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Geography - Environment Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Geography - Environment Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What are the major environmental issues in India?
Ans. India faces several environmental issues, including air pollution, water pollution, deforestation, soil erosion, and biodiversity loss. These issues have significant impacts on human health, wildlife, and the overall ecosystem.
2. How does air pollution affect human health in India?
Ans. Air pollution in India has severe health effects, with high levels of pollutants such as particulate matter and toxic gases. It can lead to respiratory problems, cardiovascular diseases, lung cancer, and even premature deaths. Vulnerable populations such as children, elderly, and people with pre-existing health conditions are particularly at risk.
3. What are the causes of deforestation in India?
Ans. Deforestation in India is primarily caused by agricultural expansion, logging, infrastructure development, mining, and urbanization. These activities result in the loss of forest cover, leading to habitat destruction, soil degradation, and a decline in biodiversity.
4. How does water pollution affect aquatic ecosystems in India?
Ans. Water pollution in India, mainly caused by industrial waste, agricultural runoff, and inadequate sewage treatment, has detrimental effects on aquatic ecosystems. It leads to the contamination of water bodies, reducing oxygen levels and harming aquatic plants and animals. It disrupts the balance of the ecosystem and threatens the survival of various species.
5. What measures are being taken to address environmental issues in India?
Ans. The Indian government has implemented various measures to tackle environmental issues. These include the promotion of renewable energy, stricter regulations on industrial emissions, afforestation programs, waste management initiatives, and the conservation of endangered species through protected areas. Additionally, awareness campaigns and public participation are encouraged to foster sustainable practices and reduce environmental degradation.
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