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Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Old & New NCERTs for IAS Preparation (Must Read) - Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People

Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People for UPSC 2024 is part of Old & New NCERTs for IAS Preparation (Must Read) preparation. The Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People below.
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Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 1

The transitional phase between Palaeolithic and Neolithic age is known as

Detailed Solution for Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 1
Transition from Palaeolithic to Neolithic Age

  • Palaeolithic Age: This was the early phase of the Stone Age, characterized by the use of simple stone tools.


  • Neolithic Age: This was the later phase of the Stone Age, marked by the development of agriculture, domestication of animals, and more advanced tools.


Mesolithic Age

  • Definition: The transitional phase between the Palaeolithic and Neolithic ages is known as the Mesolithic Age.


  • Characteristics: During this period, there was a gradual shift towards more advanced tool-making techniques, including the use of microliths (small stone tools).


  • Social Changes: The Mesolithic Age also saw changes in social organization, with the development of more complex hunter-gatherer societies.


  • Environmental Factors: Climate change and environmental shifts during this time period may have influenced the transition from Palaeolithic to Neolithic ways of life.


Significance of Mesolithic Age

  • Bridge Between Eras: The Mesolithic Age served as a bridge between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods, showcasing the gradual development of human societies and technologies.


  • Cultural Evolution: It was a crucial period in human history, laying the groundwork for the agricultural revolution and the rise of settled communities in the Neolithic Age.


By understanding the significance of the Mesolithic Age, we can appreciate the complexities of human development during this transitional period in prehistory.
Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 2

Palaeolithic age is also known as

Detailed Solution for Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 2
Palaeolithic age is also known as

  • Old Stone age: The Palaeolithic age is commonly known as the Old Stone age. It is the earliest and longest period of prehistoric human development.

  • New Stone age: This term refers to the Neolithic age, which comes after the Palaeolithic age and is characterized by the development of agriculture and settled communities.

  • Later middle stone age: This term refers to the Mesolithic age, which is a transitional period between the Palaeolithic and Neolithic ages.

  • Middle Stone age: This term is sometimes used interchangeably with the Mesolithic age, but the Palaeolithic age is more commonly referred to as the Old Stone age.


In conclusion, the Palaeolithic age is most commonly known as the Old Stone age, marking the earliest period of human history characterized by the use of stone tools.
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Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 3

What do we call people who hunted wild animals, caught fish and birds, and gathered fruits, roots, nuts, seeds, leaves, stalks, and eggs?

Detailed Solution for Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 3
  • Hunter-gatherers are people who hunted wild animals, caught fish and birds, and gathered various types of food like fruits, roots, nuts, seeds, leaves, stalks, and eggs.
  • They did not grow crops like farmers but instead found their food in nature by hunting and collecting plants.
  • Hunter-gatherers were skilled at finding food in the wild to feed themselves and their communities.
Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 4

State whether the following statement is True or False

Hunter-gatherers stayed in one place for a long time because they had abundant plant and animal resources.

Detailed Solution for Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 4
  • Hunter-gatherers did not stay in one place for a long time because they would have eaten up all the available plant and animal resources.
  • They had to move to find more food.
  • They followed animals that moved, looked for different plants in different seasons, and searched for water sources.
  • Staying in one place for too long would have made it hard for them to find enough food to survive.
Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 5

What were some uses of fire in ancient times?

Detailed Solution for Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 5

People in ancient times used fire for different things like lighting up dark places, cooking meat for eating, and scaring away animals. These were important for their survival and safety.

Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 6

Stone tools were made using two different techniques: _______ and pressure flaking.

Detailed Solution for Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 6
  • Stone tools were made using two techniques: stone on stone and pressure flaking.
  • In the stone on stone technique, a pebble called the core was held in one hand, while another stone, used as a hammer, was held in the other hand to shape the tool by striking off flakes.
  • Pressure flaking involved placing the core on a firm surface and using a hammer stone on a piece of bone or stone to shape the tools.
Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 7

State whether the following statement is True or False:

People lived in caves because caves provided shelter from rain, heat, and wind.

Detailed Solution for Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 7

Yes, people chose to live in caves because caves provided shelter from rain, heat, and wind. They offered a safe place for early humans to protect themselves from the elements. Caves were like natural homes where people could stay comfortably and safely.

Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 8

What period do archaeologists call the time between 12,000 years ago and about 10,000 years ago?

Detailed Solution for Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 8
  • Archaeologists call the time between 12,000 years ago and about 10,000 years ago the Mesolithic period.
  • This period is known as the middle stone age.
  • People during this time used tiny stone tools called microliths.
  • They also continued to use older tools.
  • This period was a time of change and people were learning new ways to make tools and live.
Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 9
Around 12,000 years ago, there were major changes in the climate of the world, with a shift to relatively _____ conditions.
Detailed Solution for Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 9
Around 12,000 years ago, there were major changes in the climate of the world, with a shift to relatively warm conditions. This change led to the development of grasslands.
Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 10

State whether the following statement is True or False:

Around 12,000 years ago, there were major changes in the climate of the world, leading to the development of grasslands.

Detailed Solution for Test: On The Trail Of The Earliest People - Question 10
  • True! Around 12,000 years ago, the climate of the world changed a lot, getting warmer. This change caused grasslands to form in many places.
  • Because of this, animals like deer, antelope, goat, sheep, and cattle, which ate grass, started to increase in number.
  • This change in the environment happened a long time ago and made a big difference in how things were back then.
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