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Understanding our Criminal Justice System Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Understanding our Criminal Justice System Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What is the purpose of our criminal justice system?
Ans. The purpose of our criminal justice system is to maintain social order, protect individual rights, and ensure public safety. It involves the detection, apprehension, prosecution, and punishment of individuals who have violated the law.
2. How does the criminal justice system work in India?
Ans. In India, the criminal justice system operates in a hierarchical manner. The first step is the investigation conducted by the police, followed by the filing of a charge sheet. The accused is then produced before the court, and the trial proceeds with the examination of witnesses and evidence. The court then delivers a judgment, and if the accused is found guilty, the sentencing phase begins.
3. What are the different components of the criminal justice system?
Ans. The criminal justice system is comprised of various components, including law enforcement agencies (police), the judiciary (courts), and correctional institutions (prisons). These components work together to ensure the proper functioning of the system and the delivery of justice.
4. What are the challenges faced by the criminal justice system in India?
Ans. The criminal justice system in India faces several challenges, such as a high number of pending cases, delays in the disposal of cases, inadequate infrastructure and resources, corruption, and a lack of awareness among the general public about their rights and the functioning of the system.
5. What reforms are needed in the criminal justice system to improve its efficiency?
Ans. To improve the efficiency of the criminal justice system, various reforms are required, such as the implementation of technology to expedite the investigation and trial processes, increasing the number of courts and judges, improving the infrastructure of prisons, promoting alternative dispute resolution mechanisms, and creating awareness programs to educate the public about their rights and the functioning of the system.
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