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Indian Judiciary- 5 Video Lecture | Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

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FAQs on Indian Judiciary- 5 Video Lecture - Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

1. What is the structure of the Indian Judiciary?
Ans. The Indian Judiciary consists of three levels - the Supreme Court, the High Courts, and the subordinate courts. The Supreme Court is the highest judicial body in the country and has the power of judicial review. The High Courts are present in each state and union territory, and they are responsible for the administration of justice within their jurisdiction. The subordinate courts include district courts, sessions courts, and various other specialized courts.
2. How are judges appointed in the Indian Judiciary?
Ans. Judges in the Indian Judiciary are appointed by the President of India based on the recommendations of the collegium system. The collegium system consists of a group of senior judges who make recommendations for judicial appointments. The Chief Justice of India plays a crucial role in the collegium system, and the recommendations are subject to approval by the President.
3. What is the role of the Supreme Court in the Indian Judiciary?
Ans. The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial authority in the country. Its primary role is to interpret the Constitution and ensure the protection of fundamental rights. The Supreme Court has the power of judicial review, which allows it to strike down any law or government action that is found to be unconstitutional. It also acts as the final appellate court, hearing appeals from the High Courts and other lower courts.
4. How does the Indian Judiciary ensure the independence of the judiciary?
Ans. The Indian Judiciary ensures the independence of the judiciary through various measures. Firstly, judges are appointed based on the recommendations of the collegium system, which helps in maintaining their independence from the executive branch. Secondly, judges have security of tenure, meaning they cannot be easily removed from their positions. Thirdly, the judiciary is not subject to the control or influence of the legislature or the executive, allowing it to make impartial decisions.
5. What are some challenges faced by the Indian Judiciary?
Ans. The Indian Judiciary faces several challenges, including a large backlog of cases, delays in the disposal of cases, lack of adequate infrastructure, and shortage of judges. The backlog of cases often leads to long waiting periods for justice, impacting the faith of people in the judicial system. Additionally, the shortage of judges affects the efficiency of the judiciary in delivering timely justice. These challenges require reforms and investments to strengthen the Indian Judiciary.
118 videos|602 docs|204 tests

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