Mechanical Properties of Solids in One Shot (NCERT)

# Mechanical Properties of Solids in One Shot (NCERT) Video Lecture | Physics Class 11 - NEET

## Physics Class 11

118 videos|470 docs|189 tests

## FAQs on Mechanical Properties of Solids in One Shot (NCERT) Video Lecture - Physics Class 11 - NEET

 1. What are the mechanical properties of solids?
Ans. Mechanical properties of solids refer to the characteristics or behaviors of solids under the influence of external forces. These properties include elasticity, plasticity, strength, hardness, and toughness. Elasticity is the ability of a solid to return to its original shape after deformation. Plasticity is the ability to undergo permanent deformation without breaking. Strength refers to the ability to withstand applied stress without failure. Hardness is the resistance of a solid to indentation or scratching. Toughness is the ability to absorb energy without fracturing.
 2. How are mechanical properties of solids determined?
Ans. The mechanical properties of solids are determined through various experimental techniques. For example, elasticity can be measured by subjecting a solid to stress and measuring the resulting strain. Strength can be determined by conducting a tensile test, where a sample is pulled until it breaks, and the maximum force applied is recorded. Hardness can be measured using techniques like the Brinell or Rockwell hardness tests. Toughness can be evaluated through impact tests, where a sample is struck with a pendulum and the energy absorbed is measured.
 3. What is the significance of understanding the mechanical properties of solids?
Ans. Understanding the mechanical properties of solids is crucial in various fields of engineering and materials science. It helps in designing structures and materials that can withstand specific loads and forces. For example, knowledge of strength and elasticity is essential in designing bridges, buildings, and other load-bearing structures. Understanding hardness is important in selecting materials for cutting tools and wear-resistant applications. Knowledge of toughness is vital in designing materials for impact or shock-resistant applications.
 4. How do mechanical properties vary with temperature?
Ans. Mechanical properties of solids can vary significantly with temperature. Generally, as the temperature increases, the strength and hardness of most materials decrease, while their ductility and toughness increase. This is due to the increased thermal energy, which facilitates the movement of atoms and dislocations. However, some materials exhibit an opposite behavior, such as certain alloys that become stronger at elevated temperatures due to precipitation hardening. It is crucial to consider the temperature dependence of mechanical properties when designing materials and structures for different temperature conditions.
 5. Can mechanical properties of solids be changed or improved?
Ans. Yes, the mechanical properties of solids can be changed or improved through various techniques. For example, heat treatment processes like annealing, quenching, and tempering can alter the mechanical properties of metals by changing their microstructure. Alloying different elements can also improve the strength, hardness, or other desired properties of solids. Additionally, mechanical deformation processes like rolling, forging, and extrusion can enhance the strength and toughness of materials by aligning their crystal structure and reducing defects. Surface treatments like carburizing or nitriding can improve the hardness and wear resistance of materials.

## Physics Class 11

118 videos|470 docs|189 tests

### Up next

 Explore Courses for NEET exam

### How to Prepare for NEET

Read our guide to prepare for NEET which is created by Toppers & the best Teachers
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!
Related Searches

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

,

;