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Geography - Population Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Geography - Population Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What is the current global population and what factors contribute to its growth?
Ans. As of 2021, the global population is approximately 7.9 billion people. The factors contributing to population growth include high birth rates, declining death rates, improved healthcare and sanitation, increased life expectancy, and migration.
2. Which countries have the highest and lowest population densities?
Ans. The country with the highest population density is Bangladesh, with approximately 1,265 people per square kilometer. On the other hand, Mongolia has one of the lowest population densities, with only around 2 people per square kilometer.
3. How does population growth impact urbanization?
Ans. Population growth often leads to urbanization, as more people move from rural areas to cities in search of better opportunities. This can result in overcrowding, strain on infrastructure, increased demand for housing, and challenges in providing basic services such as water, sanitation, and transportation.
4. What are the consequences of an aging population?
Ans. An aging population refers to a higher proportion of elderly individuals within a population. This can lead to several consequences, including increased healthcare needs, a shrinking workforce, strain on pension systems, and potential challenges in providing adequate care and support for the elderly.
5. How does population growth impact the environment?
Ans. Population growth can have significant environmental impacts, including increased resource consumption, deforestation, habitat destruction, pollution, and climate change. The growing population puts pressure on natural resources, leading to unsustainable practices and degradation of ecosystems.
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