NCERT Textbook - Role of Government in Health Class 7 Notes | EduRev

NCERT Textbooks (Class 6 to Class 12)

UPSC : NCERT Textbook - Role of Government in Health Class 7 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


16
UNIT
TWO
2020-21
Page 2


16
UNIT
TWO
2020-21
17
State Government
Teacher’s note
These two chapters (Chapters 2 and 3) on
State Government are an attempt to
discuss the functions and structure of
government through concrete situations.
We have chosen ‘health’ as an example;
there could have been other, equally
important, choices.
Chapter 2 discusses ‘health’ as an
important issue for people. There are both
public and private aspects of health
provisioning. Healthcare in India is not
available to all. While the Constitution
supports a view that the right to health is
an aspect of our fundamental rights, its
provisioning is rather unequal. Through
the accounts provided, learners will begin
to visualise the ideal or desired role of
government, and the meanings behind its
structures. Some ways in which this
situation can be changed are also
discussed.
Chapter 3 focuses on how the
government functions, and discusses ideas
of representation, accountability and
public welfare. Though both the executive
and the legislature are presented, one
should not expect students to retain fine
distinctions. It would be best to patiently
encourage them to ask questions such as,
“Who is the most powerful person?”, “Why
can’t the MLA solve the problem?”, etc.
Such queries will enable them to construct
a sense of the government apparatus.
It is important that learners acquire the
confidence to express their views on public
issues and understand the role of
government through the exercises given in
the chapters. You could choose familiar
issues such as water, transport, school-
fees, books, child-labour, etc., for them to
discuss and arrive at how these problems
need to be tackled. Allow them to express
these ideas through wall charts. Given that
discussions on the government and its
functioning often lead to boredom and
cynicism, we need to be able to make
the classroom session less didactic and
more interactive while teaching these
lessons.
17
2020-21
Page 3


16
UNIT
TWO
2020-21
17
State Government
Teacher’s note
These two chapters (Chapters 2 and 3) on
State Government are an attempt to
discuss the functions and structure of
government through concrete situations.
We have chosen ‘health’ as an example;
there could have been other, equally
important, choices.
Chapter 2 discusses ‘health’ as an
important issue for people. There are both
public and private aspects of health
provisioning. Healthcare in India is not
available to all. While the Constitution
supports a view that the right to health is
an aspect of our fundamental rights, its
provisioning is rather unequal. Through
the accounts provided, learners will begin
to visualise the ideal or desired role of
government, and the meanings behind its
structures. Some ways in which this
situation can be changed are also
discussed.
Chapter 3 focuses on how the
government functions, and discusses ideas
of representation, accountability and
public welfare. Though both the executive
and the legislature are presented, one
should not expect students to retain fine
distinctions. It would be best to patiently
encourage them to ask questions such as,
“Who is the most powerful person?”, “Why
can’t the MLA solve the problem?”, etc.
Such queries will enable them to construct
a sense of the government apparatus.
It is important that learners acquire the
confidence to express their views on public
issues and understand the role of
government through the exercises given in
the chapters. You could choose familiar
issues such as water, transport, school-
fees, books, child-labour, etc., for them to
discuss and arrive at how these problems
need to be tackled. Allow them to express
these ideas through wall charts. Given that
discussions on the government and its
functioning often lead to boredom and
cynicism, we need to be able to make
the classroom session less didactic and
more interactive while teaching these
lessons.
17
2020-21
18 Social and Political Life
In a democracy people expect the
government to work for their welfare. This
could be through the provision of
education, health, employment, housing
or the development of roads, electricity
etc. In this chapter we shall examine the
meanings and problems related to health.
Look at the sub-headings of this chapter.
In what ways do you think this topic is
related to the work of government?
2
CHAPTER
Role of the
Government
in Health
2020-21
Page 4


16
UNIT
TWO
2020-21
17
State Government
Teacher’s note
These two chapters (Chapters 2 and 3) on
State Government are an attempt to
discuss the functions and structure of
government through concrete situations.
We have chosen ‘health’ as an example;
there could have been other, equally
important, choices.
Chapter 2 discusses ‘health’ as an
important issue for people. There are both
public and private aspects of health
provisioning. Healthcare in India is not
available to all. While the Constitution
supports a view that the right to health is
an aspect of our fundamental rights, its
provisioning is rather unequal. Through
the accounts provided, learners will begin
to visualise the ideal or desired role of
government, and the meanings behind its
structures. Some ways in which this
situation can be changed are also
discussed.
Chapter 3 focuses on how the
government functions, and discusses ideas
of representation, accountability and
public welfare. Though both the executive
and the legislature are presented, one
should not expect students to retain fine
distinctions. It would be best to patiently
encourage them to ask questions such as,
“Who is the most powerful person?”, “Why
can’t the MLA solve the problem?”, etc.
Such queries will enable them to construct
a sense of the government apparatus.
It is important that learners acquire the
confidence to express their views on public
issues and understand the role of
government through the exercises given in
the chapters. You could choose familiar
issues such as water, transport, school-
fees, books, child-labour, etc., for them to
discuss and arrive at how these problems
need to be tackled. Allow them to express
these ideas through wall charts. Given that
discussions on the government and its
functioning often lead to boredom and
cynicism, we need to be able to make
the classroom session less didactic and
more interactive while teaching these
lessons.
17
2020-21
18 Social and Political Life
In a democracy people expect the
government to work for their welfare. This
could be through the provision of
education, health, employment, housing
or the development of roads, electricity
etc. In this chapter we shall examine the
meanings and problems related to health.
Look at the sub-headings of this chapter.
In what ways do you think this topic is
related to the work of government?
2
CHAPTER
Role of the
Government
in Health
2020-21
19
What is health?
We can think of health in many ways. Health means
our ability to remain free of illness and injuries. But
health isn’t only about disease. You may have
associated only some of the situations in the above
collage with health. What we often ignore is the fact
that each of the above situations is related to health.
Apart from disease, we need to think of other factors
that affect our health. For example, if people get clean
drinking water or a pollution free environment they
are likely to be healthy. On the other hand, if people
do not get adequate food to eat or have to live in
cramped conditions, they will be prone to illness.
All of us would like to be active and in good spirits
in whatever we may be doing. It isn’t healthy to be
dull, inactive, anxious or scared for long stretches of
time. We all need to be without mental strain. All of
these various aspects of our lives are a part of health.
Pick two situations from the above
collage that are not related to
illness and write two sentences on
how they are related to health.
Would you associate all or some of
these pictures with ‘health’ ? In
what ways? Discuss in groups.
19 Chapter 2: Role of the Government in Health
2020-21
Page 5


