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Banking System: Economics Video Lecture | Indian Economy for UPSC CSE

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FAQs on Banking System: Economics Video Lecture - Indian Economy for UPSC CSE

1. What is the role of the banking system in the economy?
Ans. The banking system plays a crucial role in the economy by facilitating financial transactions, providing loans to individuals and businesses, and creating a stable environment for saving and investing money. It also acts as a conduit for monetary policy and helps in the smooth functioning of the payment system.
2. How does the banking system create money?
Ans. The banking system creates money through a process called fractional reserve banking. When a customer deposits money into a bank, the bank is required to keep only a fraction of that deposit as reserves and can lend out the rest. This process allows banks to effectively create new money by extending credit to borrowers, who then deposit the borrowed funds into other banks, further increasing the money supply.
3. What are the different types of banks in the banking system?
Ans. The banking system consists of various types of banks, including commercial banks, investment banks, central banks, and cooperative banks. Commercial banks provide a range of financial services to individuals and businesses, while investment banks focus on facilitating capital market activities. Central banks, such as the Federal Reserve in the United States, are responsible for implementing monetary policy and overseeing the stability of the financial system. Cooperative banks are member-owned and operate for the benefit of their members.
4. How does the banking system contribute to economic growth?
Ans. The banking system contributes to economic growth by providing the necessary financial resources for investment and entrepreneurship. Banks mobilize savings from individuals and channel them into productive activities, such as funding new businesses and infrastructure projects. They also play a crucial role in allocating capital efficiently by assessing creditworthiness and providing loans to borrowers. Additionally, banks facilitate international trade by offering trade finance services, which further stimulate economic growth.
5. What are some challenges faced by the banking system in the current economic landscape?
Ans. The banking system faces various challenges in the current economic landscape, including increased regulatory scrutiny, technological disruptions, cybersecurity threats, and changing customer expectations. Stricter regulations aim to enhance stability and prevent another financial crisis but can also increase compliance costs for banks. Technological advancements require banks to adapt and invest in digital transformation to meet the evolving needs of customers. Cybersecurity threats pose risks to sensitive customer data, and banks need to invest in robust security measures to protect against breaches. Furthermore, changing customer expectations, such as demand for personalized services and seamless digital experiences, require banks to innovate and remain competitive.
165 videos|297 docs|142 tests
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