|Table of contents
|The Post of Vice President of India
|Powers & Functions of Vice President of India
|Election for the Post of Vice President
|Term of Office of Vice President
|Impeachment of Vice President of India
|Vacancy in Vice President's Office
|American VP: In Comparison with Indian VP
|Vice Presidents [Article 63 – Article 71]
The post of Vice-President of India is modelled on the lines of American Vice-President. In India, Vice-President has the second-highest office in the country.
Sh. Jagdeep Dhankhar - Vice President of India
The Vice President of India, after the President, is the highest dignitary of India, and certain powers are attached to the office of the Vice President.
There is no direct election for the Vice-President of India however, he/she is indirectly elected by an Electoral College.
The difference between the electoral college that elects President and the one electing Vice-President of India is given below:
(i) In the electoral college for Vice President, both elected and nominated members of both the Houses of Parliament take part.
(ii) In presidential elections, nominated members are not a part of the electoral college.
For Vice President’s elections, states have no role to play unlike in President’s elections where state legislative assemblies’ elected members are a part of the electoral college.
The principle of election used in Vice President’s elections is ‘Proportional Representation by means of a single transferable vote. (It is similar to that of President.)
Vice - President taking Oath
From the date, he enters his office, Vice President holds the position for five years.
However, he can resign before five years by handing over his resignation to the President. The other ways where a vacancy is created in the office of Vice President are given below:
Unlike the President of India who can be impeached formally; there is no formal impeachment for Vice President.
(i) Vacancy in the VP's office can occur in the following situations:
(ii) In case of expiry of the term, an election must be held beforehand
(iii) In case of other reasons for the vacancy, fresh elections need to be held as soon as possible
(iv) Newly elected VP to serve full 5-year term
(i) Indian VP's office is based on the lines of the American VP's office.
Article 63 to Article 71 of the Indian Constitution deals with the election, qualification, and removal of Vice Presidents of India. The table below highlights these Articles in a gist.
|1. What are the powers and functions of the Vice President of India?
|2. How is the Vice President of India elected?
|3. What qualifications are required to become the Vice President of India?
|4. What is the term of office for the Vice President of India?
|5. How can the Vice President of India be impeached?