Q1: Answer the following questions based on the diagram given below:
(i) What factors influence the filtration of a solution?
Ans: Various factors affect filtration, including:
(ii) Define filtration.
Ans: Filtration is the process of separating insoluble particles from liquids. It involves employing physical, mechanical, or biological methods to isolate solids from fluids. The filtrate, which is the liquid
(iii) How is filtration performed?
Ans: The fundamental filtration method involves using gravity to filter a mixture. The mixture is poured onto a filter medium (like filter paper) from above, and gravity pulls the liquid down. The solid remains on the filter, while the liquid, known as the filtrate, flows through.
Q4. The liquid that passes through the filter paper during filtration is called what?
Filtration separates insoluble solids from a liquid or gas. The liquid that passes through the filter paper is referred to as the filtrate.
(v) What is the purpose of filter paper?
Ans: Filter paper serves the purpose of effectively filtering out solid particles from a liquid or gas mixture. It provides a medium for separating solids from fluids during the filtration process.
Q2: Answer the following questions based on the diagram given below:
(i) What causes the bluish tinge in the light passed through the mixture of water and milk?
Ans: The bluish tinge is caused by the scattering of light by milk particles, resulting in the Tyndall effect.
(ii) Define the Tyndall effect based on the observation in the experiment.
Ans: The Tyndall effect is the scattering of light by colloidal particles, as observed when light passes through the mixture of water and milk.
(iii) Explain why the solution of copper sulfate does not show the Tyndall effect.
Ans: The solution of copper sulfate does not show the Tyndall effect because the copper sulfate particles are too small to scatter light effectively, unlike the larger milk particles.
(iv) What is the significance of observing the Tyndall effect in the mixture of water and milk?
Ans: The observation of the Tyndall effect in the mixture of water and milk indicates that milk is a colloidal solution, as colloidal particles scatter light, causing the bluish tinge.
(v) Which term best describes the mixture of water and milk based on the experiment?