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Role of Metal Ions in Body: The Sodium-Potassium Pump Video Lecture | Inorganic Chemistry

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FAQs on Role of Metal Ions in Body: The Sodium-Potassium Pump Video Lecture - Inorganic Chemistry

1. What is the role of metal ions in the body?
Ans. Metal ions play crucial roles in various biological processes in the body. They are involved in enzymatic activities, signal transduction, and cellular processes such as the transportation of ions across cell membranes.
2. How does the sodium-potassium pump work?
Ans. The sodium-potassium pump is a membrane protein that actively transports sodium ions out of the cell and potassium ions into the cell. This process requires the hydrolysis of ATP to provide the necessary energy for the pump to function.
3. What are the functions of the sodium-potassium pump?
Ans. The sodium-potassium pump is essential for maintaining the resting membrane potential of cells, which is necessary for nerve conduction and muscle contraction. It also helps regulate the volume of cells and is involved in the uptake of nutrients and elimination of waste products.
4. How do metal ions, specifically sodium and potassium, contribute to the function of the pump?
Ans. Sodium and potassium ions are the primary ions involved in the function of the sodium-potassium pump. The pump actively transports three sodium ions out of the cell in exchange for two potassium ions into the cell. This creates an electrochemical gradient across the cell membrane, which is necessary for various cellular processes.
5. What happens if the sodium-potassium pump is not functioning properly?
Ans. Dysfunction of the sodium-potassium pump can lead to various health issues. It can disrupt the proper functioning of nerve cells and muscles, leading to muscle weakness, paralysis, and even cardiac arrhythmias. Additionally, impaired sodium-potassium pump activity can affect the balance of ions within cells, impacting cellular processes and overall cell function.
48 videos|92 docs|41 tests

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