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Practice Questions: Fact, Inference, and Judgment Notes | Study Logical Reasoning for CLAT - CLAT

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Question.1. Mark the following statement with F, I, and J for Fact, Inference, and Judgement respectively.
Statement I. The re-election of Barrack Obama shows that skin colour is of lesser significance in electing the head of state of the most popular country in the world. 

Statement II. Today, even demographically small countries like Sweden, Norway and Finland are becoming culturally and ethnically diverse. 

Statement III. Justice delayed is Justice denied. 

Statement IV. Nothing makes an Indian happy more than Sachin Tendulkar scoring a century.

(a) FJJI
(b) IFJJ
(c) IFJI 

(d) FJJF

Ans. (b)

Explanation:

  • ‘The re-election of Barrack Obama’ is fact whereas the remaining part is the inference. i.e. statement I is an inference.
  • Statement II is a verifiable fact.
  • Statement III and IV is only an opinion and not a verifiable fact.

Question.2. Mark the following statement with F, I, and J for Fact, Inference, and Judgement respectively.
Statement I. Those who do not read good books have no advantage over those who can not. 

Statement II. ‘Bring up the Bodies’ was the second part of a planned trilogy of novels by Hilary Mantel, charting the rise and fall of Thomas Cromwell, the powerful minister in the court of King Henry VIII.

Statement III. The violence of 1947 must not be divorced from the larger context of that time.

Statement IV. As India grows population-wise as well as culturally, the larger issues like poverty alleviation and urban redevelopment should not be ignored.

(a) FFJJ 

(b) FJJF 

(c) FJFJ 

(d) JFJJ

Ans. (d)

Explanation:

  • Statement I is an individual opinion i.e. judgement.

  • Statement II is a fact that can be independently verified.

  • Statement III is the opinion of the author, and thus, only a judgment.

  • Statement IV, ‘Should not be’ makes it an opinion, and thus, only a judgment.

Question for Practice Questions: Fact, Inference, and Judgment
Try yourself:(A) Fox News has decided to cut ties with Ben Carlson, due to his bid for standing as a presidential nominee in the 2016 American elections. 
(B) The new Chief Minister of Goa, being an elite college passout might improve the public image of the government facing backlash for inducting ministers who’re not even 10th pass.
(C) If you exercise regularly, you’ll experience weight loss. 
(D) I’m sure to become the captain of my school’s cricket team.
View Solution

Question for Practice Questions: Fact, Inference, and Judgment
Try yourself:(A) Because Vishal stayed indoors all the time and played games on the internet, his physical fitness was at an extremely dismal level. 
(B) The marketing initiatives of McDonalds in India will go a long way towards diluting its beef selling company image. 
(C) The decade long Civil War of Nepal, which claimed almost 17,000 lives came to an end with the beginning of the peace process. 
(D) Ever since the much needed amendment came into force, corruption has decreased in the country. 
View Solution

Question for Practice Questions: Fact, Inference, and Judgment
Try yourself:(A) Tokyo is more populated than Delhi and yet 80% of its people use public transport, including buses and metro rail 
(B) One shouldn’t be hopelessly addicted to social networking websites. 
(C) About 16 million children in the age group 6 to 14 years are out of school. 
(D) One bottle of an energy drink contains enough caffeine to keep you awake all night.
View Solution

Question.3. Mark the following statement with F, I, and J for Fact, Inference, and Judgement respectively.
Statement I. Cricket is akin to a religion in India. 

Statement II. The Berlin War, which divided West Berlin and East Germany, lasted from 1961 to 1989 and came to symbolize the boundary between democracy and communism during the Cold War. 

Statement III. Delhi has recently decided to add 20,000 buses, which will lead to decrease in traffic woes.

Statement IV. Epidemics and pandemics are like Earthquakes. Tragic, inevitable and unpredictable.

(a) JFJJ

(b) FFIJ 

(c) JFIJ 

(d) JFIF

Ans. (c)

Explanation:

  • Statement I is the opinion of the author, and not a fact. Thus, it is a judgment.

  • Statement II is an independently verifiable fact.

  • Statement III first half is a fact. The second half is an inference that is derived from the first half. Thus it is an inference.

  • Statement IV is the opinion of the author. Thus, it is a judgment.

Question.4. Mark the following statement with F, I, and J for Fact, Inference, and Judgement respectively.
Statement I. ‘Algebra of Infinite Justice’, a book by Arundhati Roy, discusses several perspectives of global and local concerns, among them one being the abuse of Nuclear bomb showoffs. 

Statement II. Reading a book a month for a year should lead to wisdom acquired otherwise only after meeting a lot of great men. 

Statement III. You never know what results your efforts are going to yield but you should keep going nevertheless. 

Statement IV. More people using auto rickshaws will be a strong step towards building a greener Delhi. 

(a) FIJJ

(b) IJJJ

(c) JJJJ 

(d) FJJJ

Ans. (d)

Explanation:

  • Statement I is an independently verifiable fact.

  • ‘Should lead to’ in Statement II makes it a judgment. (Note: ‘Would lead to’ would have made it an inference, as would denotes logical conclusion whereas should denotes something which may or may not be true and is only an opinion of the author’)

  • Statement III is only an individual opinion.

  • Statement IV is only an individual opinion.

Question for Practice Questions: Fact, Inference, and Judgment
Try yourself:(A) It is not widely known that Peter England is an Indian brand whereas Hindustan Unilever Limited is not. 
(B) India ranks 6th in terms of billionaires per country. It’s also home to 1/3rd of the world’s extreme poor. 
(C) The footprint warned Robinson Crusoe that there was someone else on the island. 
(D) One should always be on a lookout for a great mentor. 
View Solution

Question for Practice Questions: Fact, Inference, and Judgment
Try yourself:(A) One small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind. 
(B) One being asked why women undergraduate students are not given access to Maulana Azad Library, the ViceChancellor said ‘if undergraduate girls are allowed access, there would be ‘four times more boys’. 
(C) The unreasonable practice of female feticide has lead to India having a botched up male-female ratio. 
(D) Eleven women died and the same number were reported critical after undergoing faulty sterilization surgeries at a government organized family planning camp.
View Solution

Question for Practice Questions: Fact, Inference, and Judgment
Try yourself:(A) The Indian Hockey team defeated Australia in the summit class in Perth. 
(B) Though Gurdeep, the goalkeeper, played his role neatly, it was Sardara’s 2 goals which led Indian team to victory. 
(C) Experts have said that G.S. Chandy should play as a defender and not as a midfielder. 
(D) The win over Australia has led to the Indian hockey team climbing two places in the FIH Hockey Rankings.
View Solution

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