FAQs on Financial Markets- 3 Video Lecture - Indian Economy for UPSC CSE
|1. What are financial markets?
Ans. Financial markets are platforms where individuals, companies, and governments buy and sell financial assets such as stocks, bonds, currencies, and derivatives. These markets facilitate the flow of funds between investors and borrowers, allowing the transfer of risk and the determination of asset prices.
|2. How do financial markets function?
Ans. Financial markets function through the interaction of buyers and sellers. Buyers, such as investors, seek to purchase financial assets at a certain price, while sellers, such as companies or governments, offer these assets for sale. The prices of these assets are determined by supply and demand dynamics, influenced by various factors such as economic conditions, investor sentiment, and market regulations.
|3. What is the role of financial markets in the economy?
Ans. Financial markets play a crucial role in the economy by facilitating the efficient allocation of capital. They provide individuals and institutions with the opportunity to invest and earn returns on their savings, while also enabling companies and governments to raise funds for their operations and projects. Additionally, financial markets help in price discovery, risk management, and the overall stability of the financial system.
|4. What are the main types of financial markets?
Ans. Financial markets can be broadly categorized into primary markets and secondary markets. Primary markets are where new securities are issued and sold for the first time, allowing companies to raise capital directly from investors. Secondary markets, on the other hand, are where existing securities are traded among investors, providing liquidity and allowing investors to buy or sell previously issued assets.
|5. How are financial markets regulated?
Ans. Financial markets are subject to various regulations and oversight to ensure their fair and orderly functioning. Regulatory bodies, such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) in the United States, enforce rules and regulations that aim to protect investors, maintain market integrity, and prevent fraudulent activities. These regulations include disclosure requirements, restrictions on insider trading, and measures to promote transparency and market efficiency.