Worksheet Solution: States of Matter

# States of Matter Class 3 Worksheet Science

### Q1: Multiple Choice Questions

(i) Which state of matter does not take the shape of the container?
(a) Liquid

(b) Solid
(c) Gas
(d) None of these

Ans:  C.

Gases have the following characteristics: no definite shape (takes the shape of its container) no definite volume. particles move in random motion with little or no attraction to each other.

(ii) Matter in a gaseous state has :
(a) fixed shape and fixed volume
(b) no fixed shape but fixed volume
(c) fixed shape but no fixed volume
(d) no fixed shape and no fixed volume

Ans:  D.

Matter in the gaseous state has both variable volume and shape, adapting both to fit its container.

(iii) We can change the state of matter by :
(a) heating
(b) cooling
(c) (a) or (b)
(d) none of these

Ans:  C.

Matter can change from one state to another if heated or cooled. If ice (a solid) is heated it changes to water (a liquid).

(iv) How many states of matter are there?
(a) Two
(b) Three
(c) Four
(d) None of these

Ans:  B.

There are three basic states of matter: solid, liquid, and gas.

(v) Matter in a liquid state has :
(a) fixed shape and fixed volume
(b) no fixed shape but fixed volume
(c) fixed shape but no fixed volume
(d) no fixed shape and no fixed volume

Ans:  B.

Matter in the liquid state maintains a fixed volume, but has a variable shape that adapts to fit its container. Its particles are still close together but move freely.

### Q2: Fill in the blanks

mixture, liquids, matter, solids, gases
(a) Solids have a definite shape.
(b) Air is a mixture of many gases.
(c) Anything that occupies space and has weight is called matter.
(d) Liquids and gases take the shape of the container in which they are kept.

EduRev Tips:

• Solids have a fixed shape and a fixed size. The particles are very close together and held in place by strong forces (bonds).
• Air is a mixture of different gases. The air in Earth's atmosphere is made up of approximately 78 percent nitrogen and 21 percent oxygen.
• Matter is anything that has mass and takes up space.
• A liquid can flow and take the shape of its container. Gases don't have a fixed shape or a fixed volume. The particles move around all the time and spread out. This is why a gas fills its container.

### Q3: Answer the following questions.

(i) What is matter?

Matter is anything that has weight and takes up space. Everything you can see and touch is made up of matter. Matter exists in three main forms: solids, liquids, and gases. It also has properties that we can describe through density, solubility, conductivity, etc.

(ii) Which two states of matter have definite volume?

Solids have a definite shape and volume. Liquids have a definite volume, but take the shape of the container.

(iii) What is the difference between liquids and gases?

Liquids (substances that exist in the liquid state) don't have any fixed shape and occupy a fixed volume. They are slightly compressible and take the shape of their containers. Gases (substances that exist in the gaseous state) don't have any fixed shape and don't occupy any fixed volume.

(iv) Which two states of matter do not have a definite shape?

• Three states of matter exist – solid, liquid, and gas.
• Solids have a definite shape and volume.
• Liquids have a definite volume, but take the shape of the container.
• Gases have no definite shape or volume.

(v) How can you say that liquids do not have a definite shape?

In a liquid, the particles are still in close contact, so liquids have a definite volume. However, because the particles can move about each other rather freely, a liquid has no definite shape and takes a shape dictated by its container.

### Q4: Put a tick (✔) or a cross (✖) against each statement.

(a) Matter exists in three states. (YES)
(b) Air is a mixture of gases like oxygen, carbon dioxide, nitrogen, etc. (YES)
(c) We cannot change the state of matter by heating or cooling. (NO)
(d) Solids take the shape of the container in which they are kept. (NO)
(e) Gases cannot flow from one place to another. (YES)

EduRev Tips:

• Three states of matter exist – solid, liquid, and gas.
• Air is a mixture of different gases. The air in Earth's atmosphere is made up of approximately 78 percent nitrogen and 21 percent oxygen.
• Matter can change from one state to another if heated or cooled. If ice (a solid) is heated it changes to water (a liquid).
• Solids are non-compressible and have constant volume and constant shape.
• Liquids and gases are also called fluids: because they can flow.

### Oral questions.

Q5: Name two liquids which we use in vehicles.

Petrol, diesel

Q6: Name two liquids which we can drink.

Water, cold drink

The document States of Matter Class 3 Worksheet Science is a part of the Class 3 Course Science for Class 3.
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## FAQs on States of Matter Class 3 Worksheet Science

 1. What are the three states of matter?
Ans. The three states of matter are solid, liquid, and gas. In the solid state, particles are tightly packed and have a fixed shape and volume. In the liquid state, particles are close together but can move and take the shape of the container. In the gas state, particles are far apart and can move freely.
 2. How does a substance change from one state to another?
Ans. A substance changes from one state to another by either gaining or losing energy. When a solid is heated, it gains energy and melts into a liquid. When a liquid is heated further, it gains more energy and evaporates into a gas. On the other hand, when a gas loses energy, it condenses into a liquid, and when a liquid loses more energy, it solidifies into a solid.
 3. What is the melting point of a substance?
Ans. The melting point of a substance is the temperature at which it changes from a solid to a liquid. It is a characteristic property of each substance and remains constant as long as the pressure is constant. For example, the melting point of ice is 0 degrees Celsius or 32 degrees Fahrenheit.
 4. What is the boiling point of a substance?
Ans. The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which it changes from a liquid to a gas. Like the melting point, it is also a characteristic property of each substance. The boiling point of water, for instance, is 100 degrees Celsius or 212 degrees Fahrenheit at sea level.
 5. How does the arrangement of particles differ in solids, liquids, and gases?
Ans. In solids, particles are closely packed together and arranged in a regular pattern, forming a rigid structure. In liquids, particles are also close together but are not arranged in a specific pattern, allowing them to flow and take the shape of the container. In gases, particles are far apart and move randomly, filling the entire space available to them.

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