- It further states that Magadha grew to be the leading state of the time.
- Therefore, the correct answer is Option B: Magadha.
The nandas added to the Magadhan power by conquering Kalinga from where they brought an image of the Jina as a victory trophy. All this took place in the reign of Mahapadma Nanda. He claimed to be ekarat, the soles overeign who destroyed all the other ruling princes. It seems that he acquired not only Kalinga but also Koshala which had probably rebelled against him.
The later Nandas turned out to be weak and unpopular. Their rule in Magadha was supplanted by that of the Maurya dynasty under which the Magadhan empire reached the apex of glory.
➢ Chandragupta Maurya
➢ Imperial Organization
➢ Ashoka (273-232 B.C.)
➢ Ashokan Inscriptions
➢ Impact of the Kalinga War
- He overthrew the Nandas with the help of Chanakya and established the rule of the Maurya dynasty.
- According to Greek writer Justin, Chandragupta overran the whole of India with a large army.
- He liberated northwestern India from the rule of Selucus and built a vast empire.
- Chandragupta Maurya's reign marked the beginning of the Mauryan Empire.
➢ Internal Policy and Buddhism
➢ Ashoka’s Place in History
|1. What were the Mahajanapadas?|
|2. How did the Magadha Empire rise and grow?|
|3. What was the significance of the Mauryan Empire?|
|4. How were the territorial states and the first Magadhan Empire related?|
|5. What were the major characteristics of the Mauryan Empire?|