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Mind Map: Anatomy of Flowering Plants | Biology Class 11 - NEET PDF Download

Mind Map: Anatomy of Flowering Plants | Biology Class 11 - NEET

The document Mind Map: Anatomy of Flowering Plants | Biology Class 11 - NEET is a part of the NEET Course Biology Class 11.
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FAQs on Mind Map: Anatomy of Flowering Plants - Biology Class 11 - NEET

1. What are the different parts of a flowering plant?
Ans. A flowering plant consists of various parts, including the roots, stem, leaves, flowers, and fruits. The roots anchor the plant in the soil and absorb water and nutrients. The stem provides support and transportation of water and nutrients between the roots and leaves. The leaves are responsible for photosynthesis, where sunlight is converted into energy. The flowers contain reproductive structures, such as the petals, sepals, stamens, and pistils. Finally, the fruits develop from the flowers and contain seeds.
2. How do the roots of a flowering plant function?
Ans. The roots of a flowering plant serve several functions. Firstly, they anchor the plant in the soil, providing stability. Secondly, roots absorb water and minerals from the soil, which are essential for plant growth. They also store nutrients and carbohydrates for future use. Additionally, roots facilitate the transport of water and nutrients to the stem and leaves through a network of specialized tissues called xylem and phloem.
3. What is the role of flowers in flowering plants?
Ans. Flowers play a vital role in the reproductive process of flowering plants. They contain male and female reproductive structures. The male part, called the stamen, produces pollen grains that carry sperm cells. The female part, called the pistil or carpel, contains the ovary, where the eggs are produced. Pollination occurs when pollen is transferred from the stamen to the pistil, leading to fertilization. Flowers also attract pollinators, such as insects or birds, through their colorful petals and nectar.
4. How does photosynthesis occur in flowering plants?
Ans. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy. In flowering plants, photosynthesis mainly takes place in the leaves. The leaves contain specialized cells called chloroplasts that contain a pigment called chlorophyll. Chlorophyll absorbs sunlight and converts it into chemical energy through a series of reactions. Carbon dioxide from the air enters the leaves through tiny openings called stomata, and water is absorbed through the roots. These components, along with sunlight, are used to produce glucose (sugar) and release oxygen.
5. What is the purpose of fruits in flowering plants?
Ans. Fruits serve multiple purposes in flowering plants. Firstly, they protect and contain seeds, which are essential for plant reproduction. When a flower is fertilized and its ovary develops into a fruit, the seeds are enclosed within the fruit's protective layer. This ensures that the seeds are dispersed away from the parent plant, increasing their chances of germination. Additionally, fruits often attract animals to eat them. As animals consume the fruits, they may unknowingly disperse the seeds in different locations, allowing for wider distribution and colonization of new areas.
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