Transformation of Sentences (Part -2) - English Grammar Teaching Notes | EduRev

English Grammar

Teaching : Transformation of Sentences (Part -2) - English Grammar Teaching Notes | EduRev

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Simple into Double or Multiple (Compound)

Simple sentences may be converted into Compound ones by enlarging Words or Phrases into Co-ordinate clauses.

Simple : Besides doing his own work, he helped me.

Compound : He not only did his own work, but also he helped me. 

Simple : Shifting himself along the arm, he rose to his feet.

Compound : He shifted himself along the arm and rose to his feet.

Simple : You may take either of the pens.

Compound : You may take this pen or you may take that.

Simple : During to poverty he could not shine in life.

Compound : He was poor and so he could not shine in life.

Simple : For all his troubles, he is cheerful.

Compound : He is in great troubles, still he is cheerful. 

Simple : He must work very hard to made up for the lost time.

Compound : He must work very hard and make up for the lost time.

Double or Multiple (Compound) into Simple

Double and Multiple (Compound) Sentences can be changed into Simple Sentences by contracting Clauses into words or phrases.

Compound : I gave him not only money but also good advice. 

Simple : Besides giving him money, I gave him good advice.

Compound : Love the neighbour and be a friend to him. 

Simple : Be a loving friend to the neighbours.

Compound : John did his best but could not succeed.

Simple : In spite of doing his best, John could not succeed.

Compound : Tagore was not only a poet but also a great statesman.

Simple : Besides being a poet, Tagore was a great statesman.

Compound : He not only robbed the poor child but also raped her.

Simple : Besides robbing the poor child, he raped her.

Compound : He finished his exercise and put away his books.

Simple : Having finished his exercise, he put away his books.

Compound : Not only did his father give him money, but his mother too. 

Simple : Besides his father giving him money, his mother also did the same.

Compound : He was a mere boy but he offered to fight the giant.

Simple : In spite of his being a mere boy, he offered to fight the giant.

Compound : He must not be late, or he will be punished.

Simple : In the event of his being late, he will be punished.

Interchange of one Part of  Speech for Another

He presumptuously ignored my advice.
He presumed to ignore my advice.
Few historians have written in a more interesting manner than Gibbon.
Few historians have written more interestingly than Gibbon.
We passed an anxious hour.
We passed an hour anxiously.
He examined the document carefully.
He examined the document with care.
I see him every day.
I see him daily.

Simple to Complex

Simple sentences may be changed into Complex sentences by enlarging words or phrases into Subordinate clauses.

Simple : He confessed his crime.

Complex : He confessed the crime he had committed.

Simple : Fortunately he had a strong sense of humour.

Complex : It was fortunate that he had a strong sense of humour.

Simple : Let him enjoy his hard-earned money.

Complex : Let him enjoy the money which he earned by hard work.

Simple : I wish you success.

Complex : I wish that you may succeed.

Simple : His failure is almost certain.

Complex : That he will fail is almost certain. 

Simple : They would no doubt, send out all the soldiers in search of the party.

Complex : There is no doubt that they would send out all the soldiers in search of the party.

Simple : Not having money, he besought Antonio to help him.

Complex : As he had no money, he besought Antonio to help him.

Simple : Only first class men need apply.

Complex : Only those who are first class men need apply.

Simple : The news is too good to be true.

Complex : The news is so good that it cannot be true.

Complex into Simple

Complex : A child who has lost its parents is to be pitied.

Simple : An orphan is to be pitied.

Complex : If you fail, you must make another attempt.

Simple : Failing this attempt, you must make another.

Complex : The report that the king’s was dead is false.

Simple : The report of the king’s death is false.

Complex : Wherever you go, I shall follow you.

Simple : I shall follow you everywhere.

Complex : A boy who neglects his studies, cannot progress.

Noun Clause

Complex : He said that he was innocent.

Simple : He declared his innocence.

Complex : That you are drunk aggrevates your offence.

Simple : Your drunkenness aggrevates your offence.

Complex : Tell me where you live.

Simple : Tell me your address.

Complex : It is pity that we should have to undergo this disgrace.

Simple : Our having to undergo this disgrace is a pity.

Complex : It is proclaimed that all men found with arms will be shot.

Simple : According to the proclamation all men found with arms will be shot.

Complex : He remarked how proud the boy was.

Adjective Clause

Complex : I have no advice that I can offer you. 

Simple : I have no advice to offer you.

Complex : The place where Buddha was cremated has recently been discovered.

Simple : The place of Buddha's cremation has recently been discovered.

Complex : The son who was his chief pride in his old age is dead.

Simple : His son, the pride of his old age, is dead.

Complex : The exact time when this occurred has not been ascertained.

Simple : The exact time of the occurrence has not been ascertained.

Complex : Youth is the time when the seeds of character are sown.

Simple : Youth is the time for the formation of character.

Complex : We came upon a hut where a peasant lived.

Simple : We came upon a peasant's hut.

Complex : Those that are healthy have no need of the physician.

Simple : Healthy persons have no need of the physician.

Complex : Men who have risen by their own exertions are always respected.

Adverb Clause

Complex : The Rajah was annoyed that he had not carried out his orders.

Simple : The Rajah was annoyed at his not having carried out his orders.

Complex : You can talk as much as you like.

Simple : You can talk to your heart's content.

Complex : Everything comes if a man will only work and wait. 

Simple : Everything comes to a diligent and patient man.

Complex : I am pushing my business wherever I can find an opening.

Simple : I am pushing my business in every possible direction.

Complex : He will not pay unless he is compelled.

Simple : He will pay only under compulsion.

Complex : You have succeeded better than you hoped.

Simple : You have succeeded beyond your hopes.

Complex : When the cat is away the mice will play.

Simple : In the absence of the cat the mice will play.

Complex : He does not always speak as he thinks.

Double and Multiple (Compound) into Complex

Compound : Listen and I will tell you all.

Complex : If you listen, I will tell you all.

Compound : She must weep or she will die.

Complex : Unless she weeps, she will die.

Compound : He was very tired and therefore he fell asleep.

Complex : He fell asleep because, he was very tired.

Compound : Beware of pick-pockets and there will be no trouble. 

Complex : If you beware of pick-pockets, there will be no trouble.

Compound : Leave this room or I will compel you to do so.

Complex : Unless you leave this room, I will compel you to do so.

Compound : Jones is a rich man but he is not honest.

Complex : Jones is not honest although he is a rich man.

Compound : Search his pockets and you will find the watch.

Complex : If you search his pockets, you will find the watch.

Compelx into Double or Multiple (Compound)

Complex : If you speak, you shall die.

Compound : Speak and you die.

Complex : If you do not speak, you shall die.

Compound : Speak or die.

Complex : He failed although he did his best.

Compound : He did his best, still he failed.

Complex : I have lost the pen which my father gave me.

Compound : My father gave me a pen and I have lost it.

Complex : I am certain you have made a mistake.

Compound : You have made a mistake, and of this I am certain.

Complex : I am glad that he has recovered from illness.

Compound : He has recovered from illness, and I am glad of it.

Complex : We can prove that the Earth is round.

Compound : The earth is round, and we can prove it.

Complex : I have found the book that I had lost.

Compound : I had lost a book, but I have found it.

Complex : As soon as he got the telegram, he left in a taxi.

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