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Contemporary World Politics: The End of Bipolarity- 1 Video Lecture | NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

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FAQs on Contemporary World Politics: The End of Bipolarity- 1 Video Lecture - NCERT Video Summary: Class 6 to Class 12 (English) - UPSC

1. What is meant by the end of bipolarity in contemporary world politics?
Ans. The end of bipolarity in contemporary world politics refers to the shift from a global power structure dominated by two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, to a more multipolar world order. This transition occurred with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, leading to the emergence of new centers of power and a more complex international system.
2. How did the end of bipolarity impact global politics?
Ans. The end of bipolarity had significant implications for global politics. It led to a decrease in ideological competition between the United States and the Soviet Union and created opportunities for the expansion of democracy and free-market capitalism. However, it also resulted in increased regional conflicts, power struggles, and the emergence of new challenges such as terrorism and non-state actors.
3. What are some examples of new centers of power in the post-bipolarity era?
Ans. In the post-bipolarity era, several countries have emerged as new centers of power. These include China, with its rapid economic growth and assertive foreign policy; Russia, which has sought to reclaim its influence in the international arena; and regional powers like India, Brazil, and South Africa, which have gained prominence in their respective regions.
4. How has the end of bipolarity affected the balance of power?
Ans. The end of bipolarity has resulted in a more fluid and complex balance of power. With multiple actors vying for influence, there is no longer a clear division between two dominant powers. Instead, power is distributed among various actors, leading to a more multipolar world. This has both advantages and disadvantages, as it allows for greater diversity and potential for cooperation, but also increases the potential for conflicts and competition.
5. What are some of the key challenges faced in the post-bipolarity era?
Ans. The post-bipolarity era has presented several challenges. One of the main challenges is the rise of non-state actors, such as terrorist groups, which can operate across borders and pose significant security threats. Additionally, the increased competition and power struggles among emerging powers have the potential to destabilize regions and escalate conflicts. The need for effective global governance and cooperation to address issues like climate change and economic inequality is also a major challenge in the post-bipolarity era.
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