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India after Independence Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on India after Independence Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What were the major challenges faced by India after independence?
Ans. After independence, India faced several challenges such as poverty, illiteracy, communal tensions, and the task of unifying a diverse nation. The country also had to deal with the partition of British India into India and Pakistan, which led to massive migration and communal violence.
2. How did India tackle the issue of poverty after independence?
Ans. India implemented various poverty alleviation programs and policies to tackle the issue of poverty after independence. These included initiatives like land reforms, rural development programs, and social welfare schemes like the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) that provided employment opportunities to rural households.
3. What steps were taken to promote education in India after independence?
Ans. In order to promote education in India after independence, the government took several steps. These included the establishment of educational institutions at all levels, introduction of free and compulsory education, reservation policies to ensure representation of marginalized communities, and the implementation of schemes to provide scholarships and financial assistance to students from economically weaker sections of society.
4. How did India strive for national integration after independence?
Ans. India strived for national integration after independence by adopting various measures. The government promoted a sense of unity and national identity through the adoption of a secular constitution, the celebration of national festivals, and the promotion of cultural diversity. Efforts were also made to bridge regional and linguistic divides through the formation of states based on linguistic considerations.
5. What were the major achievements of India after independence?
Ans. India achieved significant milestones after independence, including the establishment of a democratic system of governance, the adoption of a secular constitution, and the successful organization of regular elections. The country also achieved self-sufficiency in food production through the Green Revolution, made progress in the fields of science and technology, and became a nuclear power. Additionally, India has made strides in space exploration with its successful Mars Orbiter Mission in 2014.
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