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Indian Constitution at Work: Indian Constitution: Why & How? Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Indian Constitution at Work: Indian Constitution: Why & How? Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. Why is the Indian Constitution important?
Ans. The Indian Constitution is important because it serves as the supreme law of the country. It provides the framework for the functioning of the government, establishes the rights and duties of citizens, and ensures the separation of powers among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. It also guarantees fundamental rights and promotes social justice, equality, and fraternity among the people.
2. How was the Indian Constitution formed?
Ans. The Indian Constitution was formed by a Constituent Assembly, which was elected by the provincial legislatures. The Assembly had members from various backgrounds and ideologies. It held debates and discussions over a period of nearly three years to draft and finalize the Constitution. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the Chairman of the Drafting Committee, played a crucial role in shaping the Constitution.
3. What are the salient features of the Indian Constitution?
Ans. The salient features of the Indian Constitution include a federal system with a strong center, fundamental rights and duties of citizens, parliamentary form of government, independent judiciary, secularism, and the principle of separation of powers. It also provides for the reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes to promote social equality.
4. How is the Indian Constitution amended?
Ans. The Indian Constitution can be amended through a formal process. Any amendment needs to be passed by a special majority in both houses of Parliament, i.e., a majority of the total membership of each house and a two-thirds majority of the members present and voting. Some amendments also require ratification by at least half of the state legislatures. The amendment process ensures that the Constitution remains relevant and adaptable to changing times.
5. What is the significance of the preamble to the Indian Constitution?
Ans. The preamble to the Indian Constitution is of great significance as it reflects the ideals and aspirations of the people of India. It declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic and highlights the objectives of justice, liberty, equality, and fraternity. The preamble acts as an introductory statement and provides the key principles and values on which the Constitution is based. It is often referred to by the judiciary while interpreting the Constitution.
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Indian Constitution at Work: Indian Constitution: Why & How? Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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