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Class 6 History Chapter 8 Question Answers - Vital Villages, Thriving Towns

Short Q & A :

Q1: Write about Grama bhojaka.

Ans : The villages of the northern India were inhabited by many groups of people. The village headmen were known as grama bhojaka. Most of the time the position was held by the same family. Grama bhojaka carried out multifarious functions in the village. He was responsible for maintaining the law and order and settling the disputes among the people.

Q2: State the importance of Arikamedu.

Ans : Arikamedu was an important trade center around 2200 and 1900 years ago. According to Wheeler Arikamedu was a Tamil fishing village which was formerly a major Chola port dedicated to bead making and trading with Roman traders.

Q3: Write short notes on region of Mathura.

Ans : Kushanas kings ruled in the 1st C.E. Mathura was their capital as it was situated on the cross roads of the trade routes. Kushanas had the control over the profitable silk route, a branch of which passes through Mathura in India. Mathura, therefore emerge as a prominent town as craft and trading center. The worship of Lord Krishna is still popular in Mathura and it is one of the pilgrimage centres for Hindu devotees.

Q4: How did the pottery design got its name?

Ans : The pottery design got its name due to its predominant presense in the northern parts of the sub continent. The pottery design was popular in the later Vedic period. Some sites where the NBPW have been found are Mahasthan, Chandraketugarh, Bangarh, etc.

Q5: During the period between 200 BCE to 300 BCE India enjoyed a good deal of prosperity. Explain.

Ans : During the period between 200 BCE to 300 BCE India enjoyed a good deal of prosperity. The number of artisans and craftsmen increased particularly in cities. The growth in art and craft led to specialization and greater technical skill in certain spheres of production.

Q6: What were aqueducts? Why did the Roman emperor build huge aqueducts?

Ans : Aqueducts were huge channels to supply water. The Roman emperors built these aqueducts to bring water to the city for the baths, fountains and toilets.

Q7: Why was grama bhojaka powerful?

Ans : Grama bhojaka was the village headman. He was the largest landowner. He did not cultivate his own land and had slaves and hired workers to work on his fields. The King had given him the duty to collect taxes from the village. He functioned as a judge. He also had to perform the duties of a policeman. This added to his prestige and made him powerful.

Q8: What steps were taken to increase the production?

Ans : 

The kings and kingdoms could not have existed without the support of prosperous villages. Various effective steps were taken to increase the production.

  • New tools and system of transplantation was introduced.
  • Apart from these, system of irrigation was also used.
  • Irrigation works that were built during this time included canals, wells, tanks and artificial lakes

 

Q9: Mention some of the evidence which tell us about the life in early cities.

Ans : 

The following evidence tell us about the life in early cities:

  • Sculptures used to decorate railings, pillars and gateways of buildings. They depicted scenes of peoples’ lives in towns and villages, as well as in the forest.
  • Accounts of travellers and sailors who visited these early cities
  • Rows of pots or ceramic rings arranged one on top of the other which seems to have been used as toilets in some cases and as drains and garbage dumps in others have been found by archaeologists.

 

Q10: What is the sangam literature and when were they composed?

Ans : Some of the earliest works in Tamil are known as sangam literature. They were composed around 2300 years ago. These texts were called Sangam because they were composed and compiled in assemblies, known as sangam, of poets that were held in the city of Madurai.

Q11: List all the women who could be employed by the superintendent. How were women paid for their work?

Ans : The superintendent could employ widows, young women who were differently abled, nuns, mothers of courtesans, retired women servants of the king and women who had retired from service in temples. The women were paid according to the quality and quantity of work.

Q12: Who were dasa and karmakara?

Ans : In the northern part of the country, there were women and men without land, working on the fields owned by others, they were known as dasa and karmakara.

Q13: Name three different kinds of people living in the villages of Tamil region?

Ans : The three different kinds of people living in most villages in the southern parts of the subcontinent or the Tamil region were the landowners known as vellala, ordinary ploughmen known as uzhavar, and landless labourers such as slaves known as kadaisiyar and adimai.

Q14: Who composed Jatakas?

Ans : Jatakas were stories composed by ordinary people and then written down and preserved by the Buddhist monks.

Q15: What were the functions of towns?

Ans : Each town was famous for a particular activity. Some were religious centres, other was trading centres and yet other was administrative centres.

Q16: Write short note on the Northern Black Polished Ware.

Ans : Archaeologists, while looking for evidence for fine pottery, found the Northern Black Polished Ware. It got this name since it was found in the northern part of the subcontinent, was black in colour and had a fine luster.

Q17: What was punch marked coins?

Ans : The earliest coins which were in use for about 500 years were punch marked coins. They are called as punch marked coins because the designs were punched on the metal such as silver and copper.

