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Design of Flexible Pavement Video Lecture | Transportation Engineering - Civil Engineering (CE)

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FAQs on Design of Flexible Pavement Video Lecture - Transportation Engineering - Civil Engineering (CE)

1. What is a flexible pavement in civil engineering?
Ans. A flexible pavement is a type of road pavement that is constructed using materials such as bitumen, asphalt, and aggregates. It is designed to have flexibility and can withstand deformation caused by traffic loads and environmental factors.
2. What are the advantages of flexible pavement over rigid pavement?
Ans. Flexible pavements have several advantages over rigid pavements, including: - Flexibility: Flexible pavements can distribute loads more effectively, reducing the stress on the underlying layers and minimizing cracking. - Cost-effective: Flexible pavements are generally less expensive to construct and maintain compared to rigid pavements. - Easy repairs: Flexible pavements are easier to repair as damaged sections can be easily replaced or patched. - Better performance in changing conditions: Flexible pavements can accommodate variations in temperature and moisture, making them suitable for regions with significant weather fluctuations. - Smoother ride quality: Flexible pavements offer a smoother and more comfortable ride due to their ability to flex and absorb shocks.
3. What are the different layers in a flexible pavement?
Ans. A flexible pavement typically consists of several layers, including: - Surface course: This is the topmost layer of the pavement and is made up of bituminous materials, providing a smooth and durable riding surface. - Binder course: Located beneath the surface course, the binder course consists of a bituminous mixture that provides additional strength and flexibility to the pavement. - Base course: The base course is placed below the binder course and is composed of crushed stone or gravel. It provides support and distributes the load from the surface layers to the subgrade. - Subbase course: The subbase course is an optional layer that is sometimes included in the pavement structure. It provides additional support and helps in draining water away from the pavement layers. - Subgrade: The subgrade is the natural soil or compacted soil layer on which the pavement is built. It should have sufficient strength and stability to support the layers above it.
4. How is the thickness of a flexible pavement determined?
Ans. The thickness of a flexible pavement is determined based on several factors, including the anticipated traffic loads, subgrade strength, and the properties of the materials used. The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) provides guidelines for pavement design, which consider these factors and provide thickness design charts based on the expected number of equivalent single axle loads (ESALs). The design process involves calculating the required thickness for each layer, taking into account factors such as the resilient modulus of the materials, the anticipated traffic volume, and the subgrade strength. The thickness is typically designed to ensure that the pavement can withstand the expected loads without excessive deformation or cracking.
5. How is maintenance carried out for flexible pavements?
Ans. Maintenance of flexible pavements involves various activities to ensure the longevity and performance of the pavement. Some common maintenance practices include: - Regular inspections: Visual inspections are conducted to identify any signs of distress or damage, such as cracks, potholes, or rutting. - Crack sealing: Cracks in the pavement surface are filled with a suitable sealant to prevent water infiltration and further deterioration. - Patching: Damaged areas or potholes are repaired by removing the deteriorated pavement and replacing it with new materials. - Resurfacing: As the pavement ages and shows signs of wear, a new layer of bituminous material may be applied to restore the riding surface and improve ride quality. - Rehabilitation: In cases where the pavement has significant distress or structural issues, rehabilitation techniques such as overlaying or reconstruction may be required to restore its functionality. Regular maintenance practices help extend the life of flexible pavements and ensure safer and smoother roads for users.
26 videos|91 docs|58 tests

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