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Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT PDF Download

Synonyms, Antonyms & Homonyms form an important part of exam. Candidates frequently face questions related to synonyms and antonyms in the English language Section. 

  • Candidates tend to lose marks in the English section if their vocabulary is not up to the mark. The usage of Synonyms and Antonyms is essential in day-to-day communication as well.
  •  Hence, EduRev is providing the list of Synonyms, Antonyms & Homonyms containing more than 400 English synonyms and antonym words.  
  • Before learning various words of synonyms, antonyms & homonyms, let us first understand the meaning of these words: 

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

What are Antonyms?

Antonyms are words that mean the opposite of other words. Check the examples.

Antonym examples:

  • Admire – Detest
  • Bravery – Cowardice
  • Crooked – Straight
  • Dainty – Clumsy
  • Economise – Waste


Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

 Additional Information on Antonyms  

  • The antonym of big is small, for example. Pretty easy, right? Well, slow down there, there's something to be learned in this. 
  • English lets its speakers make their own antonyms just by adding a prefix. The ability to make up one's own words and have them be real words is something truly lovable about English.
  • Mis, dis, dys, mal, in, and un are all prefixes one can affix to words to create antonyms.
    Examples:
    (i) Official becomes unofficial.
    (ii) Flexible becomes inflexible.
    (iii) Adroit becomes maladroit.
    (iv) Functional becomes dysfunctional.
    (v) Peptic becomes dyspeptic.
    (vi) Philanthropist becomes misanthropist.

Careful: changing prefixes doesn't always work, like flammable and inflammable pretty much mean the same thing––they're synonyms.

What are Synonyms?


Synonyms are words that share meanings with other words.  Check the examples.

  • Artful – Crafty
  • Ballot – Poll
  • Chorus – Refrain
  • Deceptive – Misleading
  • Enormous – Immense

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

Additional Information on Synonyms  


There are many reasons why synonyms are great. Here are three:

  • Writers use synonyms in their writing: Using their vocabularies, writers can create a mood. "Drink" means something different than "guzzle," and "walk" means something different from "saunter." Those distinctions are in the mind, and they can make or break a writer's prose when they try to paint a picture in the reader's mind.
  • Synonyms give writers rhythmic tool: They give writers more rhythmic tools. "Absquatulate" means the same thing as "abscond," but they are rhythmically very different. Every serious writer thinks about the rhythm of what he or she produces. Synonyms give writers more control over that rhythm.
  • Synonyms sound fancy: A little of this goes a long way, like using "utilize" for "use," but sometimes knowing a better-sounding word makes you sound intelligent. If you don't use fancy synonyms, you should at least be able to know when someone else is.  

What are Homonyms?

Homonyms are words that are pronounced the same as each other (e.g., "maid" and "made") or have the same spelling (e.g., "lead weight" and "to lead").

  • When homonyms have the same sound, they are called "homophones." 
  • When they have the same spelling, they are called "homographs." (Homographs with different sounds (e.g., "tear drop" and "to tear a hole") are called "heteronyms.")
  • Therefore, it is possible for a homonym to be a homophone (same sound) and a homograph (same spelling), e.g., "vampire bat" and "cricket bat".

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

Examples of Homonyms:

(i) pike (the fish) and pike (the weapon)
(These homonyms are homographs - they have the same spelling.)
(ii) bear (the animal) and bare (no clothes)
(These homonyms are homophones - they have different spellings but the same sound.)
(iii) site (a location), sight (vision), and cite (to quote)
(These homonyms are homophones.)

Careful: Knowing antonyms, synonyms and homonyms will certainly expand our vocabulary; but, they can also be very confusing if the wrong word is written or spoken.

Synonyms And Antonyms List

Now that you are familiar with the meanings of both synonyms and antonyms, go through the table below comprising 400 plus English Synonyms and Antonyms.

