Previous Year Questions - Sources of Energy Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Science Class 10

Class 10 : Previous Year Questions - Sources of Energy Class 10 Notes | EduRev

The document Previous Year Questions - Sources of Energy Class 10 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 10 Course Science Class 10.
All you need of Class 10 at this link: Class 10

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Q.1. Name any two elements that are used in fabricating solar cells.   [CBSE 2019]
Ans: Silicon and gallium.

Q.2.What are solar cells ? Explain the structure of solar panel. List two principal advantages associated with solar cells.   [CBSE 2019]
Ans: A solar cell is a device which converts solar energy directly into electricity.
Construction: The box of the solar cooker is made of non-conducting material e.g., plastic or fibre glass with thick inner walls. These walls are painted in black. A plane mirror is hinged on the top so that it reflects sunlight into the box.
Working: The purpose of the box is to increase the effective area for collection of solar energy.
Whole box is covered with glass sheets. These glass sheets prevent the loss of longer
wavelength infrared radiation from inside the box to outside.
Within two to three hours, the temperature inside rises to about 140 °C.
Previous Year Questions - Sources of Energy Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Q.3. ‘Bio-gas is an excellent fuel’. List four reasons to justify this statement.
Write the main constituent of this gas and state its percentage.   [CBSE 2019]
Ans
: (i) The four gases commonly present in bio-gas are methane, carbon dioxide, hydrogen and hydrogen sulphide.
(ii) Main advantages of using bio-gas over fossil fuels are as given below :
(1) Bio-gas is an excellent fuel as it contains upto 75% methane which burns without smoke.
(2) Bio-gas bums completely and leaves no residue i.e., ash.
(3) Bio-gas is a renewable, convenient and efficient source of energy, whose heating capacity is high.
(4) It gives us a safe method to dispose off wastes like animal dung, human excreta and other bio-wastes.

Q.4. Name any two nutrients that the spent slurry has in a bio-gas plant.   [CBSE 2019]
Ans: Nitrogen and phosphorous are two nutrients present in the spent slurry.

Q.5. Why is bio-gas considered an excellent fuel ?   [CBSE 2019]
Ans:
Bio-gas is an excellent fuel because it bums without smoke, leaves no residue ash and its heating capacity is high.

Q.6. What is a dam ? Why do we seek to build large dams ? While building large dams, which three main problems should particularly be addressed to maintain peace among local people ? Mention them.   [CBSE 2018]
Ans: A dam is a huge construction being done to obstruct the river flow at the place. As a result a large artificial lake is created there which can be used to store water.
We want to build large dams so as to store large amount of water, which can then be used to produce electricity by means of a hydropower plant.
While building large dams, following three main problems should particularly be addressed to maintain peace among local people :
(i) Construction of dam involves submergence of large areas of agricultural and forest land and human habitation.
(ii) Large eco systems are destroyed.
(iii) Problem of satisfactory rehabilitation of displaced people is a major problem.

Q.7.  Write the energy conversion that takes place in a hydropower plant.   [CBSE 2018]
Ans: The energy transformation taking place at hydropower plants is shown below:
Previous Year Questions - Sources of Energy Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Q.8. Name two constituents of biogas.   [CBSE 2018C]
Ans: Methane CH4, Hydrogen H2, carbon dioxide C02, hydrogen sulphide H2S.

Q.9. What is biogas? Describe the steps involved in obtaining biogas.   [CBSE Sample Paper 2018]
Ans: Biogas is mixture of methane, carbon-dioxide, hydrogen and hydrogen sulphide.
Following are the various steps involved in the biogas plant for obtaining biogas.

Q.10. Write the percentage of methane in bio-gas.   [CBSE 2016]
Ans: 
75% of bio-gas is methane.

Q.11. Mention three ways to reduce the pollution caused by fossil fuels.   [CBSE 2016]
Ans: Three possible ways to reduce the pollution caused by fossil fuels are :
(i) Increase the efficiency of the combustion process.
(ii) Adequate techniques must be employed so as to reduce the escape of harmful gases and ash into the surroundings.
(iii) The fossil fuel may be used to generate electricity, which can then be conveniently used in homes and industry.

