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Satellite Video Lecture | Science & Technology for UPSC CSE

146 videos|356 docs|249 tests

FAQs on Satellite Video Lecture - Science & Technology for UPSC CSE

1. What is a satellite and how does it work?
Ans. A satellite is an object that is placed into orbit around a celestial body, such as the Earth. It is used for various purposes, including communication, weather forecasting, navigation, and scientific research. Satellites work by constantly orbiting the Earth while transmitting and receiving signals or data to and from ground stations. They use antennas and transponders to communicate with these ground stations and relay information across long distances.
2. How are satellites launched into space?
Ans. Satellites are launched into space using rockets. These rockets are specially designed to carry and deliver the satellites into orbit. The most common method of launching satellites is through the use of multi-stage rockets. The first stage of the rocket provides the initial thrust to overcome Earth's gravity, while the subsequent stages continue to propel the satellite into its desired orbit. Once the desired orbit is reached, the rocket separates from the satellite, which then begins its mission.
3. What are the different types of satellites?
Ans. There are several different types of satellites, each serving a specific purpose. Some common types include communication satellites, which are used for transmitting and receiving signals for television, telephone, and internet communication. Weather satellites provide valuable data for weather forecasting and monitoring. Navigation satellites, such as the Global Positioning System (GPS), help determine precise locations on Earth. Additionally, there are scientific satellites that are used for research and exploration, as well as military satellites for defense purposes.
4. How do satellites play a role in weather forecasting?
Ans. Satellites play a crucial role in weather forecasting by providing valuable data and imagery of Earth's atmosphere. Weather satellites are equipped with various sensors and instruments that can measure important weather parameters like temperature, humidity, cloud cover, and atmospheric pressure. These satellites continuously collect data and transmit it back to Earth, where meteorologists analyze and interpret the information to generate accurate weather forecasts. Satellites also provide real-time images and videos of weather patterns, allowing meteorologists to track storms and monitor their development.
5. Can satellites be used for monitoring natural disasters?
Ans. Yes, satellites can be used for monitoring natural disasters. They provide a unique vantage point from space, allowing for a wide-area observation and assessment of disaster-prone regions. Satellites equipped with advanced sensors can detect changes in land surface temperature, vegetation health, and water levels, which can help in identifying potential disasters like wildfires, droughts, and floods. Additionally, satellites can provide high-resolution imagery of affected areas, aiding in disaster response and recovery efforts by helping authorities locate and assess damages, plan relief operations, and monitor the overall situation.
146 videos|356 docs|249 tests

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