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Buddhism and Jainism Video Lecture | History for UPSC CSE

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FAQs on Buddhism and Jainism Video Lecture - History for UPSC CSE

1. What are the key differences between Buddhism and Jainism?
Ans. Buddhism and Jainism are both ancient religions that originated in India and share some similarities, but they also have distinct differences. While both religions emphasize non-violence and the pursuit of spiritual liberation, Buddhism focuses on the teachings of Gautama Buddha and the Four Noble Truths, while Jainism follows the teachings of Mahavira and emphasizes non-attachment and the doctrine of Ahimsa (non-violence) to a greater extent.
2. How do Buddhism and Jainism view the concept of karma?
Ans. Both Buddhism and Jainism believe in the concept of karma, which states that one's actions in the present life will have consequences in the future. However, there are some differences in their interpretations of karma. In Buddhism, karma is seen as a natural law of cause and effect, and the goal is to break the cycle of rebirth and attain enlightenment. In Jainism, karma is believed to be a physical substance that infiltrates the soul and must be eliminated through ascetic practices to achieve liberation.
3. What are the main practices and rituals in Buddhism and Jainism?
Ans. Buddhism and Jainism have different practices and rituals. In Buddhism, meditation is a key practice, with an emphasis on mindfulness and insight meditation. Buddhists also engage in chanting, prostrations, and offerings to Buddha and other enlightened beings. Jainism, on the other hand, places a strong emphasis on asceticism and self-discipline. Jains follow the Five Vows which include non-violence, truthfulness, non-stealing, celibacy, and non-attachment. They also practice fasting, meditation, and rituals at temples and pilgrimage sites.
4. How do Buddhism and Jainism view the concept of the self?
Ans. Buddhism and Jainism have different perspectives on the concept of self. In Buddhism, the concept of self is considered an illusion or a false perception. Buddhists believe in anatman, which means there is no permanent, unchanging self or soul. Instead, they believe in the interconnectedness of all things. In Jainism, the concept of self is seen as a combination of the body and the soul. Jains believe in the existence of the soul (jiva) which is eternal and separate from the physical body.
5. What is the significance of non-violence in Buddhism and Jainism?
Ans. Non-violence, or Ahimsa, is a fundamental principle in both Buddhism and Jainism. In Buddhism, non-violence is seen as a way to avoid causing harm to oneself and others. It is a key component of the Noble Eightfold Path and is essential for achieving enlightenment. In Jainism, non-violence is the most important principle and is practiced in thought, speech, and action. Jains believe in respecting and protecting all forms of life and follow a strict vegetarian diet to avoid causing harm to living beings.
127 videos|503 docs|181 tests

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