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Introduction to Accounting Video Lecture | Accountancy Class 11 - Commerce

82 videos|105 docs|42 tests

Timeline

00:00 Introduction
00:15 Need for Accountancy
01:06 Profit & Loss in a business - How to find them?
01:23 Book Keeping & Accountancy
03:20 Financial Reporting
04:00 Accountancy - Definition
04:34 Objectives of Accountancy
05:30 Characteristics of good Accounting Information
05:42 Advantages & Limitations of Accounting
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FAQs on Introduction to Accounting Video Lecture - Accountancy Class 11 - Commerce

1. What is accounting?
Ans. Accounting is the process of recording, analyzing, and reporting financial transactions of a business or organization. It involves the systematic and comprehensive recording of financial transactions, tracking of financial resources, and reporting of financial information to aid decision-making.
2. What are the types of accounting?
Ans. There are several types of accounting, including financial accounting, management accounting, tax accounting, forensic accounting, and auditing. Financial accounting focuses on the preparation of financial statements for external stakeholders, while management accounting involves the use of financial information for internal decision-making. Tax accounting deals with tax-related matters, while forensic accounting involves investigating financial crimes. Auditing, on the other hand, involves verifying the accuracy and reliability of financial information.
3. What are the basic principles of accounting?
Ans. The basic principles of accounting include the principle of relevance, the principle of consistency, the principle of materiality, the principle of conservatism, and the principle of objectivity. The principle of relevance states that financial information should be relevant to the decision-making needs of the users. The principle of consistency states that financial information should be presented in a consistent manner over time. The principle of materiality states that financial information should be reported only if it is material to the decision-making needs of the users. The principle of conservatism states that financial information should be reported in a conservative manner to avoid overstating assets and income. The principle of objectivity states that financial information should be based on facts and evidence, rather than personal opinions or biases.
4. What is the accounting equation?
Ans. The accounting equation is a fundamental principle of accounting that states that assets must equal liabilities plus equity. This means that the resources owned by a business or organization (assets) must be equal to the sum of its obligations (liabilities) and the owners' investment (equity). The equation is expressed as: Assets = Liabilities + Equity.
5. What is the role of an accountant?
Ans. The role of an accountant is to provide financial information that helps businesses and organizations make informed decisions. Accountants are responsible for recording financial transactions, analyzing financial data, preparing financial statements, and providing financial advice to clients. They also ensure that financial records comply with accounting standards and regulations, and help businesses and organizations manage their finances effectively. Accountants may work in public accounting firms, government agencies, or private companies, and may specialize in areas such as auditing, taxation, or financial analysis.
82 videos|105 docs|42 tests

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