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How to Solve Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) In the CLAT Examination? | How to Study for CLAT PDF Download

The LL.B./CLAT Entrance Examination examines you by adopting the methodology of 'Multiple Choice Questions. You are required to pick up the most suitable answer, out of the four given alternatives. For every correct answer, you gain 4 marks and in some entrance examinations, you lose 1 mark for every wrong answer.

Before Starting, Some Points to Remember

  • Law Schools want candidates who are capable of being groomed and developed as lawyers. The candidate's profile must fit the requirements of the profession.
  • Be relaxed while attempting the questions. Be logical in your reasoning.
  • The points you raise should be well organized with substance. 
  • Express yourself as clearly as possible in your chosen medium.
  • The 'test' as it is termed is only a friendly attempt to know you. Be relaxed and hopeful.

Let’s Begin!

The Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) have one unique feature. They are based on the 'Principle of Recognition. You don't have to bear the burden of recollecting and recalling everything rather you might have read. The information is hidden somewhere in your sub-conscience, which is activated as soon as you see the correct answer.

Let us take an example:
The density of water is maximum at
(a) -32°C
(b) -40°C
(c) 4°F
(d) 4°C

In the days preceding the exam, if you have even once read, that the density of water is maximum at 4°C, you will have no problem marking the choice (d).

This question illustrates, what is known as the "simple" MCQ. But this is by no means the only type of MCQ. In fact, the majority of MCQs require more intelligence.

Take For Example A "Matching Type" MCQ: Match the Following:
(I) Gandhi  
(II) Jinnah  
(III) Nehru  
(IV) Gokhale

(1) Servants of Indian Society
(2) Young India
(3) Congress Socialist Party
(4) Muslim League
How to Solve Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) In the CLAT Examination? | How to Study for CLAT
Here the correct choice is (b). Obviously, you have to know a range of facts to get this one correct.

The third type of MCQ has more than one correct response.
Note in the example given below, that you must know both, that Ashoka promoted Buddhism and that he conquered Kalinga to mark (b) which is the correct choice. Ashoka...
(I) Conquered Kalinga
(II) Promoted Buddhism
(III) Visited China
(IV) Promoted hunting and meat eating

(a) All are correct
(b) Only I & II are correct
(c) Only I, III & IV are correct
(d) Only II & III are correct.
Your ability to link up facts is best tested by the Assertion-Reasoning type of MCQ. Consider the example given below:

ASSERTION (A): The British established and developed Indian Railways.
REASON (R): The British were keenly interested in India's economic development.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.

Of course, the British didn't give a damn about India's economic development. They were only interested in bleeding India dry. Every action of theirs was prompted by the desire to keep India enslaved, and the development of railways was part of the strengthening the British Administration by improving the means of communication. The correct choice is, therefore, (c).

The fifth type of MCQ asks you to draw inferences after studying a given graph/chart/diagram etc.
For example, from the graph below, which would be the most suitable inference?
How to Solve Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) In the CLAT Examination? | How to Study for CLAT

(a) Population growth is stable
(b) Population is decreasing
(c) Population is increasing
(d) No trend is obvious

When the birth rate exceeds the death rate, the only logical inference can be, that the population is increasing, hence the correct response is (c).
You can also be asked to rank items, order or sequence them. Consider the example given below, where the most suitable choice is (d).

The following are essential for survival. Arrange them according to their necessity:
(I) Water
(II) Oxygen
(III) Food
(IV) Clothes
 
(a) I, II, III, IV
(b) I, III, IV, I
(c) II, IV, III, I
(d) II, III, I, IV

Finally, a question may be posed to you in a true-false format, for example:
(1) Constitution of India is the supreme law of the land
(II) Parliament can entirely rewrite the Constitution
(III) Supreme Court can delete Articles of Constitution in the public interest
(IV) Constitution of India came into force on 26th January 1950

(a) All statements are true
(b) I & IV are true
(c) III & IV are false
(d) II & III are true 

Here (b) is the correct choice.

Some MCQs can be very tricky. Here all options are correct, but do not tell the whole truth; only one option is the best representative answer. You should be patient enough to read all the four options and then select the correct or the best answer. Consider, the an example is given below carefully: The President of India is elected by:
(a) the members of Parliament and State Assemblies
(b) elected members of Parliament and State Assemblies
(c) elected members of Parliament and State Assemblies by proportional representation
(d) the elected members of Parliament and State Assemblies by secret ballot, through proportional representation and a single transferable vote system.
The answers given above are correct and complete in descending order. You might get trapped in a wrong answer if you do not exercise the patience of reading all four choices. Answer (d) is obviously the correct choice.

