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Rules for the Change of Pronouns and Possessive Adjectives: Narration | English Grammar Advanced - Class 10 PDF Download

1. Pronouns and possessive adjectives of the First Person (I, We) are changed into pronouns and possessive adjectives of the same person as that of the subject of the reporting verb.

Examples:
(i) Direct : I said, “I am going to my native place.”
Indirect : I said that I was going to my native place. 

(ii) Direct : You said, “I do my homework”
Indirect : You said that you did your homework. 

(iii) Direct : He/ She said, “I am solving my problems.”
Indirect : He/ She said that he/ she was solving his/ her problems. 

(iv) Direct : I said, “I am going to my cousin’s home.”
Indirect : I said that I was going to my cousin’s home.

2. Pronouns and possessive adjectives of the Second Person (You) are changed into pronouns and possessive adjectives of the same person as that of the object of the reporting verb.

Examples:
 (i) Direct :
He said to me, “Your brother obeys to you.”
Indirect : He told me that my brother obeyed to me. 

(ii) Direct : He said to me, “Your sister respects you.”
Indirect : He told me that my sister respected me.

(iii) Direct : Roshan said to me, “You are honest.”
Indirect : Roshan said to me that I was honest.

3. Pronouns and possessive adjectives of the Third Person (He, She, It, They, etc.) are not changed.

Examples: 
(i) Direct : Ajit said to me, “They are good children.”
Indirect : Ajit tol d me that they were good children. 

(ii) Direct : I said, “She is washing her clothes.”
Indirect : I said that she was washing her clothes.

(iii) Direct : Kamal said to me, “Rohan works hard.”
Indirect : Kamal told me that Rohan worked hard.

Note: If the reporting verb ‘said’ is followed by an object it is changed into ‘told’. The verb told is not followed by the preposition to.

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FAQs on Rules for the Change of Pronouns and Possessive Adjectives: Narration - English Grammar Advanced - Class 10

1. What are pronouns and possessive adjectives?
Ans. Pronouns are words that are used to replace nouns in a sentence, while possessive adjectives are words used to show ownership or possession. For example, in the sentence "John is my friend, and he has a dog," "he" is a pronoun replacing John, and "my" is a possessive adjective showing ownership.
2. What are the rules for changing pronouns in narration?
Ans. When changing pronouns in narration, one should consider the tense and point of view of the narration. If the original sentence is in the first person (I, me, we, us), it should be changed to the third person (he, she, they) in the reported speech. Additionally, if the original sentence refers to the speaker, it should be changed to refer to the person being spoken about.
3. How do possessive adjectives change in narration?
Ans. Possessive adjectives in narration also change based on the point of view and tense. If the original possessive adjective refers to the speaker, it should be changed to refer to the person being spoken about. For example, "my" can change to "his" or "her." If the original possessive adjective refers to someone other than the speaker, it should remain the same in reported speech.
4. Are there any exceptions to the rules for pronouns and possessive adjectives in narration?
Ans. Yes, there are some exceptions to the rules. If the reported speech is a general truth or a habitual action, the pronouns and possessive adjectives can remain the same. Additionally, if the reported speech is a direct quote, the pronouns and possessive adjectives are not changed.
5. How can I practice using pronouns and possessive adjectives in narration?
Ans. To practice using pronouns and possessive adjectives in narration, you can create sentences in the first person and then change them to the third person in reported speech. You can also listen to or read narratives and try to identify the changes in pronouns and possessive adjectives. Practice exercises and quizzes are also available online to further enhance your skills.
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