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Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work | CSAT Preparation - UPSC PDF Download

Before we proceed with the questions and important formulas, it's crucial for candidates to have a good understanding of the concept and the types of questions that can be asked in the exam.

The concept of time and work revolves around how long it takes for an individual or a group of people to finish a task, as well as the effectiveness of their work. It involves understanding how efficiently each person contributes to the overall completion of the work.

Given below are the basic type of questions that may be asked in the exam with respect to the time and work topic:

  • Calculating the efficiency of an individual.
  • Determining the time required by an individual to complete a specific task.
  • Estimating the time needed by a group of individuals to finish a particular job.
  • Evaluating the amount of work accomplished by an individual within a given time period.
  • Assessing the combined work achieved by a group of individuals within a specified time frame.

Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work | CSAT Preparation - UPSC

Formulas Used

Having knowledge of formulas can instantly connect you to a solution as soon as you encounter a question. Consequently, being familiar with the formula for any numerical ability topic simplifies both the solution process and the associated calculations.

Before you solve the questions, it is important that you are well aware of the basic concept, standard formulas, and types of questions for the same.

  1. Work Done = Time Taken × Rate of Work
  2. Rate of Work = 1 / Time Taken
  3. Time Taken = 1 / Rate of Work
  4. If A can do a piece of work in n days, work done by A in 1 day = 1/n
    If A does 1/n work in a day, A can finish the work in n days.
  5. Total Work Done = Number of Days × Efficiency
  6. Efficiency and Time are inversely proportional to each other
  7. A does a particular job in ‘a’ hours and B does the same job in ‘b’ hours, together they will take:Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work | CSAT Preparation - UPSC
  8. A does a particular job in ‘a’ hours more than A and B combined whereas B does the same job in ‘b’ hours more than A and B combined, then together they will take Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work | CSAT Preparation - UPSC hours to finish the job.
  9. Total Work Done = Number of Days × Efficiency
  10. x:y is the ratio of the number of men who are required to complete a piece of work, then the ratio of the time taken by them to complete the work will be y:x
  11. If M1 men can do W1 work in D1 days with T1 working hours/day and M2 men can do W2 work in D2 days with T2 working hours/day, then:Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work | CSAT Preparation - UPSC

Question for Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work
Try yourself:A can do a work in 15 days and B in 20 days. If they work on it together for 4 days, then the fraction of the work that is left is :
View Solution

Time and work Formula- Based on wages

1) Total Wage = Total number of days × Wage of a person’s daily wage

2) Wage is directly proportional to the amount of work performed and

3)Wage is directly proportional to the number of hours each person works in a day.

4) Wage is inversely related to the amount of time spent by the employee.

5)If A and B can complete a task in x and y days, respectively, their salaries will be paid out in a y:x ratio. Consequently, A and B’s salaries will be

Total wages y/(x + y) = Wage of A.

Total wages x/(x + y) = Wage of B

Some Tips to Remember

  • A does a particular job in ‘a’ hours, B does the same job in ‘b’ hours and C does the same job in ‘c’ hours, then together they will take (abc/ab+bc+ca) hours.
  • If A does a particular job in ‘a’ hours and A&B together do the job in ‘t’ hours, the B alone will take (at/a - t) hours.
  • If A does a particular job in ‘a’ hours, B does the same job in ‘b’ hours and ABC together do the job in ‘t’ hours, then
    ⇒ C alone can do it in (abt/ab - at - bt) hours
    ⇒ A and C together can do it in (bt/b - t) hours
    ⇒ B and C together can do it in (at/a - t) hours
  • If the objective is to fill the tank, then the Inlet pipes do positive work whereas the Outlet pipes do negative work.
    If the objective is to empty the tank, then the Outlet pipes do positive work whereas the Inlet Pipes do negative work.

Question for Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work
Try yourself:A works twice as fast as B. If B can complete a work in 12 days independently, the number of days in which A and B can together finish the work in :
View Solution

Time and Work Tricks

Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work | CSAT Preparation - UPSC

Apart from the basic formulas, Let’s learn some short tricks to solve the problems more quickly based on Time and work.

  • If A can do can work in ‘n’ days, Then The efficiency of A is “1/n”
  • If individuals can do W1 work in D1 days while putting in T1 hours per day, and M individuals can complete W2 work in D2 days while putting in T2 hours per day, then the relationship between them is If A and B can each complete a piece of work in days, then (A + Bone )’s day work-

Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work | CSAT Preparation - UPSC

  • Time required by (A + B) to finish the task –

Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work | CSAT Preparation - UPSC

  • If there are ‘n’ people (more than two), then their work in one day is equal to where x1, x2, and x3 reflect the number of days it took them to finish the task.

Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work | CSAT Preparation - UPSC

  • If A takes days longer than (A + B) to complete a task and B takes y days longer than (A + B) to do the same task, then (A + B) finishes the task in √xy days.
  • If A & B can perform a task in days and A can do so on their own in days, then the number of days needed by B to finish the task is

Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work | CSAT Preparation - UPSC

  • If A and B can complete a task in days, B and C can complete the same task in days, and A and C can complete it in days, then A, B, and C working together can complete that task in-

Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work | CSAT Preparation - UPSC

  • If A can accomplish a task in days and B can do it more quickly than A, then B will finish the task in

Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work | CSAT Preparation - UPSC

Let's solve some questions on time and work.

Solved Questions: Time and Work

Q 1. A builder appoints three construction workers Akash, Sunil and Rakesh to one of his sites. They take 20, 30 and 60 days respectively to do a piece of work. How many days will it take Akash to complete the entire work if he is assisted by Sunil and Rakesh every third day?

  1. 10 days
  2. 15 days
  3. 25 days
  4. 30 days
  5. 45 days

Solution:

Answer: (2) 15 days
Total work done by Akash, Sunil and Rakesh in 1 day = {(1/20) + (1/30) + (1/60)} = 1/10
Work done along by Akash in 2 days = (1/20) × 2 = 1/10
Work Done in 3 days (1 day of all three together + 2 days of Akash’s work) = (1/10) + (1/10) = 1/5
So, work done in 3 days = 1/5
Time taken to complete the work = 5×3 = 15 days


Q 2. To complete a piece of work, Samir takes 6 days and Tanvir takes 8 days alone respectively. Samir and Tanvir took Rs.2400 to do this work. When Amir joined them, the work was done in 3 days. What amount was paid to Amir?

  1. Rs. 300
  2. Rs. 400
  3. Rs. 800
  4. Rs. 500
  5. Rs. 100

Solution:

Answer: (1) Rs.300
Total work done by Samir and Tanvir = {(1/6) + (1/8)} = 7/24
Work done by Amir in 1 day = (1/3) – (7/24) = 1/24
Amount distributed between each of them =  (1/6) : (1/8) : (1/24) = 4:3:1
Amount paid to Amir = (1/24) × 3 × 2400 = Rs.300

Q 3. Dev completed the school project in 20 days. How many days will Arun take to complete the same work if he is 25% more efficient than Dev? 

  1. 10 days
  2. 12 days
  3. 16 days
  4. 15 days
  5. 5 days

Solution:

Answer: (3) 16 days
Let the days taken by Arun to complete the work be x
The ratio of time taken by Arun and Dev = 125:100 = 5:4
5:4 :: 20:x
⇒ x = {(4×20) / 5}
⇒ x = 16


Q 4. Time taken by A to finish a piece of work is twice the time taken B and thrice the time taken by C. If all three of them work together, it takes them 2 days to complete the entire work. How much work was done by B alone?

  1. 2 days
  2. 6 days
  3. 3 days
  4. 5 days
  5. Cannot be determined

Solution:

Answer: (2) 6 days
Time taken by A  = x days
Time taken by B = x/2 days
Time Taken by C = x/3 days
⇒ {(1/x) + (2/x) + (3/x) = 1/2
⇒ 6/x = 1/2
⇒ x = 12
Time taken by B = x/2 = 12/2 = 6 days

Q 5. Sonal and Preeti started working on a project and they can complete the project in 30 days. Sonal worked for 16 days and Preeti completed the remaining work in 44 days. How many days would Preeti have taken to complete the entire project all by herself? 

  1. 20 days
  2. 25 days
  3. 55 days
  4. 46 days
  5. 60 days

Solution:

Answer: (5) 60 days
Let the work done by Sonal in 1 day be x
Let the work done by Preeti in 1 day be y
Then, x+y = 1/30 ——— (1)
⇒ 16x + 44y = 1  ——— (2)
Solving equation (1) and (2), 
x = 1/60
y = 1/60
Thus, Preeti can complete the entire work in 60 days.

Q 6: It takes 6 hours for pump A, used alone, to fill a tank of water. Pump B used alone takes 8 hours to fill the same tank. We want to use three pumps: A, B and another pump C to fill the tank in 2 hours. What should be the rate of pump C? How long would it take pump C, used alone, to fill the tank?

Solution:

Let the total capacity of the tank be C liters.

