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Mindmap: Political Parties | Social Studies (SST) Class 10

The document Mindmap: Political Parties | Social Studies (SST) Class 10 is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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FAQs on Mindmap: Political Parties - Social Studies (SST) Class 10

1. What are political parties and why are they important?
Political parties are organized groups of individuals who share similar political beliefs and goals. They play a crucial role in democratic systems by representing the interests and viewpoints of different sections of society. Political parties are important as they help in shaping public opinion, formulating policies, and contesting elections to gain political power.
2. How do political parties choose their leaders?
The process of selecting leaders within political parties varies, but it often involves a combination of internal party elections and decision-making by party members. In some cases, party leaders may be elected through a primary election, where party members and supporters vote to choose their preferred candidate. In other cases, party leaders may be selected through a closed-door process involving party officials and senior members.
3. What is the role of political parties in policy-making?
Political parties play a crucial role in policy-making by developing and advocating for their own policy proposals. They engage in policy debates, propose legislation, and push for the implementation of their ideas when in power. Through their elected representatives, political parties also influence the policy-making process by shaping public opinion and participating in parliamentary committees and debates.
4. How do political parties fund their activities?
Political parties obtain funds through various sources, including membership fees, donations from individuals, fundraising events, and contributions from businesses and interest groups. In some countries, political parties may receive public funding based on their performance in elections or the number of seats they hold in the legislature. However, the issue of party funding is often a subject of debate and regulation to ensure transparency and prevent corruption.
5. How do political parties differ from interest groups or pressure groups?
While political parties and interest groups both aim to influence government policies, they differ in their structure and objectives. Political parties seek to gain political power by contesting elections and forming governments, with a broader focus on representing the interests of a diverse range of citizens. Interest groups, on the other hand, are more specific in their objectives and represent the interests of particular sections of society, such as trade unions, environmental organizations, or professional associations. They often engage in lobbying and advocacy to shape policies but do not directly participate in electoral politics.
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