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Preposition - 2 | English Grammar Basic - Class 10 PDF Download

Relations expressed by Prepositions

(1) Time

As,
After his death.
At an early age.
Arrived before me.
Behind time.
By three o' clock.
During the whole day.
For many years.
From January 1, 2001.

(2) Place

As,
Went about the world.
Ran across the road.
Leaned against the wall.
Fell among thieves.
Quarrelled among themselves.
At death's door.
Athwart the deck.
Stood before the door.
Stood behind the curtain.
Fell into a ditch.
Lies near the heart.
Kolkata is on the Hooghly.
The cliff hangs over the sea.
Tour round the world.
Marched through the town.
Came to the end of the road.
Put pen to paper.
Travelled towards Goa.
Lay under the table.

(3) Agency, instrumentality

As,

Sell goods at auction.Sent the parcel by post.
Was stunned by a blow.Was destroyed by fire.
Heard through a friend.Cut it with a knife.


(4) Manner

As,

Dying by inches.Fought with courage.
Worked with enthusiasm.Won with ease.


(5) Cause, Reason, Purpose

As,

Laboured for the good of humanity.Died of fever.
The very place for a picnic.Did it for our good.
Suffers from govt.Died from fatigue.


(6) Possession

As,

There was no money by him. The church of Bethlehem.
A man of means.The boy with grey hair.


(7) Measure, Standard, Rate, Value

As,

He charges interest at nine per centage.
Stories like these must be taken at what they are worth.
Cloth is sold by the meter.
I am taller than you by five inches.
It was one by the tower-clock.

(8) Contrast, Concession

As,
After every effort, he failed.
For one enemy, he has a hundred friends.
For all his wealth, he is not content.
With all his faults, I adore him.

(9) Inference, Motive, Source or Origin

As,
From what I know of him, I hesitate to trust him.
The knights were brave from gallantry of spirit.
He did it from gratitude.
Light emanates from the Sun.
From labour health, from contentment springs.
This is quotation from Shakespeare.
His skill comes from practice.

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FAQs on Preposition - 2 - English Grammar Basic - Class 10

1. What is the importance of prepositions in the English language?
Ans. Prepositions play a crucial role in the English language as they help establish relationships between different words in a sentence. They indicate location, direction, time, manner, and many other aspects. Without prepositions, it would be challenging to convey specific meanings and express relationships between objects or ideas.
2. Can a sentence have multiple prepositions?
Ans. Yes, it is possible for a sentence to have multiple prepositions. In fact, complex sentences often require the use of multiple prepositions to establish various relationships between different elements. For example, "She walked across the bridge and into the park" contains two prepositions ('across' and 'into') to indicate the movement of the subject.
3. What are some common prepositions in the English language?
Ans. There are numerous common prepositions used in the English language. Some examples include "in," "on," "at," "by," "for," "from," "to," "with," "between," "among," "through," "under," "above," "beside," "behind," and "within." These prepositions help specify relationships between nouns, pronouns, and other parts of a sentence.
4. How can I improve my understanding and usage of prepositions?
Ans. To improve your understanding and usage of prepositions, it is helpful to study the different types of prepositions and their usage rules. Additionally, reading extensively and paying attention to prepositions in context can enhance your familiarity with their usage. Practice exercises and quizzes specifically targeting prepositions can also aid in improving your skills.
5. Are prepositions the same in every language?
Ans. No, prepositions are not the same in every language. Different languages have their own set of prepositions, and the usage and rules may vary. It is important to learn the specific prepositions of the language you are studying to accurately convey relationships between words or objects. Translating prepositions directly from one language to another can often lead to incorrect usage.
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