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Directions: Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.
As she named the Empress, Anna Pavlovna’s face suddenly assumed an expression of profound and sincere devotion and respect, mingled with sadness, and this occurred every time she mentioned her illustrious patroness. She added that her Majesty had deigned to show Baron Funke beaucoup d’estime, and again her face clouded over with sadness.
The prince was silent and looked indifferent. But, with the womanly and courtier-like quickness and tact habitual to her, Anna Pavlovna wished both to rebuke him (for daring to speak as he had done of a man recommended to the Empress) and at the same time to console him, so she said— ‘Mais à propos de votre famille, did you know your daughter, since she came out, fait les délices de tout le monde. On la trouve belle, comme le jour.’2 The prince bowed to signify his respect and gratitude.
‘I often think,’ she continued after a short pause, drawing nearer to the prince and smiling amiably at him as if to show that political and social topics were ended and the time had come for intimate conversation—‘I often think how unfairly sometimes the joys of life are distributed. Why has fate given you two such splendid children? I don’t speak of Anatole, your youngest. I don’t like him,’ she added in a tone admitting of no rejoinder and raising her eyebrows. ‘Two such charming children. And really you appreciate them less than anyone, and so you don’t deserve to have them.’
And she smiled her ecstatic smile. ‘Que voulez-vous? Lafater aurait dAs she named the Empress, Anna Pavlovna’s face suddenly assumed an expression of profound and sincere devotion and respect, mingled with sadness, and this occurred every time she mentioned her illustrious patroness. She added that her Majesty had deigned to show Baron Funke beaucoup d’estime, and again her face clouded over with sadness. The prince was silent and looked indifferent. But, with the womanly and courtier-like quickness and tact habitual to her, Anna Pavlovna wished both to rebuke him (for daring to speak as he had done of a man recommended to the Empress) and at the same time to console him, so she said— ‘Mais à propos de votre famille, did you know your daughter, since she came out, fait les délices de tout le monde. On la trouve belle, comme le jour.’2 The prince bowed to signify his respect and gratitude.
‘I often think,’ she continued after a short pause, drawing nearer to the prince and smiling amiably at him as if to show that political and social topics were ended and the time had come for intimate conversation—‘I often think how unfairly sometimes the joys of life are distributed. Why has fate given you two such splendid children? I don’t speak of Anatole, your youngest. I don’t like him,’ she added in a tone admitting of no rejoinder and raising her eyebrows. ‘Two such charming children.
[Extracts from WAR AND PEACE Translated with Notes by LOUISE and AYLMER MAUDE Revised and Edited with an Introduction by AMY MANDELKER]
Q1: What figure of speech is used in "Anna Pavlovna’s face suddenly assumed an expression of profound and sincere devotion and respect, mingled with sadness"?
(a) Metaphor
(b) Simile
(c) Personification
(d) Hyperbole
Ans:
(c)
Sol: Personification is attributed here as human qualities (profound and sincere devotion and respect, mingled with sadness) are given to Anna Pavlovna's face.


Q2: Identify the figure of speech in "the joys of life are distributed."
(a) Metaphor
(b) Oxymoron
(c) Personification
(d) Hyperbole
Ans: 
(c)
Sol: Personification is used as the abstract concept of 'joys of life' is described as being capable of being 'distributed,' a human action.


Q3: What figure of speech is evident in "smiling amiably at him"?
(a) Metonymy
(b) Simile
(c) Metaphor
(d) None of the above
Ans:
(d)
Sol: This phrase is a straightforward description without any figurative language.


Q4: The phrase "fait les délices de tout le monde" employs which figure of speech?
(a) Hyperbole
(b) Metaphor
(c) Alliteration
(d) Irony
Ans:
(a)
Sol: Hyperbole is used here, as the phrase exaggerates the delight the daughter brings to everyone, implying it's beyond the usual measure.


Q5: In "her face clouded over with sadness," what figure of speech is being used?
(a) Simile
(b) Metaphor
(c) Personification
(d) Onomatopoeia
Ans:
(b)
Sol: This is a metaphor, as 'her face clouded over' compares her growing sadness to a cloud covering something, without using 'like' or 'as.'

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