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India And Climate Change Video Lecture | Environment for UPSC CSE

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FAQs on India And Climate Change Video Lecture - Environment for UPSC CSE

1. How is India affected by climate change?
Ans. India is highly vulnerable to climate change impacts due to its geographical location, large population, and dependence on agriculture. The country experiences extreme weather events such as heatwaves, floods, and droughts, which are becoming more frequent and intense. Rising sea levels also pose a threat to coastal areas, impacting millions of people living in low-lying regions. Climate change also affects agriculture, water resources, and biodiversity, further exacerbating the challenges faced by India.
2. What steps is India taking to address climate change?
Ans. India has taken several measures to combat climate change. The country has set ambitious targets to increase the share of renewable energy in its energy mix, aiming to achieve 450 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2030. India is also focusing on energy efficiency, sustainable transportation, and waste management to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The government has implemented policies and initiatives to promote afforestation, sustainable agriculture practices, and climate-resilient infrastructure. Additionally, India actively participates in international climate negotiations and collaborations to address the global challenge of climate change.
3. How does climate change impact India's agriculture sector?
Ans. Climate change poses significant threats to India's agriculture sector. Rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns can negatively affect crop yields and productivity. Extreme weather events such as droughts and floods can lead to crop failures, loss of livestock, and damage to agricultural infrastructure. Changes in temperature and precipitation patterns also affect pest and disease dynamics, further impacting agricultural output. Climate change adaptation measures such as improved irrigation techniques, crop diversification, and resilient farming practices are crucial to mitigate these impacts and ensure food security in India.
4. What are the economic implications of climate change for India?
Ans. Climate change has significant economic implications for India. The country's economy heavily relies on sectors that are highly vulnerable to climate change, such as agriculture, forestry, water resources, and coastal tourism. The increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events not only cause immediate damage but also disrupt economic activities and livelihoods. The costs associated with climate change impacts, including infrastructure damage, health expenses, and loss of productivity, pose a significant burden on the economy. Addressing climate change through mitigation and adaptation measures is crucial for sustainable economic development in India.
5. How does India contribute to global climate change?
Ans. India is one of the largest contributors to global greenhouse gas emissions. The country's reliance on coal for electricity generation and rapid industrialization has resulted in significant carbon dioxide emissions. However, it is important to note that India's per capita emissions are still relatively low compared to developed countries. India is actively working towards reducing its emissions by increasing the share of renewable energy, implementing energy efficiency measures, and promoting sustainable development practices. The country has committed to reducing its emissions intensity and has played an active role in international climate negotiations to address global climate change collectively.
98 videos|193 docs|52 tests

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