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How the State Government Works Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on How the State Government Works Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. How does the state government work in India?
Ans. The state government in India operates under a federal system where power is divided between the central government and the state governments. Each state has its own legislative assembly, chief minister, and council of ministers responsible for governing the state. The state government is responsible for implementing policies and laws within its jurisdiction, such as education, healthcare, infrastructure development, and law enforcement.
2. What is the role of the chief minister in a state government?
Ans. The chief minister is the head of the state government and plays a crucial role in governing the state. They are responsible for forming the government, appointing ministers, and leading the legislative assembly. The chief minister represents the state at various forums and acts as a liaison between the state government and the central government. They also play a vital role in policy-making, administration, and decision-making within the state.
3. How are state legislative assemblies formed?
Ans. State legislative assemblies are formed through elections held in each state. The eligible citizens vote to elect their representatives, known as Members of Legislative Assembly (MLAs). The political party or coalition that secures a majority of seats forms the government, and their leader becomes the chief minister. The MLAs represent different constituencies within the state and are responsible for discussing and passing laws, approving the state budget, and holding the government accountable.
4. What are the powers and functions of the state government?
Ans. The state government in India has several powers and functions. It is responsible for formulating and implementing state-specific policies and programs related to education, healthcare, agriculture, infrastructure, and social welfare. The state government also has the authority to collect taxes, maintain law and order, and administer justice through state police forces and judicial systems. Additionally, the state government plays a role in planning and implementing economic development schemes and attracting investments to the state.
5. How does the state government interact with the central government?
Ans. The state government and the central government in India have a complex relationship. While the central government has the authority to make decisions on matters of national importance, the state government has jurisdiction over subjects listed in the State List of the Constitution. The state government interacts with the central government through various mechanisms such as inter-state councils, conferences, and meetings between the chief minister and the prime minister. Additionally, the central government provides financial assistance and grants to the state government for implementing various programs and projects.
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