Prepositions - English Grammar Basics Verbal Notes | EduRev

English Grammar

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Verbal : Prepositions - English Grammar Basics Verbal Notes | EduRev

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Prepositions are words which show the relationship between a noun or a pronoun object and some other words in the sentence. They are always followed by nouns or pronouns. They are called "the biggest little words” in English because they have very important functions.

 

Three Groups of Prepositions:

a. Prepositions of place, position and direction.
b. Prepositions of time.
c. Prepositions for other relationships.

Prepositions - English Grammar Basics Verbal Notes | EduRev

 

Although prepositions are hard to generalize with separate rules, there is one simple rule about them. And, unlike most rules, this rule has no exceptions


Rule: 

They are always followed by a "noun", never followed by a verb.
By "noun" we include:
 

  1. Noun (dog, money, love) 
  2. Proper Noun (name) (London, Mary) 
  3. Pronoun (you, him, us)
  4. Noun Group (my first car)
  5. Gerund (swimming)


If we want to follow with a verb, we must use the "-ing" form which is really a gerund or verb in noun form. 

Prepositions - English Grammar Basics Verbal Notes | EduRev
 

Prepositions of Time / Place at, in, on

 

  1. At for a PRECISE TIME 
  2. In for MONTHS, YEARS, CENTURIES and LONG PERIODS 
  3. On for DAYS and Dates
     

Prepositions - English Grammar Basics Verbal Notes | EduRev

Notice that use of the prepositions of time in and on in these common expressions:

  1. In the morning /On Monday morning
  2. In the mornings / On Sunday mornings
  3. In the afternoon(s) / On Sunday afternoons
  4. In the evening(s) / On Friday evenings



When we say next, last, this, every we do not use at, in, on. 

I went to New York last June (not in last June)
She is coming back next Monday. (not on next Monday)
I go home every Easter . (not at every Easter) 
We'll call you this afternoon. (not in this afternoon) 

 

Place: at, in, on


In General: 
 

  1. At for a POINT (dog, money, love) 
  2. In for an ENCLOSED SPACE 
  3. On for a SURFACE 



Prepositions - English Grammar Basics Verbal Notes | EduRev


Some other common uses of at / on / in 

Prepositions - English Grammar Basics Verbal Notes | EduRev

Notice how we can use on a boat or in a boat depending on the type and the size of the particular boat/ship. 
 

More Prepositions

Prepositions - English Grammar Basics Verbal Notes | EduRevPrepositions - English Grammar Basics Verbal Notes | EduRev

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