Solutions of Reflection of Light (Page No- 192) - Physics By Lakhmir Singh, Class 10 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

Class 10 Physics Solutions By Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur

Class 10 : Solutions of Reflection of Light (Page No- 192) - Physics By Lakhmir Singh, Class 10 Class 10 Notes | EduRev

The document Solutions of Reflection of Light (Page No- 192) - Physics By Lakhmir Singh, Class 10 Class 10 Notes | EduRev is a part of the Class 10 Course Class 10 Physics Solutions By Lakhmir Singh & Manjit Kaur.
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Lakhmir Singh Physics Class 10 Solutions Page No:192

Question 1: According to the “New Cartesian Sign Convention” for mirrors, what sign has been given to the focal length of :
 (i) a concave mirror ?
 (ii) a convex mirror ?

Solution : (i) Negative
(ii) Positive

Question 2: Which type of mirror has :
 (a) positive focal length ?
 (b) negative focal length ?

Solution : (a) Convex mirror.
(b) Concave mirror.

Question 3: What is the nature of a mirror having a focal length of, +10 cm ?

Solution : Convex mirror (since focal length is positive).

Question 4: What kind of mirror can have a focal length of, – 20 cm ?

Solution : Concave mirror (since focal length is negative).

Question 5: Complete the following sentence :
 All the distances are measured from the……….. of a spherical mirror.

Solution : Pole

Question 6: What sign (+ve or -ve) has been given to the following on the basis of Cartesian Sign Convention ?
 (a) Height of a real image.
 (b) Height of a virtual image. 

Solution : (a) Negative.
(b) Positive.

Question 7: Describe the New Cartesian Sign Convention used in optics. Draw a labelled diagram to illustrate this sign convention.

Solution : According to the New Cartesian Sign Convention:
(i) All the distances are measured from pole of the mirror as origin.
(ii) Distances measured in the same direction as that of incident light are taken as positive.
(iii) Distances measured against the direction of incident light are taken as negative.
(iv) Distances measured upward and perpendicular to the principal axis are taken as positive.
(v) Distance measured downward and perpendicular to the principal axis are taken as negative.

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