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Formation of Himalayas Video Lecture | Geography for UPSC CSE

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FAQs on Formation of Himalayas Video Lecture - Geography for UPSC CSE

1. How were the Himalayas formed?
Ans. The Himalayas were formed through the collision of the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates. Around 50 million years ago, the Indian plate began to move northward and eventually collided with the Eurasian plate, resulting in the uplift of the Himalayan mountain range.
2. What is the height of the Himalayas?
Ans. The Himalayas are home to several of the world's highest peaks. Mount Everest, the tallest peak in the world, stands at a height of 8,848 meters (29,029 feet) above sea level. Other notable peaks in the Himalayas include Kanchenjunga, Lhotse, and Makalu.
3. How old are the Himalayas?
Ans. The formation of the Himalayas began around 50 million years ago and is still ongoing. However, the major uplift and formation of the range occurred between 25 and 10 million years ago. So, the Himalayas can be considered to be around 25 to 50 million years old.
4. What are the major rivers that originate from the Himalayas?
Ans. The Himalayas are the source of several important rivers in Asia. Some of the major rivers that originate from the Himalayas include the Ganges, Brahmaputra, Indus, Yangtze, Mekong, and Yellow rivers. These rivers play a crucial role in providing water, irrigation, and supporting various ecosystems.
5. How do the Himalayas affect the climate?
Ans. The Himalayas significantly influence the climate of the regions surrounding them. They act as a barrier to the cold winds from the north, preventing their entry into the Indian subcontinent and creating a distinct climatic divide. The mountains also play a role in the monsoon system, as they force the moisture-laden winds from the Indian Ocean to rise and condense, resulting in heavy rainfall in the foothills and plains.
180 videos|471 docs|221 tests

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