A MIGHTY popular revolt broke out in Northern and Central India in 1857 and nearly swept away the British rule. It began with a mutiny of the sepoys or the Indian soldiers of the Company’s army but soon engulfed wide regions and involved the masses.
By 1857, the material for a mass upheaval was ready, only a spark was needed to set it afire, The episode of the greased cartridges provided this spark for the sepoys and their mutiny provided the general populace the occasion to revolt. The new Enfield rifle had been first introduced in the army. Its cartridges had a greased paper cover whose end had to be bitten off before the cartridge was loaded into the rifle. The grease was in some instances composed of beef and pig fat. The sepoys, Hindu as well as Muslim, were enraged. The use of the greased cartridges would endanger their religion. Many of them believed that the Government was deliberately trying to destroy their religion and convert them to Christianity. The time to rebel had come.
|1. What was the cause of the Revolt of 1857?
|2. Was the Revolt of 1857 successful in achieving its goals?
|3. How did the Revolt of 1857 impact the British rule in India?
|4. Who were the key leaders of the Revolt of 1857?
|5. What were the long-term consequences of the Revolt of 1857?