Q18: What archaeological sources have been excavated in Arikamedu?

Ans : The archaeological findings include a massive brick structure, pottery such as jars, stamped red-glazed pottery from Mediterranean regions. It is known as Arretine Ware, named after an Italian city. Roman lamps, glassware and gems have also been found.

Q19: Write a note on the shrenis.

Ans : During this period (2500-2000 BC) many craft persons and merchants formed associations known as shrenis. Their function was to provide training, procure material, and distribute the finished product. Then shrenis of merchants organised the trade. Shrenis also functioned as banks where rich people deposited their money.

Q20: Why do you think the kings encouraged building of irrigation works?

Ans : Building of irrigation work was the other important factor resulting in the increase of agricultural produce. Kings would have encouraged these as increase in agricultural produce meant that there was enough and surplus food for the people. Also tax on agricultural produce was a major source of state revenue. Hence more production led to more revenue.

Q21: Certain occupations were not allowed to form Shrenis. Who were they?

Ans : Hunters, fishermen and those who followed life threatening occupations were not allowed to form Shrenis

Q22: What were the imports that came in from Arikamedu? What were the exports from the coastal port?

Ans : Wine and olive oil were imported from Rome via Arikamedu. Textile, beads, semi-precious stones, glass and shell bangles were the major exports.

 

Long Q & A : 

Q1: Briefly discuss the different kinds of people living in villages in the northern parts of the subcontinent.

Ans : Villages in the northern part of the country were mostly inhabited by the village headman, independent farmers, field workers and craftsmen. The village headman was known as the grama bhojaka. He was the largest land owner and generally very powerful. The independent farmers were called grihapatis, most of whom were smaller landowners. Then there were people who did not own land and earned their living by working on the fields owned by others. This segment was called dasa karmakara. In most villages, there were also some crafts persons such as the blacksmith, potter, carpenter and weaver.

Q2: Mathura has been an important settlement for more than 2500 years. Explain.

Ans : Many distinctive features made Mathura an important settlement. Some such features are: 
Its location at the cross roads of two major routes of travel and trade — from northwest to east and from north to south. 
There were fortifications around the city.

It was an important centre for the production of some extremely fine sculpture. 
It became the second capital of the Kushanas around 2000 years ago. 
Several inscriptions on surfaces such as stone slabs and statues were found in Mathura. Buddhist monasteries and Jaina shrines made Mathura an important religious centre and it was an important centre for the worship of lord Krishna.

The document Class 6 History Chapter 8 Question Answers - Vital Villages, Thriving Towns is a part of the Class 6 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 6.
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FAQs on Class 6 History Chapter 8 Question Answers - Vital Villages, Thriving Towns

1. What is the importance of having vital villages and thriving towns?
Ans. Having vital villages and thriving towns is important because they contribute to the overall development and progress of a country. These settlements serve as economic hubs, providing employment opportunities and promoting entrepreneurship. They also act as centers for education, healthcare, and other essential services, ensuring a good quality of life for the residents.
2. How can villages and towns become vital and thriving?
Ans. Villages and towns can become vital and thriving by focusing on various aspects. First, they should invest in infrastructure development, such as better roads, electricity, and water supply systems. Second, they should encourage local industries and businesses to flourish, creating job opportunities. Third, they should prioritize education and healthcare facilities to ensure the well-being of the residents. Additionally, promoting tourism and preserving cultural heritage can also attract visitors and boost the economy.
3. What are the challenges faced by villages and towns in becoming vital and thriving?
Ans. There are several challenges that villages and towns face in becoming vital and thriving. One major challenge is the lack of adequate infrastructure, including basic amenities like roads, electricity, and water supply. Limited access to education and healthcare services is another challenge. Additionally, the lack of employment opportunities and the migration of skilled individuals to cities pose challenges in promoting economic growth. Poor governance and corruption can also hinder the development of villages and towns.
4. How can the government support the development of vital villages and thriving towns?
Ans. The government can support the development of vital villages and thriving towns through various means. It should allocate sufficient funds for infrastructure development, ensuring the provision of basic amenities like roads, electricity, and water supply. The government can also provide financial incentives and support to local businesses and industries, encouraging entrepreneurship and job creation. It should invest in education and healthcare facilities, ensuring access for all residents. Additionally, implementing transparent and efficient governance practices can promote the overall development of villages and towns.
5. What role can the community play in the development of vital villages and thriving towns?
Ans. The community plays a crucial role in the development of vital villages and thriving towns. They can actively participate in local governance, advocating for their needs and priorities. Community members can organize themselves into groups or committees to work on specific issues, such as infrastructure development, education, or healthcare. They can also promote local businesses and industries, supporting economic growth. Additionally, communities can preserve and promote their cultural heritage, attracting tourists and contributing to the overall development of the area.
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