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Structure & Hierarchy of Courts in India: Judiciary Video Lecture | Legal Studies CUET Preparation - Humanities/Arts

96 videos|3 docs|40 tests

FAQs on Structure & Hierarchy of Courts in India: Judiciary Video Lecture - Legal Studies CUET Preparation - Humanities/Arts

1. What is the structure of the court system in India?
Ans. The court system in India consists of two main categories: the Supreme Court of India, which is the highest judicial authority in the country, and the subordinate courts, which include High Courts and District Courts. The High Courts are present in each state and union territory, while the District Courts are located at the district level.
2. How is the hierarchy of the courts in India maintained?
Ans. The hierarchy of the courts in India is maintained through the system of appeals. If a party is not satisfied with the decision of a lower court, they can appeal to the next higher court in the hierarchy. For example, if a party is dissatisfied with a decision made by a District Court, they can appeal to the respective High Court. Similarly, appeals can be made from the High Courts to the Supreme Court.
3. What is the role of the Supreme Court in the court structure of India?
Ans. The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial authority in the country. It has the power of judicial review, which means it can review the constitutional validity of laws and government actions. The Supreme Court also acts as the final appellate court and hears appeals from the High Courts and other tribunals. It plays a crucial role in interpreting the Constitution and ensuring its implementation.
4. How do the High Courts function within the court structure of India?
Ans. Each state and union territory in India has a High Court. The High Courts have the power of superintendence and control over the subordinate courts within their respective jurisdictions. They hear appeals from the District Courts and have original jurisdiction in certain cases. The High Courts also play a significant role in interpreting and applying laws within their jurisdictions.
5. What is the role of District Courts in the court system of India?
Ans. The District Courts are the trial courts at the district level in India. They are responsible for hearing and deciding civil and criminal cases within their jurisdiction. District Courts have original jurisdiction in most cases and are the first level of judicial authority. They play a vital role in the administration of justice at the grassroots level and are the primary interface between the judiciary and the common people.
96 videos|3 docs|40 tests

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