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Pharmacogenomics: Genes and Medicine Video Lecture | Science & Technology for UPSC CSE

146 videos|356 docs|249 tests

FAQs on Pharmacogenomics: Genes and Medicine Video Lecture - Science & Technology for UPSC CSE

1. What is pharmacogenomics?
Ans. Pharmacogenomics is the study of how a person's genetic makeup influences their response to medications. It involves analyzing variations in genes that can affect an individual's response to certain drugs, including how they metabolize and respond to the medication.
2. How does pharmacogenomics benefit patients?
Ans. Pharmacogenomics can help personalize medicine and improve patient outcomes by allowing healthcare providers to determine the most effective medication and dosage for an individual based on their genetic profile. This can reduce the risk of adverse drug reactions, optimize treatment efficacy, and minimize trial and error in finding the right medication.
3. Which genes are commonly studied in pharmacogenomics?
Ans. Several genes are commonly studied in pharmacogenomics, including those involved in drug metabolism (such as CYP2D6 and CYP2C19) and drug transport (such as ABCB1). These genes can provide important information about how an individual's body processes medications, allowing healthcare providers to make more informed treatment decisions.
4. Can pharmacogenomics predict the likelihood of adverse drug reactions?
Ans. Yes, pharmacogenomics can help predict the likelihood of adverse drug reactions. By analyzing a person's genetic makeup, healthcare providers can identify genetic variations that may increase the risk of experiencing harmful side effects from certain medications. This information can then be used to guide treatment decisions and avoid potential adverse reactions.
5. How is pharmacogenomics integrated into clinical practice?
Ans. Pharmacogenomics is increasingly being integrated into clinical practice through the use of genetic testing. Healthcare providers can order genetic tests to analyze a patient's genetic profile and identify specific gene variations that may impact their response to medications. This information is then used to guide treatment decisions, selecting the most appropriate medication and dosage for each individual. However, it is important to note that the widespread implementation of pharmacogenomics in clinical practice is still ongoing, and further research and evidence are needed to fully optimize its benefits.
146 videos|356 docs|249 tests

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