Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

CAT: Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

The document Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT is a part of the CAT Course Quantitative Aptitude (Quant).
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Question 1:  One ticket is selected at random from 50 tickets numbered  0, 01, 02, ……, 49.   Then,   the probability that the sum of the digits on the selected ticket is 8, given that the product of these digits is zero equals

(a) 1/14
(b) 1/7
(c) 5/14
(d) 1/50

Explanation: (a)

Here we have

Let A be the event that sum of the digits on the selected ticket is 8

= {08,17, 26, 35, 44}

Let B be the event that the product of the digits is zero.

B = {00, 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 20, 30, 40}

∴ n(A∩B)=1 as only 08 is the number with sum 8 and product zero

n(B)=14 

∴ required probabilty = P(A/B)

Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT


Question 2: It is given that the events A and B are such that P(A) = ¼ , P(A|B) = ½ and P(B|A) = 2/3. Then P(B|A) = 2/3. Then P(B) is
(a) 1/2
(b) 1/6
(c) 1/3
(d) 2/3 

Explanation: (c) 

Given that P(A) = 1/4,
Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT
and Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

we know, 

Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

and Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

Now, substitute the values in the formula, we get

(⅔ ) = P(B∩A)/ (¼)

P(B∩A) = (⅔). (¼)

P(B∩A) = ⅙

Substitute the values in (1), we get

P(A/B) = P(A∩B)/ P(B)

(½) = (⅙)/ P(B)

P(B) = (⅙). (2/1)

P(B) = 1/3


Question 3: A die is thrown. Let A be the event that the number obtained is greater than 3. Let B be the event that the number obtained is less than 5. Then P (AUB) is
(a) 2/5
(b) 3/5
(c) 0
(d) 1 

Explanation: (d)  

Since,

A= number>3

A {4,5,6} 

and B = number< 5

B = {1,2,3,4}

∴ A∩B = {4}

Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

Question 4: A pair of fair dice is thrown independently three times. The probability of getting a total of exactly 9 twice is

(a) 1/729
(b) 8/9
(c) 8/729
(d) 8/243

Explanation: (d)

When two dice are thrown, the total number of sample space is 36

Probability of getting a total of 9 in a single throw

4/36 = 1/9

Hence, the probability of getting a score of exactly 9 twice

Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

Question 5: Two aeroplanes I and II bomb a target in succession. The probabilities of I and II scoring a hit correctly are 0.3 and 0.2, respectively. The second plane will bomb only if the first misses the target. The probability that the target is hit by the second plane, is
(a) 0.06
(b) 0.14
(c) 0.32
(d) 0.7 

Explanation: (c)

Let the events,

A = 1st aeroplane hit the target

B =2nd aeroplane hit the target

And their corresponding probabilities are

Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

Required Probability

Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

= (0.7)(0.2) + (0.7)(0.8)(0.7)(0.2)+(0.7)(0.8)(0.7)(0.8)(0.7)(0.2) + ....

Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

The document Questions with Answers: Probability Notes | Study Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT is a part of the CAT Course Quantitative Aptitude (Quant).
All you need of CAT at this link: CAT
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