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Vocabulary Based Questions - 1 | English for CLAT PDF Download

Directions: Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Through long ages the Valar dwelt in bliss in the light of the Trees beyond the Mountains of Aman, but all Middle-earth lay in a twilight under the stars. While the Lamps had shone, growth began there which now was checked, because all was again dark. But already the oldest living things had arisen: in the seas the great weeds, and on earth the shadow of great trees; and in the valleys of the night-clad hills there were dark creatures old and strong.
To those lands and forests the Valar seldom came, save only Yavanna and Oromë; and Yavanna would walk there in the shadows, grieving because the growth and promise of the Spring of Arda was stayed. And she set a sleep upon many things that had arisen in the Spring, so that they should not age, but should wait for a time of awakening that yet should be. But in the north Melkor built his strength, and he slept not, but watched, and laboured; and the evil things that he had perverted walked abroad, and the dark and slumbering woods were haunted by monsters and shapes of dread.
And in Utumno he gathered his demons about him, those spirits who first adhered to him in the days of his splendour, and became most like him in his corruption: their hearts were of fire, but they were cloaked in darkness, and terror went before them; they had whips of flame. Balrogs they were named in Middle-earth in later days.
And in that dark time Melkor bred many other monsters of divers shapes and kinds that long troubled the world; and his realm spread now ever southward over Middle-earth. And Melkor made also a fortress and armoury not far from the northwestern shores of the sea, to resist any assault that might come from Aman. That stronghold was commanded by Sauron, lieutenant of Melkor; and it was named Angband.
It came to pass that the Valar held council, for they became troubled by the tidings that Yavanna and Oromë brought from the Outer Lands; and Yavanna spoke before the Valar, saying: ‘Ye mighty of Arda, the Vision of Ilúvatar was brief and soon taken away, so that maybe we cannot guess within a narrow count of days the hour appointed. Yet be sure of this: the hour approaches, and within this age our hope shall be revealed, and the Children shall awake. Shall we then leave the lands of their dwelling desolate and full of evil? Shall they walk in darkness while we have light? Shall they call Melkor lord while Manwë sits upon Taniquetil?’
[Extracts from The Silmarillion edited by CHRISTOPHER TOLKIEN Illustrated by TED NASMITH]
Q1: What does the word 'bliss' as used in the passage most closely mean?
(a) Misery
(b) Ecstasy
(c) Confusion
(d) Anger
Ans:
(b)
Sol: 'Bliss' refers to extreme happiness or joy. In the context of the passage, it describes the state of the Valar, suggesting they were in a state of great happiness or ecstasy.


Q2: Choose the word that is an antonym of 'slumbering' as it is used in the text.
(a) Dormant
(b) Awake
(c) Resting
(d) Inactive
Ans:
(b)
Sol: 'Slumbering' means to sleep or to be in a state of inactivity. The antonym, therefore, is 'awake,' which means to be alert and active.


Q3: The phrase 'the Vision of Ilúvatar' can be best understood as an example of:
(a) A euphemism
(b) A metaphor
(c) An allegory
(d) A hyperbole
Ans:
(c)
Sol: An allegory is a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one. 'The Vision of Ilúvatar' in the passage seems to represent more than just a literal vision, likely embodying broader themes or concepts.


Q4: What is the most suitable synonym for 'perverted' as used in the passage?
(a) Twisted
(b) Straightened
(c) Enlightened
(d) Clarified
Ans:
(a)
Sol: In the passage, 'perverted' implies something that has been corrupted or distorted from its original course or meaning. 'Twisted' is a synonym that conveys a similar sense of distortion or corruption.


Q5: The term 'fortress' in the context of the passage can be best described as:
(a) A one-word substitution for 'place of refuge.'
(b) An idiom meaning 'place of thought.'
(c) A metaphor for 'strength.'
(d) A literal description of a military stronghold.
Ans:
(d)
Sol: In the passage, 'fortress' is used in its literal sense, referring to a fortified place, especially a large military stronghold. It describes Melkor's stronghold, Angband, in a literal manner.

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