Tense (Part 2) - English Grammar Teaching Notes | EduRev

English Grammar

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The Past Tense

(1) Past Indefinite Tense

The Past Indefinite or Simple Past Tense is used :

(i) To indicate an action completed in the past.

As,
The boy left school an hour ago.
I did this work a week ago.
The ship sailed last week.

(ii) To denote past habits.

As,
He practiced many hours every day.
She always sang a romantic.

(2) Past Continuous Tense

The Past Continuous Tense is used :

(i) To denote an action going on at some time in the past.

As,
The light went out while I was reading.
We were watching the television all evening.

(ii) With always, continually etc. for persistent habits in the past.

As,
He was always refusing.
She was continually neglecting her duty.

(3) Past Perfect Tense

The Past Perfect Tense is used :

(i) To describe an action completed before a certain moment in the past.

As,
I met him in 1995. I had seen him last five years before.
I called him at 5 am. I had found him got up at 7 am.

(ii) When two actions happened in the past and it may be necessary to show which action happened earlier than the other.

As,
When I reached the station, the train had started.
I had completed my work before the officer came.
I had done my work when Seema came to see me.

(4) Past Perfect Continuous Tense

The Past Perfect Continuous Tense is used for an action that began before a certain point in the past and continued upto that time.

As,
He had been serving the institution for the last one year.
At that time he had been writing a short story for three months.

The Future Tense

(1) Future Indefinite Tense

The Future Indefinite or Simple Future Tense is used for an action that has still to take place.
As,
I shall meet him tomorrow.
Day after tomorrow will be Friday.

(2) Future Continuous Tense

The Future Continuous Tense represents an action as going on at some time in Future time.

As,
I shall be writing the letter then.
When I go into the class, the teacher will be teaching.

* The Future Continuous Tense is also used for representing future events that are planned.

As,
I shall be waiting for you till 4 pm.
She will be meeting me next week.

(3) Future Perfect Tense

The Future Perfect Tense is used to indicate the completion of an action by a certain future time.

As,
I shall have done my homework by that time.
Before you go to meet him, he will have left the office.

(4) Future Perfect Continuous Tense

The Future Perfect Continuous Tense indicates an action represented as being in progress over a period of time that will end in the future.

As,
By next January, we shall have been living in Delhi for three years.
When he completes his school, he will have been studying at NIIT.

Conjugation of Verb ‘To be’

Present Indefinite Tense

  Singular Plural
1st Person I am We are
2nd Person You are You are
3rd Person He/She/It is They are


Present Continuous Tense

  Singular Plural
1st Person I am being We are being
2nd Person You are being You are being
3rd Person He/She/It is being They are being


Present Perfect Tense

  Singular Plural
1st Person I have been We have been
2nd Person You have been You have been
3rd Person He/She/It has been They have been


Present Perfect Continuous Tense

  Singular Plural
1st Person I have been  We have been
  being being
2nd Person You have been  You have been
  being  being
3rd Person He/She/It has been being  They have been being


Past/Indefinite Tense

  Singular Plural
1st Person I was We were
2nd Person You were You were
3rd Person He/She/It was They were


Past Continuous Tense

  Singular Plural
1st Person I was being We were being
2nd Person You were being You were being
3rd Person He/She/It was being They were being


Past Perfect Tense

  Singular Plural
1st Person I had been We had been
2nd Person You had been You had been
3rd Person He/She/It had been  They had been


Past Perfect Continuous Tense

  Singular Plural
1st Person I had been  We had been 
  being being
2nd Person You had been  You had been 
  being  being
3rd Person He/She/It had  They had been 
  been being  being


Future Indefinite Tense

  Singular Plural
1st Person I shall be We shall be
2nd Person You will be You will be
3rd Person He/She/It will be They will be


Future Continuous Tense

  Singular Plural
1st Person I shall be being We shall be being
2nd Person You will be being You will be being
3rd Person He/She/It will be being They will be being


Future Perfect Tense

  Singular Plural
1st Person I shall have been We shall  have been
2nd Person You will have been  You will have been
3rd Person He/She/It will They will have been 


Future Perfect Continuous Tense

  Singular Plural
1st Person I shall have been being We shall have been being
     
2nd Person You will have been being You will have been being
     
3rd Person He/She/It will have been being They will have been being
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