Q.12. Explain the term ‘tidal energy’. How is electricity produced from tidal energy ?   [CBSE 2016]
Ans:
Tidal energy is the kinetic energy possessed by the rising and falling water in seas and oceans during high and low tides respectively. To harness tidal energy, a dam is constructed across a narrow opening to the sea. The water moves in and out of the openings in the dam during high and low tides. As the water moves through the openings, it flows over the turbines fixed inside the dam that generate electricity.

Q.13. (i) Name the four gases commonly present in bio-gas.
(ii) List two advantages o f using bio-gas over fossil fuels.   [CBSE 2016]

Ans: (i) The four gases commonly present in bio-gas are methane, carbon dioxide, hydrogen and hydrogen sulphide.
(ii) Main advantages of using bio-gas over fossil fuels are as given below :
(1) Bio-gas is an excellent fuel as it contains upto 75% methane which burns without smoke.
(2) Bio-gas bums completely and leaves no residue i.e., ash.
(3) Bio-gas is a renewable, convenient and efficient source of energy, whose heating capacity is high.
(4) It gives us a safe method to dispose off wastes like animal dung, human excreta and other bio-wastes.

Q.14. Define process of nuclear fission. Write the steps involved in generating electricity in a nuclear reactor.
OR
Define nuclear fission. Write the steps involved in generating electricity in a nuclear reactor.   [CBSE 2016]

Ans: Nuclear Fission: The process in which a heavy nucleus (such as uranium, plutonium or thorium) is broken into two nearly equal fragments when bombarded with low-energy neutrons and a tremendous amount of energy is released. This process is called nuclear fission.
Steps involved in generating electricity:
(i) Fuel rods full of uranium pellets are placed in a nuclear reactor chamber.
(ii) Low-energy neutrons are bombarded on uranium fuel rod.
(iii) A self-sustaining fission chain reaction starts that releases energy at a controlled rate
(iv) With this heat the reactor converts water to steam at a high temperature and pressure
(v) This high temperature and pressure steam spins generator turbines producing electricity.
(vi) The steam cools back into water, which can then be used over again.

Q.15. Identify the part of a solar cooker that produces greenhouse effect.   [CBSE 2016]
Ans: The plane glass plate cover of a solar cooker produces greenhouse effect.

Q.16. What is the minimum wind velocity required for obtaining electric power with a windmill generator ?   [CBSE 2016]
Ans: 15 km h-1.

Q.17. Name any two nuclear fuels used for the process of nuclear fission.   [CBSE 2016]
Ans: Uranium and plutonium.

Q.18. (a) How charcoal is better fuel than wood ? Why ?   [CBSE 2016]
(b) How does bio-gas plant help to reduce the problem of pollution
?
Ans: (a) Charcoal is a better fuel than wood because it bums without flames, is comparatively smokeless and has a higher heat generation efficiency.
(b) A bio-gas plant helps to reduce the problem of pollution by utilising waste bio-mass by producing bio-gas and manure.

Q.19. (a) List in tabular form two major differences between renewable and nonrenewable sources of energy. (b) Why fossil fuels are classified as non-renewable sources of energy ?   [CBSE 2016]
Ans. (a) 
Previous Year Questions - Sources of Energy Class 10 Notes | EduRev
(b) Fossil fuels were formed due to certain very slow changes occurring inside the earth under special circumstances spread over millions of years. Since these conditions are not prevailing now, it is not possible to replenish the amount of fossil fuels being consumed. Hence, these are classified as non-renewable sources of energy.

Q.20. State any three limitations of harnessing nuclear energy.   [CBSE 2016]
Ans:
Three main limitations of harnessing nuclear energy are as follows :
(i) The most important problem is the storage and disposal of spent or used fuel because it is highly radioactive. Improper nuclear waste storage and disposal may lead to environmental contamination.
(ii) There is a risk of accidental leakage of nuclear radiation from the nuclear reactor.
(iii) Cost of installation of a nuclear power plant is very high.

Q.21. How is nuclear energy generated ? State in brief the process of utilising this energy in the production of electricity. Mention the major hazard of nuclear power generation.   [CBSE 2016]
Ans:
Nuclear energy is generated by the process of nuclear fission. The nucleus of a heavy atom such as uranium or plutonium, when bombarded with low energy neutrons, can be split apart into two lighter nuclei along with the release of tremendous amount of energy.
We design a nuclear reactor in which process of nuclear fission takes place at a sustained rate and energy is released at a uniform rate. This energy is utilised to convert water into steam, which then does work for rotating the turbine of electric generator. As a result, electricity is produced.
The major hazard of nuclear power generation is the storage and safe disposal of spent or used fuel so that no environmental contamination takes places.

