The document RD Sharma Solutions - 17.3, Constructions, Class 7, Math Class 7 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 7 Course RD Sharma Solutions for Class 7 Mathematics.

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**Draw âˆ† ABC in which AB = 3 cm, BC = 5 cm and âˆ B = 70Â°.**

Steps of construction:

- Draw a line segment AB of length 3 cm.
- Draw âˆ XBA = 70Â°âˆ XBA = 70Â°.
- Cut an arc on BX at a distance of 5 cm at C.
- Join AC to get the required triangle.

**Draw âˆ† ABC in which âˆ A = 70Â°, AB = 4 cm and AC = 6 cm. Measure BC.**

Steps of construction:

- Draw a line segment AC of length 6 cm.
- Draw âˆ âˆ XAC = 70Â°Â°.
- Cut an arc on AX at a distance of 4 cm at B.
- Join BC to get the desired triangle.
- We see that BC = 6 cm.

**Draw an isosceles triangle in which each of the equal sides is of length 3 cm and the angle between them is 45Â°.**

Steps of construction:

- Draw a line segment PQ of length 3 cm.
- Draw âˆ QPX = 45Â°âˆ QPX = 45Â°.
- Cut an arc on PX at a distance of 3 cm at R.
- Join QR to get the required triangle.

**Draw âˆ† ABC in which âˆ A = 120Â°, AB = AC = 3 cm. Measure âˆ B and âˆ C.**

Steps of construction:

- Draw a line segment AC of length 3 cm.
- Draw âˆ XAC = 120Â°âˆ XAC = 120Â°.
- Cut an arc on AX at a distance of 3 cm at B.
- Join BC to get the required triangle.

By measuring,we get

âˆ B=âˆ C=30Â°âˆ B=âˆ C=30Â°.

**Draw âˆ† ABC in which âˆ C = 90Â° and AC = BC = 4 cm.**

Steps of construction:

- Draw a line segment BC of length 4 cm.
- AT C, draw âˆ BCY = 90Â°âˆ BCY = 90Â°.
- Cut an arc on CY at a distance of 4 cm at A.
- Join AB.
- ABC is the required triangle.

**Draw a triangle ABC in which BC = 4 cm, AB = 3 cm and âˆ B = 45Â°. Also, draw a perpendicular from A on BC.**

Steps of construction:

- Draw a line segment AB of length 3 cm.
- Draw an angle of 45Â°Â° and cut an arc at this angle at a radius of 4 cm at C.
- Join AC to get the required triangle.
- With A as centre, draw intersecting arcs at M and N.
- With centre M and radius more that 12MN12MN, cut an arc on the opposite side of A.
- With N as centre and radius the same as in the previous step, cut an arc intersecting the previous arc at E.
- Join AE, it meets BC at D, then AE is the required perpendicular.

**Draw a triangle ABC with AB = 3 cm, BC = 4 cm and âˆ B = 60Â°. Also, draw the bisector of angles C and A of the triangle, meeting in a point O. Measure âˆ COA.**

Steps of construction:

- Draw a line segment BC = 4 cm.
- Draw âˆ CBX= 60Â°âˆ CBX = 60Â°.
- Draw an arc on BX at a radius of 3 cm cutting BX at A.
- Join AC to get the required triangle.

Angle bisector for angle A:

1. With A as centre, cut arcs of the same radius cutting AB and AC at P an Q, respectively.

2. From P and Q cut arcs of same radius intersecting at R.

3. Join AR to get the angle bisector of angle A.

Angle bisector for angle C:

1. With A as centre, cut arcs of the same radius cutting CB and CA at M an N, respectively.

2. From M and N, cut arcs of the same radius intersecting at T.

3. Join CT to get the angle bisector of angle C.

Mark the point of intersection of CT and AR as O.

Angle âˆ âˆ COA = 120^{o}