The point being made is, that, you must read the question and all the options with utmost caution and concentration, before making your choice.
Finally, a word needs to be said about guesswork. As there is negative marking for every incorrect response, your guessing must be restrained and scientific. According to the 'Law of Probability, if there are four equally unknown choices, the probability of making the correct choice is 25%. You are advised to use the 'principle of elimination' and take a guess only if you have narrowed down your choice to two options. For example Aversion to the number 13 is called
(a) Trikaedekaphobia
(b) Claustrophobia
(c) Hydrophobia
(d) Kaliedophobia

In this example, if you know that Claustrophobia means 'a morbid dread of closed places' and Hydrophobia means 'dread of water, then you can take a guess between choices (a) and (d). You have a 50% probability of choosing (a) or Trikaedekaphobia and hitting the nail on its head.

An awareness of the formats in which questions are set and of the scientific ways of dealing with them are important ingredients of your preparedness. Preparedness as the adage goes is the pre-condition of success. Where all questions are important and every mark counts, your endeavour must be to put up a fight to every question. If you can develop the art of thinking, winning this fight is not difficult!

The document How to Solve Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) In the CLAT Examination? | How to Study for CLAT is a part of the CLAT Course How to Study for CLAT.
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FAQs on How to Solve Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) In the CLAT Examination? - How to Study for CLAT

1. How should I approach solving multiple choice questions in the CLAT examination?
Ans. To solve multiple choice questions (MCQs) in the CLAT examination, it is important to follow a systematic approach. Start by carefully reading the question and all the options provided. Try to eliminate any options that you know are incorrect. If you are unsure about the answer, use the process of elimination to narrow down the choices. Look for clues or keywords in the question that can help you identify the correct answer. If you are still unsure, make an educated guess based on your understanding of the topic. Remember to manage your time effectively and move on to the next question if you are stuck.
2. How can I effectively eliminate incorrect options in MCQs of the CLAT examination?
Ans. Eliminating incorrect options in MCQs of the CLAT examination can be done by carefully analyzing each option and comparing it with the information provided in the question. Look for contradictions or inconsistencies between the options and the question stem. Cross out any options that are factually incorrect or contradict the given information. Additionally, consider the context and logic of the question to eliminate options that do not make sense. By systematically eliminating incorrect options, you can increase your chances of selecting the correct answer.
3. Are there any specific strategies to manage time while solving MCQs in the CLAT examination?
Ans. Yes, time management is crucial while solving MCQs in the CLAT examination. Here are a few strategies to effectively manage your time: 1. Read the question carefully and quickly: Skim through the question to understand the main idea and quickly identify the type of question. 2. Set a time limit for each question: Assign a specific time limit for each question and try to stick to it. If you are unable to solve a question within the time limit, move on to the next one and come back to it later if time permits. 3. Prioritize easy questions: Start with the questions that you find relatively easier. This will help you gain confidence and save time for more challenging questions later. 4. Use the process of elimination: If you are unsure about an answer, use the process of elimination to narrow down the choices. This will help you make an educated guess and save time. 5. Practice time-bound mock tests: Regularly practice solving MCQs within a time limit to improve your speed and accuracy. By implementing these strategies, you can effectively manage your time and maximize your performance in the CLAT examination.
4. What should I do if I am completely unsure about the answer to an MCQ in the CLAT examination?
Ans. If you are completely unsure about the answer to an MCQ in the CLAT examination, it is advisable to make an educated guess. Consider the options and try to eliminate any that you know are incorrect. Look for clues or keywords in the question that can help you make an informed guess. If you are still unsure, choose the option that seems most reasonable or aligns with your general understanding of the topic. Remember, there is no negative marking in the CLAT examination, so it is better to take a calculated risk rather than leaving the question unanswered.
5. Can I use any specific techniques to improve my performance in solving MCQs for the CLAT examination?
Ans. Yes, there are a few techniques that can help improve your performance in solving MCQs for the CLAT examination: 1. Develop a strong foundation: Ensure that you have a good understanding of the basic concepts and principles related to the subjects covered in the examination. This will help you answer questions more confidently and accurately. 2. Practice regularly: Regular practice is essential to improve your speed and accuracy in solving MCQs. Solve previous years' question papers and take mock tests to familiarize yourself with the exam pattern and gain confidence. 3. Analyze your mistakes: After solving practice tests or mock exams, analyze your mistakes and identify the areas where you need improvement. Focus on strengthening those areas through targeted studying and practice. 4. Time yourself: While practicing, set time limits for each question or section to simulate the actual examination conditions. This will help you improve your time management skills and perform better under pressure. 5. Stay updated with current affairs: The CLAT examination often includes questions related to current affairs. Stay updated with the latest news, events, and developments to improve your performance in this section. By incorporating these techniques into your preparation, you can enhance your performance in solving MCQs for the CLAT examination.
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