16
UNIT
TWO
2020-21
17
State Government
Teacher’s note
These two chapters (Chapters 2 and 3) on
State Government are an attempt to
discuss the functions and structure of
government through concrete situations.
We have chosen ‘health’ as an example;
there could have been other, equally
important, choices.
Chapter 2 discusses ‘health’ as an
important issue for people. There are both
public and private aspects of health
provisioning. Healthcare in India is not
available to all. While the Constitution
supports a view that the right to health is
an aspect of our fundamental rights, its
provisioning is rather unequal. Through
the accounts provided, learners will begin
to visualise the ideal or desired role of
government, and the meanings behind its
structures. Some ways in which this
situation can be changed are also
discussed.
Chapter 3 focuses on how the
government functions, and discusses ideas
of representation, accountability and
public welfare. Though both the executive
and the legislature are presented, one
should not expect students to retain fine
distinctions. It would be best to patiently
encourage them to ask questions such as,
“Who is the most powerful person?”, “Why
can’t the MLA solve the problem?”, etc.
Such queries will enable them to construct
a sense of the government apparatus.
It is important that learners acquire the
confidence to express their views on public
issues and understand the role of
government through the exercises given in
the chapters. You could choose familiar
issues such as water, transport, school-
fees, books, child-labour, etc., for them to
discuss and arrive at how these problems
need to be tackled. Allow them to express
these ideas through wall charts. Given that
discussions on the government and its
functioning often lead to boredom and
cynicism, we need to be able to make
the classroom session less didactic and
more interactive while teaching these
lessons.
17
2020-21
18 Social and Political Life
In a democracy people expect the
government to work for their welfare. This
could be through the provision of
education, health, employment, housing
or the development of roads, electricity
etc. In this chapter we shall examine the
meanings and problems related to health.
Look at the sub-headings of this chapter.
In what ways do you think this topic is
related to the work of government?
2
CHAPTER
Role of the
Government
in Health
2020-21
19
What is health?
We can think of health in many ways. Health means
our ability to remain free of illness and injuries. But
health isn’t only about disease. You may have
associated only some of the situations in the above
collage with health. What we often ignore is the fact
that each of the above situations is related to health.
Apart from disease, we need to think of other factors
that affect our health. For example, if people get clean
drinking water or a pollution free environment they
are likely to be healthy. On the other hand, if people
do not get adequate food to eat or have to live in
cramped conditions, they will be prone to illness.
All of us would like to be active and in good spirits
in whatever we may be doing. It isn’t healthy to be
dull, inactive, anxious or scared for long stretches of
time. We all need to be without mental strain. All of
these various aspects of our lives are a part of health.
Pick two situations from the above
collage that are not related to
illness and write two sentences on
how they are related to health.
Would you associate all or some of
these pictures with ‘health’ ? In
what ways? Discuss in groups.
19 Chapter 2: Role of the Government in Health
2020-21
20 Social and Political Life
In India, it is often said that we
are unable to provide health
services for all because the
government does not have enough
money and facilities. After reading
the above left hand column, do
you think this is true? Discuss.
Can you provide a title to these
columns?
India has the largest number of medical Most doctors settle in urban areas.
colleges in the world and is among the People in rural areas have to travel long
largest producers of doctors. distances to reach a doctor.  The number
Approximately more than 30,000 new doctors of doctors with respect to the population
qualify is every year. much less in rural areas.
Healthcare facilities have grown About five lakh people die from tuberculosis
substantially over the years. In 1950, every year.  This number is almost
there were only 2,717 government hospitals unchanged since Independence!
in India. In 1991, there were 11,174 hospitals. Almost two million cases of malaria are
In 2017, the number grew to 23,583. reported every year and this number isn’t
decreasing.
India gets a large number of medical We are not able to provide clean drinking
tourists from many countries. They come water to all. 21per cent of all
for treatment in some of the hospitals in communicable diseases are water borne.
India that compare with the best in the world. For example, diarrhoea, worms, hepatitis, etc.
India is the third largest producer of Half of all children  in India do not
medicines in the world and is also a large get  adequate food to eat and are
exporter of medicines. undernourished.
Healthcare in India
Let us examine some of the aspects of healthcare
in India. Compare and contrast the situation
expressed in the first and second columns.
 In order to prevent and treat illnesses we need
appropriate healthcare facilities such as health
centres, hospitals, laboratories for testing,
ambulance services, blood banks, etc., that can
provide the required care and services that patients
need. In order to run such facilities we need health
workers, nurses, qualified doctors and other health
professionals who can advice, diagnose and treat
illnesses. We also need the medicines and equipment
that are necessary for treating patients. These
facilities are required to take care of us.
2020-21
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