Fill rate of pump A, Fa = C/6 liters per hr

Fill rate of pump B, Fb = C/8 liters per hr

2 hrs x [Fa + Fb + Fc] = C => Fc = 5C/24 liters per hr

Let‘t’ be the time taken by only pump C to fill the tank.

‘t’ hrs x 5C/24 = C => t = 24/5 = 4.8 hrs

Q 7: A alone can do a piece of work in 6 days and B alone in 8 days. A and B undertook to do it for Rs.3200. With the help of C, they completed the work in 3 days. How much is to be paid to C?

Solution:

Let the total amount of work to be done be W units.

Productivity of A, Pa = W/6 units per day.

Productivity of B, Pb = W/8 units per day.

3 days x [Pa + Pb + Pc] = W => Pc = W/24 units per day

Ratio of wages of A: B: C = Ratios of their productivities = (W/6): (W/8): (W/24) = 4: 3: 1.

Amount to be paid to C = Rs.3200 x (1/8) = Rs.400

Q 8:  A and B can do a work in 3 days; B & C can do it in 4 days and A & C can do it in 6 days. In how many days will A, B & C finish it, if they work together?

Solution: A + B + C = 9/2

Time = 12 / (9/2) = 8/3 days


Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work | CSAT Preparation - UPSC

Q9: P is twice as good as Q and together they finish a piece of work in 36 days. The number of days taken by P alone to finish the work?

Solution: Given,

P is twice as good as Q.

⇒ (P’s 1 day’s work) / (Q’s 1 day’s work) = 2 / 1 Given,

⇒ (P + Q)’s 1 day’s work = 1/36

⇒ P’s 1 day’s work = (1/36) × (2/3) = 1/54

∴ P alone can finish work in 54 days.

Q 10:  A and B can complete a piece of work in 15 days and 10 days respectively. They got a contract to complete the work for Rs. 75000. The share of B (in Rs.) in the contracted money will be:

Solution: Ratio of number of days taken by A and B to complete the work = 15 : 10 = 3 : 2

∴ Ratio of efficiency of A and B = 2 : 3 Let their share is in the ratio of 2x and 3x Now,

2x + 3x = 75000

⇒ 5x = 75000

∴ x = 15000

∴ Share of B = 3x = 15000 × 3 = RS. 45000

The document Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work | CSAT Preparation - UPSC is a part of the UPSC Course CSAT Preparation.
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FAQs on Important Formulas & Tips: Time & Work - CSAT Preparation - UPSC

1. What is the formula used for solving time and work problems based on wages?
Ans. The formula used for solving time and work problems based on wages is: Time = Total Work / Work done in 1 day
2. What are some tips to remember while solving time and work problems?
Ans. Some tips to remember while solving time and work problems are: 1. Read the question carefully and understand the given information. 2. Identify the different workers and their individual rates of work. 3. Use the formula Time = Total Work / Work done in 1 day to calculate the time taken by each worker. 4. Pay attention to the units used in the question and make sure to convert them if necessary. 5. Double-check your calculations and answer to ensure accuracy.
3. What are some time and work tricks that can be used to solve problems quickly?
Ans. Some time and work tricks that can be used to solve problems quickly are: 1. If the work done by a person in a day is given, then the time taken by that person to complete the work can be calculated by dividing the total work by the work done in 1 day. 2. If the time taken by a person to complete a work is given, then the work done by that person in a day can be calculated by dividing the total work by the time taken. 3. If the time taken by two or more persons to complete a work together is given, then their combined work rate can be calculated by dividing the total work by the time taken. 4. If the work done by two or more persons in a day is given, then their combined work rate can be calculated by adding their individual work rates. 5. If the work done by a person in a day is given, then the time taken by that person to complete a fraction of the work can be calculated by dividing the fraction of the work by the work done in 1 day.
4. How can the time and work formula be used to solve problems related to wages?
Ans. The time and work formula can be used to solve problems related to wages by considering the wages earned by a worker in a given time period. The formula is: Wages = (Work done in 1 day / Time taken) * Rate of wages By substituting the values of work done in 1 day, time taken, and rate of wages, the wages earned by a worker can be calculated.
5. What should be done before applying the time and work formula to solve problems?
Ans. Before applying the time and work formula to solve problems, it is important to read the question carefully and understand the given information. Identify the different workers and their individual rates of work. Pay attention to the units used in the question and make sure to convert them if necessary. Double-check your calculations and answer to ensure accuracy. It is also recommended to practice solving different types of time and work problems to become familiar with the concepts and formulas.
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