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Shankar IAS Summary: Schedule Animals Of WPA 1972 | Famous Books for UPSC Exam (Summary & Tests) PDF Download

SCHEDULE LIST-WPA, 1972

  • The Wildlife Protection Act (WPA), 1972 comprises 6 schedules, each providing different levels of protection.
  • Poaching, smuggling, and illegal trade of animals listed in Schedules 1 to 4 are strictly prohibited.

Schedule 1 and part II of Schedule 2 

  • Animals listed in Schedule 1 and Part II of Schedule 2 receive absolute protection, with the most severe penalties for offenses.
  • Examples of animals listed in Schedule 1 include the lion-tailed macaque, rhinoceros, great Indian bustard, Narcondam hornbill, Nicobar megapode, and blackbuck.
    BlackbuckBlackbuck
  • Examples of animals listed in Part II of Schedule 2 include the rhesus macaque, dhole, Bengal porcupine, king cobra, flying squirrel, and Himalayan brown bear.
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    Which animals listed in the Wildlife Protection Act (WPA), 1972 receive absolute protection?
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Schedule 3 and Schedule 4

  • Animals listed in Schedule 3 and Schedule 4 receive protection, albeit with lesser penalties compared to Schedule 1 and Part II of Schedule 2.
  • Examples of animals listed in Schedule 3 include the hyena, hog deer, nilgai, goral, sponges, and barking deer.
  • Examples of animals listed in Schedule 4 include mongooses and vultures.
    NilgaiNilgai

Schedule 5

  • Animals categorized as "vermin" in Schedule 5 are permissible for hunting.
  • Schedule 5 includes only four animals: mice, rats, common crows, and flying foxes (fruit-eating bats).

Schedule 6

  • Schedule 6 prohibits the cultivation, collection, extraction, and trade of plants and their derivatives listed within.
  • Plants such as the red Vanda, blue Vanda, kuth, pitcher plant, beddomes cycad, and ladies' slipper orchid are included in Schedule 6.
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FAQs on Shankar IAS Summary: Schedule Animals Of WPA 1972 - Famous Books for UPSC Exam (Summary & Tests)

1. What is the significance of the Schedule Animals of WPA 1972?
Ans. The Schedule Animals of WPA 1972 lists endangered species that are protected under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, to prevent their exploitation and ensure their conservation.
2. How many categories are there in the Schedule Animals of WPA 1972?
Ans. The Schedule Animals of WPA 1972 is divided into six categories, namely Schedule I, II, III, IV, V, and VI, based on the level of protection needed for each species.
3. What are the restrictions imposed on Schedule I animals under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972?
Ans. Schedule I animals are provided with the highest level of protection under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, and are strictly prohibited from being hunted, captured, or traded without special permits.
4. How does the Schedule Animals of WPA 1972 contribute to biodiversity conservation?
Ans. By listing endangered species in different schedules, the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, helps in regulating their trade, preventing their extinction, and promoting biodiversity conservation.
5. Can the Schedule Animals of WPA 1972 be amended to include new species?
Ans. Yes, the Schedule Animals of WPA 1972 can be amended by the government to include new species based on their conservation status and the need for protection.
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