In Almost two million cases of malaria are
2000, the number grew to 18,218. reported every year and this number isn’t
decreasing.
India gets a large number of medical We are not able to provide clean drinking
tourists from many countries. They come water to all. 21per cent of all
for treatment in some of the hospitals in communicable diseases are water borne.
India that compare with the best in the world. For example, diarrhoea, worms, hepatitis, etc.
India is the fourth largest producer of Half of all children  in India do not
medicines in the world and is also a large get  adequate food to eat and are
exporter of medicines. undernourished.
Healthcare in India
Let us examine some of the aspects of healthcare in
India. Compare and contrast the situation expressed
in the first and second columns.
 In order to prevent and treat illnesses we need
appropriate healthcare facilities such as health
centres, hospitals, laboratories for testing,
ambulance services, blood banks, etc., that can
provide the required care and services that patients
need. In order to run such facilities we need health
workers, nurses, qualified doctors and other health
professionals who can advice, diagnose and treat
illnesses. We also need the medicines and equipment
that are necessary for treating patients. These
facilities are required to take care of us.
2015-16 (12-01-15)
21
Hakim Sheik was a member of the Paschim Banga Khet Mazdoor Samity (PBKMS), an organisation
of agricultural labourers in West Bengal. One evening in 1992, he accidentally fell off a running
train and suffered head injuries. He was in a very serious condition and needed immediate
treatment.
He was taken to a government hospital in Kolkata but they refused to admit him because they
did not have a spare bed. Another hospital did not have the facility or the specialised doctors
necessary for his treatment. In this way he spent 14 hours in a critical state and was taken to
eight different government hospitals, but none of them admitted him.
Finally, he was admitted in a private hospital, where he received treatment. He spent a lot of
money on his treatment. Angry and upset over the indifferent attitude of all the hospitals that
refused to admit him, Hakim Sheik and PBKMS filed a case in the court.
The story of Hakim Sheik
Read the story given above. Then Read the story given above. Then Read the story given above. Then Read the story given above. Then Read the story given above. Then
imagine that you are a Judge in imagine that you are a Judge in imagine that you are a Judge in imagine that you are a Judge in imagine that you are a Judge in
the court. What would you say to the court. What would you say to the court. What would you say to the court. What would you say to the court. What would you say to
Hakim Sheik? Hakim Sheik? Hakim Sheik? Hakim Sheik? Hakim Sheik?
Patients usually have to wait in long
queues in public hospitals, like this one.
India has a large number of doctors, clinics and
hospitals. The country also has considerable
experience and knowledge in running a public
healthcare system. This is a system of hospitals and
health centres run by the government. It has the
ability to look after the health of a large section of its
population scattered over hundreds of thousands of
villages. We will go into more detail on this later.
Moreover, there has been a phenomenal
advancement in medical sciences whereby many new
technologies and treatment procedures are available
in the country.
However, the second column points out how poor
the health situation in our country is. With all the
above positive developments we are not able to
provide proper healthcare facilities to people. This is
the paradox – something that is contrary to what we
would expect. Our country has the money, knowledge
and people with experience but cannot make the
necessary healthcare available to all. In this chapter,
we will look at some of the reasons for this.
Chapter 2: Role of the Government in Health
2015-16 (12-01-15)
THE COST OF A CURE
Aman and Ranjan are good friends. While Ranjan
comes from a well-to-do family, Aman’s parents have
to struggle to make ends meet...
Hi Aman! Good to
see you back! How have
you been?
I had viral fever and
had to go to the
hospital...
Oh! Me, too! I just got back to
school on Monday. My Daddy
took me to see the doctor
at the new hospital in
Kingsway. It was very exciting!
The building looked so posh. I thought it
was a five star hotel! Daddy said that was
because it was a private hospital, with the
best of facilities.
Daddy had to pay Rs 500 at the reception counter
itself – before we even met the doctor! There was
nice music playing and everything was really clean
and shiny.
The doctor asked for many tests...but
everyone was so friendly! The lady who took
my blood for testing told me so many jokes
that I forgot to feel the pain!
...and have you
heard the one
about Batman
on Reality TV?
After the test results came, we went back to the
doctor. He looked through them and said everything
was fine, and I only had viral fever. He prescribed lots
of medicines and rest.
...and so young man – this pink pill should be
taken three times a day, and the white tablet
once before bed time – that’s for the
bodyache! This one is a syrup – don’t
worry , it’s tasty
Thank you
Doctor...I feel
better
already!
2015-16 (12-01-15)
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