(a) Words that start with letters' A, B & C'Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

(b) Words that start with the letter 'C & D'

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

(c) Words that start with letters' E, F & G'

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

(d) Words that start with the letter 'G, H & I'

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

(e) Words that start with the letter 'I & J'

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

(f) Words that start with letter 'J,K,L & M'

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

(g) Words that start with letter 'M, N & O'

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

(h) Words that start with letter 'O & P'

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

(i) Words that start with letter 'P & Q '

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

(j) Words that start with letter 'R & S'

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

(k) Words that start with letter 'S & T'

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

(l) Words that start with letter 'T, U & V'

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

(m) Words that start with letter 'V, W, Y & Z'

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

Interrelationships of Words


  • English vocabulary is especially full of pitfalls since the language is so vast. In English, there are several words that share one meaning or nuances of one meaning. 
  • Then there are tiny words like "set" and "get" that have so many meanings that their definitions take up multiple dictionary pages. Then, just to make it more daunting, the English language has over a million words. As far as word banks, English is massive.
  • But don't let the enormousness of the language turn you off. Homonyms, antonyms, and synonyms can be used to learn new words and add a great deal to your diction and the way you talk about language in particular.
  • Knowing what words are similar or opposites help people to understand the same when it comes to ideas. 

Ideas are impossible without words, and words are impossible without ideas. 

  • The more you think about the interrelationships of one, the better you are able to think about the interrelationships of the other.

English Synonyms, Antonyms & Homonyms – Sample Questions

To understand the prominence of synonyms, antonyms & homonyms in the English language section of various competitive exams, it is important to know the type of questions asked in the examination, based on the same.

Hence, given below are sample questions on synonyms and antonyms asked in the English language section.

Directions – From the given options, choose the option that is nearest in meaning to the highlighted words in the paragraphs given below. 

Q.1. The the coming decades will likely see more intense clustering of jobs, innovation and productivity in a smaller number of bigger cities and city-regions.

  1. Concentrated
  2. Forceful
  3. Passionate 
  4. Energetic

Answer (1) Concentrated

Q.2. Most of human history has been  a part of the Paleolithic period or the old stone age. The exponential change in the development of human civilization came in the recent few centuries.

  1. Great
  2. Fast
  3. Tremendous
  4. Increasing

Answer (3) Tremendous

Q.3. “I can’t stand this any more,” said Lalit, noticing that Rustam did not relish Zuker’s conversation.

  1. Gaiety
  2. Savour
  3. Vindicate
  4. Desire

Answer (2) Savour

Directions – From the given options, choose the option that is the most opposite in the meaning to the highlighted words in the paragraphs given below. 

Q.4. Neither the Gods nor the Kings have anything to say in a politically enlightened community.

  1. Civilised
  2. Uneducated
  3. Stupid
  4. Uncivilised

Answer 2. (Uneducated)

Q.5. These bottles are harrowing. How could she spend so much money on something that is so drab?

  1. Distressing
  2. Attractive
  3. Gruesome
  4. Adorable

Answer (2) Attractive


English Synonyms, Antonyms & Homonyms –Practice Questions

Here are some more questions which you can practice yourself: 

Question for Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms
Try yourself:Find the Antonym of Relinquish.
View Solution

Question for Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms
Try yourself:Find the antonym for Evasive.
View Solution

Question for Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms
Try yourself:Find the synonym for Adversity.
View Solution

Question for Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms
Try yourself:Find the synonym for Indict.
View Solution

The document Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms | Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT is a part of the CAT Course Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC).
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FAQs on Synonyms, Antonyms and Homonyms - Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - CAT

1. What are antonyms?
Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. They are used to express contrast or to provide the opposite of a particular word. For example, "hot" and "cold" are antonyms.
2. What are synonyms?
Synonyms are words that have similar meanings. They are used to provide alternatives or to express the same idea in a different way. For example, "happy" and "joyful" are synonyms.
3. What are homonyms?
Homonyms are words that sound the same but have different meanings. They can also have different spellings. For example, "bat" (a flying mammal) and "bat" (a wooden stick used in sports) are homonyms.
4. What is the interrelationship between synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms?
Synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms are all related to the meanings of words. Synonyms have similar meanings, antonyms have opposite meanings, and homonyms have the same or similar sounds but different meanings.
5. Where can I find a list of synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms?
There are various resources available online and in books that provide comprehensive lists of synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms. Some popular websites include Thesaurus.com and Merriam-Webster.com. Additionally, many language learning textbooks and dictionaries also include lists of synonyms, antonyms, and homonyms.
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