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18th Century Political Formations Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on 18th Century Political Formations Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What were the major political formations in the 18th century?
Ans. The major political formations in the 18th century included absolute monarchies, constitutional monarchies, republics, and colonial empires. Each of these formations had their own unique characteristics and governance systems.
2. How did absolute monarchies function in the 18th century?
Ans. Absolute monarchies were a prevalent political formation in the 18th century. In this system, the monarch held complete and unrestricted power over the state and its people. They were not bound by any constitution or parliamentary system, and their authority was often justified by the concept of divine right.
3. What were the key features of constitutional monarchies in the 18th century?
Ans. Constitutional monarchies emerged as an alternative to absolute monarchies in the 18th century. In this system, the monarch's powers were limited by a constitution or a set of laws. The monarch shared power with a parliament or legislative body, and the government operated within a framework of checks and balances.
4. How did republics function in the 18th century?
Ans. Republics were another significant political formation in the 18th century. In a republic, the supreme power resided in the hands of the citizens or their elected representatives. The head of state was usually a president or a similar position, and the government was based on democratic principles and popular sovereignty.
5. What characterized the colonial empires in the 18th century?
Ans. The 18th century witnessed the expansion and consolidation of colonial empires. These empires were established by European powers and involved the colonization and control of territories in other parts of the world. The colonial powers exercised political, economic, and military dominance over these territories, often exploiting their resources for their own benefit.
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