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What is Democracy? Why Democracy? Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on What is Democracy? Why Democracy? Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What is democracy?
Ans. Democracy is a form of government where the power to govern is vested in the hands of the people. It allows citizens to participate in the decision-making process, either directly or through elected representatives. In a democratic system, the majority rules, but the rights and interests of minority groups are protected.
2. Why is democracy important?
Ans. Democracy is important for several reasons. Firstly, it ensures that power is not concentrated in the hands of a few individuals or groups, preventing authoritarianism and tyranny. Secondly, it promotes the protection of individual rights and freedoms, such as freedom of speech, expression, and assembly. Thirdly, democracy allows for peaceful and orderly transitions of power, avoiding political instability and conflict. Lastly, it provides a platform for citizens to voice their concerns, participate in decision-making, and hold their leaders accountable.
3. How does democracy promote equality?
Ans. Democracy promotes equality by giving all citizens an equal opportunity to participate in the political process. In a democratic system, each citizen's vote carries the same weight, regardless of their social status, wealth, or background. It ensures that all individuals have equal rights and protections under the law. Democracy also encourages the development of inclusive policies and institutions that aim to reduce social and economic inequalities.
4. What are the key principles of democracy?
Ans. The key principles of democracy include: 1. Rule of law: All individuals, including the government, are subject to and must abide by the law. 2. Popular sovereignty: The ultimate source of political power rests with the people. 3. Political participation: Citizens have the right to participate in the decision-making process through voting, standing for office, and engaging in political activities. 4. Protection of human rights: Democracy ensures the protection of individual rights and freedoms, such as freedom of speech, assembly, and religion. 5. Accountability and transparency: Government institutions and officials are accountable to the people, and decisions and actions are transparent and open to scrutiny.
5. How does democracy contribute to societal development?
Ans. Democracy contributes to societal development in several ways. Firstly, it encourages economic growth by promoting entrepreneurship, innovation, and investment. Secondly, democracy fosters social progress by allowing for the inclusion and representation of diverse voices and interests within society. It facilitates the development of inclusive policies, social welfare programs, and initiatives to address inequalities and improve the quality of life for all citizens. Additionally, democracy provides a platform for peaceful resolution of conflicts and promotes stability, which is crucial for long-term development.
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