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Mind Map: Ecosystem | Environment for UPSC CSE

The document Mind Map: Ecosystem | Environment for UPSC CSE is a part of the UPSC Course Environment for UPSC CSE.
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FAQs on Mind Map: Ecosystem - Environment for UPSC CSE

1. What is an ecosystem?
Ans. An ecosystem refers to a community of living organisms, including plants, animals, and microorganisms, interacting with each other and their physical environment. It encompasses both the biological community and the abiotic (non-living) factors in a specific area.
2. How are ecosystems formed?
Ans. Ecosystems are formed through a process called ecological succession. This can occur naturally over a long period or be influenced by human activities. Primary succession occurs in areas where no ecosystem previously existed, such as on bare rock or after a volcanic eruption. Secondary succession occurs in areas that have been disturbed but still retain soil, such as after a forest fire or farming.
3. What are the components of an ecosystem?
Ans. An ecosystem consists of two main components: biotic and abiotic factors. Biotic factors include all living organisms within the ecosystem, such as plants, animals, and microorganisms. Abiotic factors refer to non-living elements, such as temperature, sunlight, water, soil composition, and air quality, that influence the ecosystem and the organisms living in it.
4. How do organisms interact within an ecosystem?
Ans. Organisms interact within an ecosystem through various relationships. These interactions can be categorized into three main types: competition, predation, and mutualism. Competition occurs when organisms compete for limited resources, such as food or habitat. Predation involves one organism hunting and consuming another for food. Mutualism refers to a mutually beneficial relationship between two or more organisms, where both parties benefit from the interaction.
5. How can human activities impact ecosystems?
Ans. Human activities can have significant impacts on ecosystems. Deforestation, pollution, overfishing, and climate change are some examples. These activities can disrupt the balance within ecosystems, leading to the loss of biodiversity, habitat destruction, and the decline of various species. It is important to practice sustainable and responsible behaviors to minimize the negative impacts of human activities on ecosystems.
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