Q.22. Write one advantage of nuclear fission reaction.   [CBSE 2015]
Ans:
In a nuclear fission reaction large amount of energy is released by a small quantity of nuclear fuel, which can be easily converted into electrical energy.

Q.23. Mention the two factors that causes wind to blow.   [CBSE 2015]
Ans: 
Wind is caused by unequal heating of land mass and water bodies by solar radiation.

Q.24. Define the process of "nuclear fission”.   [CBSE 2015]
Ans:
Splitting up of a nucleus of uranium, when bombarded by neutrons, into two lighter nuclei along with release of a large amount of energy is called nuclear fission.

Q.25. Explain, how does a hydro power plant produce electricity.   [CBSE 2015]
Ans: A hydro power plant converts the potential energy of stored water into electricity.
To produce hydro power electricity, a high rise dam is constructed at a suitable place on the river to obstruct the flow of water and there by collect water in a large sized reservoir. Due to rise of water level, the kinetic energy of flowing water is transformed into potential energy of stored water.
The water from the high level in the dam is carried through sluice gates and pipes to the turbine of electric generator, which is fitted at the bottom of the dam. Due to flowing water, turbine is rotated at a fast rate and electricity is produced.
Previous Year Questions - Sources of Energy Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Q.26. (a) Define tidal energy.
(b) Explain how is tidal energy harnessed and write one limitation of the use of tidal energy.   [CBSE 2015]
Ans: (a) Tidal energy: The energy produced by the surge of ocean water during high and low tides due to difference in sea-levels is called tidal energy. The high and low tides occur due to the gravitational puli of the moon. This causes enormous movement of water.
(b) Tidal energy is harnessed by constructing a dam near the shores. During high tides water flows into the dam and during low tides, water flows out. This flowing water rotates the turbine, present at the opening of dam and produces electricity.
Limitation of the use of tidal energy:
(i) The power output is variable, intermittant and is not on a large scale.
(ii) There are very few suitable sites that too with high installation cost of plant and its maintenance cost.

Q.27. How can one say that Sun is the main source of energy on the earth ?   [CBSE 2015]
Ans: Solar energy manifests itself in many forms through many processes both biological and physical. Plants utilise solar energy for photosynthesis. The solar energy trapped by land and water bodies brings about many physical changes resulting in wind, storm, ocean waves etc. Also fossil fuels e.g., coal, natural gas, petrol etc., have been formed due to very slow changes which occurred millions of years ago and were related to solar energy.
Energy of bio-gas etc., is also derived from solar energy.


LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS

Q.1. Burning of fossil fuels causes lots of air pollution. Generally these fossil fuels are used in our vehicles.
(i) A s an aware citizen, list two ways to reduce air pollution caused due to vehicles.
(ii) Write two harmful effects other than air pollution, that are caused due to burning of fossil fuels. [CBSE 2015]
Ans: (i) Two ways to reduce air pollution caused due to vehicles are as follows :
(a) The petrol used should be free of lead and sulphur impurities because oxides of these elements are toxic and cause much air pollution.
(b) Vehicles using diesel should be replaced by vehicles using CNG as a fuel.
(ii) Two harmful effects, other than air pollution, caused due to burning of fossil fuels are as follows :
(а) Burning of fossil fuels produce oxides of nitrogen and sulphur. These gases are acidic in nature and lead to acid rain which adversely affects our water and soil resources.
(b) Burning of fossil fuels produce carbon dioxide, which is a greenhouse gas and leads to global warming causing a lot of environmental and ecological problems.

Offer running on EduRev: Apply code STAYHOME200 to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!

Related Searches

Exam

,

past year papers

,

Previous Year Questions - Sources of Energy Class 10 Notes | EduRev

,

ppt

,

study material

,

Extra Questions

,

pdf

,

mock tests for examination

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

video lectures

,

Previous Year Questions - Sources of Energy Class 10 Notes | EduRev

,

MCQs

,

Important questions

,

Viva Questions

,

practice quizzes

,

Semester Notes

,

Free

,

Previous Year Questions - Sources of Energy Class 10 Notes | EduRev

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Objective type Questions

,

Sample Paper

,

Summary

;